A study on relapse/re-infection rate of Plasmodium vivax malaria and identification of the…

Background: Malaria is a major public health problem in Nepal inflicted primarily by the parasite Plasmodium vivax, – the only species responsible for relapse cases in Nepal. Knowledge on its relapse rate is important for successful malaria control, but is lacking in Nepal. The information on circulating predominant genotypes of P. vivax is equally relevant for high endemic districts of Nepal to understand the transmission dynamics of the parasite and to uncover the coverage and efficacy of potential vaccine beforehand. Methods: A prospective observational study with a six months follow-up period was conducted from August 2010 to May 2011 in four health centres of Kailali and Kanchanpur districts of Nepal to access the relapse/re-infection rate of P.

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A study on relapse/re-infection rate of Plasmodium vivax malaria and identification of the…