Individual and hospital-specific factors influencing medical graduates’ time to medical…

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Publication date: November 2013 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 97 Author(s): Karl-Arne Johannessen , Terje P. Hagen Previous studies of gender differences in relation to medical specialization have focused more on social variables than hospital-specific factors. In a multivariate analysis with extended Cox regression, we used register data for socio-demographic variables (gender, family and having a child born during the study period) together with hospital-specific variables (the amount of supervision available, efficiency pressure and the type of teaching hospital) to study the concurrent effect of these variables on specialty qualification among all 2474 Norwegian residents who began specialization in 1999–2001. We followed the residents until 2010. A lower proportion of women qualified for a specialty in the study period (67.9% compared with 78.7% of men, p < 0.001), and they took on average six months longer than men did to complete the specialization qualification (p < 0.01)

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Individual and hospital-specific factors influencing medical graduates’ time to medical…

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