Microarray Analysis of Microbiota of Gingival Lesions in Noma Patients

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PLoSNTDs

PLoSNTDs

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases is the first open-access journal devoted to the world's most neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), such as elephantiasis, river blindness, leprosy, hookworm, schistosomiasis, and African sleeping sickness. Links to PLoSNTD content is shared via GHHub using the Creative Commons. http://www.plosntds.org/

by Antoine Huyghe, Patrice François, Andrea Mombelli, Manuela Tangomo, Myriam Girard, Denise Baratti-Mayer, Ignacio Bolivar, Didier Pittet, Jacques Schrenzel, the Geneva Study Group on Noma (GESNOMA) Noma (cancrum oris) is a gangrenous disease of unknown etiology affecting the maxillo-facial region of young children in extremely limited resource countries. In an attempt to better understand the microbiological events occurring during this disease, we used phylogenetic and low-density microarrays targeting the 16S rRNA gene to characterize the gingival flora of acute noma and acute necrotizing gingivitis (ANG) lesions, and compared them to healthy control subjects of the same geographical and social background. Our observations raise doubts about Fusobacterium necrophorum, a previously suspected causative agent of noma, as this species was not associated with noma lesions. Various oral pathogens were more abundant in noma lesions, notably Atopobium spp., Prevotella intermedia, Peptostreptococcus spp., Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus anginosus.

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Microarray Analysis of Microbiota of Gingival Lesions in Noma Patients