Screening for Developmental Disabilities in Developing Countries

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Social Science and Medicine
Social Science & Medicine provides an international and interdisciplinary forum for the dissemination of social science research on health.

Available online 13 December 2012 Publication year: 2012Source:Social Science & Medicine Despite waxing international interest in child disability, little information exists about the situation of children with disabilities in developing countries. Using a culture-free screen for child disability from the 2005-2007 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, this study reports percentages of children in 16 developing countries who screened positive for cognitive, language, sensory, and motor disabilities, covariation among disabilities, deviation contrasts that compare each country to the overall effect of country (including effects of age and gender and their interactions), and associations of disabilities with the Human Development Index. Developmental disabilities vary by child age and country, and younger children in developing countries with lower standards of living are more likely to screen positive for disabilities. The discussion of these findings revolves around research and policy implications.

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Screening for Developmental Disabilities in Developing Countries

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