First estimates of the global and regional incidence of neonatal herpes infection

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Lancet Global Health
The Lancet Global Health is The Lancet's first gold open-access title and focuses on original research, commentary, correspondence and blogs on topics including maternal and child health, infectious and noncommunicable diseases, mental health, and more. The Editor is Zoë Mullan.

These neonatal herpes estimates mark the first attempt to quantify the global burden of this rare but serious condition. Better collection of primary data for neonatal herpes is crucially needed to reduce uncertainty and refine future estimates. These data are particularly important in resource-poor settings where we may have underestimated cases. Nevertheless, these first estimates suggest development of new HSV prevention measures such as vaccines could have additional benefits beyond reducing genital ulcer disease and HSV-associated HIV transmission, through prevention of neonatal herpes.

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[Articles] First estimates of the global and regional incidence of neonatal herpes infection