High Diversity of Rabies Viruses Associated with Insectivorous Bats in…

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PLoSNTDs

PLoSNTDs

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases is the first open-access journal devoted to the world's most neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), such as elephantiasis, river blindness, leprosy, hookworm, schistosomiasis, and African sleeping sickness. Links to PLoSNTD content is shared via GHHub using the Creative Commons. http://www.plosntds.org/

by Carolina Piñero, Federico Gury Dohmen, Fernando Beltran, Leila Martinez, Laura Novaro, Susana Russo, Gustavo Palacios, Daniel M. Cisterna Background Rabies is a fatal infection of the central nervous system primarily transmitted by rabid animal bites. Rabies virus (RABV) circulates through two different epidemiological cycles: terrestrial and aerial, where dogs, foxes or skunks and bats, respectively, act as the most relevant reservoirs and/or vectors. It is widely accepted that insectivorous bats are not important vectors of RABV in Argentina despite the great diversity of bat species and the extensive Argentinean territory. Methods We studied the positivity rate of RABV detection in different areas of the country, and the antigenic and genetic diversity of 99 rabies virus (RABV) strains obtained from 14 species of insectivorous bats collected in Argentina between 1991 and 2008

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High Diversity of Rabies Viruses Associated with Insectivorous Bats in…