‘Pro-poor’ budgeting refers, on the expenditure side, to increasing allocation to basic social and economic sectors that directly reach the poorest people, and to sectors or programmes that indirectly but significantly enhance access to economic and social opportunities. On the revenue side, pro-poor budgeting relies more on progressive taxation. The level to which a country’s budget is pro-poor can be measured by the extent to which it aligns with the country’s poverty reduction strategy, plans and commitments. This briefing paper assess the pro-poorness of Kenya’s 2016/17 budget, touching on revenue mobilisation; it also considers allocation to deficit financing and debt servicing, as well as to specific sectors and programmes, namely health, education, agriculture, social protection, rural electrification and irrigation in arid and semi-arid areas. In 2016/17, the Government of Kenya plans to spend Ksh 2.3 trillion (30.6% of GDP), the highest budget ever for the country and the largest in the East African region; it estimates it will collect Ksh 1.5 trillion (20.3% of GDP), a 16% nominal increase from fiscal year 2015/16
Author Archives: AidInfo
This week saw the launch of the 2016 report of the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on development cooperation, entitled ‘Trends and progress in international development cooperation’. It was submitted for consideration by the fifth Biennial High-level Meeting of the Development Cooperation Forum in New York, which takes place this July. The report analyses current issues, challenges and opportunities on development cooperation, and provides actionable recommendations for governments and other stakeholders. Topics covered include financial trends within official development assistance and other forms of development cooperation – including South–South and triangular cooperation. It explores substantive issues such as the role of official development assistance within the 2030 Agenda, policy coherence, capacity building and technology transfer
This year’s report concludes that the world is not currently on track to reach targets on nutrition, but that this trend could be reversed to end to global malnutrition by 2030. The report focuses on the theme of making and measuring commitments to nutrition, and identifying what it will take to meet the 2030 target. Development Initiatives’ co-founder and strategic advisor, Judith Randel, is a member of the independent group of experts who produced the report. We are proud to have contributed also through our analysis of financing for nutrition.
Development Initiatives and Publish What You Fund welcome significant steps to improve the transparency of humanitarian aid taken at the World Humanitarian Summit held this week in Turkey. The Summit comes in the wake of the highest level of human suffering since the Second World War. It has produced key commitments towards greater transparency on spending, having acknowledged the key role this plays in tackling a widening financing gap and improving humanitarian action. A ‘Grand Bargain’ has been agreed by leading donor governments, multilateral and UN agencies and non-governmental organisation (NGO) networks, putting forward a set of proposals and commitments for donors and other humanitarian actors as follows: Publishing information on humanitarian aid in a timely, transparent and open format based on the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) Standard by May 2018 Putting data into context, providing information on the activities, environment or circumstances of the emergency aid provided Improving the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Financial Tracking Service (FTS) online database and engaging with the open data community to get the most out of the information published.
Development Initiatives has today released figures based on new data that show total international humanitarian assistance given last year reached a record amount of US$28bn. This is the third consecutive annual rise in funding, yet despite this record amount, funding requested by the United Nations via coordinated appeals experienced an unprecedented shortfall of 45%. The World Humanitarian Summit, taking place on 23–24 May 2016, brings the world together with the aim of initiating concrete action to help countries and communities better prepare for and respond to crises. Discussions at the Summit will in part focus on how to improve the volumes and effectiveness of funding. Development Initiatives has pre-released these figures ahead of its annual Global Humanitarian Assistance report.
Date 24 May 2016 Time 08.00–10.30 am EAT Location Development Initiatives Offices, 4th Floor Shelter Afrique Building, Mamlaka Road, Nairobi, Kenya Development Initiatives (DI) will hold a dissemination event to discuss the findings of a recent study on foreign aid and stimulating domestic revenue mobilisation in Uganda and Kenya. The study looked at official development assistance (ODA) intended to stimulate domestic revenue mobilisation in Kenya and Uganda for poverty reduction and development. It highlighted areas where ODA has been channelled towards improving and/or increasing the collection and management of domestic revenue mobilisation, focusing on tax revenue. It found that while a small proportion of ODA is channelled directly to domestic revenue mobilisation activities, ODA has also been directed to the automation of tax collection systems, improving trade and capacity building, which have contributed to increased domestic revenue mobilisation. Read the discussion paper in full Format and speakers The event will start with a presentation of the findings by the research team, followed by a moderated discussion on aid and tax
The role of official development assistance (ODA) in supporting developing countries to enhance and generate domestic revenues (specifically tax revenue) has been the centre of much debate in the development discourse. With the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), great focus has been put on the need to map available domestic resources to finance developing countries’ development agendas. The paper later focuses on three main areas of evidence where ODA has stimulated domestic revenue mobilisation in Uganda and Kenya specifically through; system enhancement, support to increasing trade taxes and tax-related capacity building. Key learnings Tax revenue makes up the biggest proportion of total revenue for Uganda and Kenya, and was over 80% in fiscal year 2013/14 for both countries, while grants and non-tax revenue made up less than 20%.
Date: 23 May 2016 Time: 11.00–12.30 EET Location: Rumeli Hall 7, Lütfi Kırdar Convention and Exhibition Center This World Humanitarian Summit side event will look at how the humanitarian community can achieve increased financial transparency, and how better transparency improves operational effectiveness, accountability and integrity. The event is co-hosted by Development Initiatives, alongside Development Gateway, the International Aid Transparency Initiative, OCHA, Publish What You Fund, UNICEF and Transparency International. Format and speakers A series of presentations and discussions by the panellists will be followed by a question and answer session from the floor. Chair Judith Randel, Strategic Advisor, Development Initiatives Panellists Sima Sami Bahous, Assistant Secretary General, UNDP Jelte van Wieren, Director for Humanitarian Aid, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands Dr Abdulfatah Mohamed, Advisor, Qatar Ministry of Foreign Affairs Anne-Birgitte Albrectsen, CEO, Plan International Bibhusan Bista, CEO, Young Innovations Dina Abdel-Fattah, Senior Associate, Development Gateway Samuel Kimeu, Executive Director, Transparency International Kenya Approaches and topics under discussion include: Sharing the experiences and views of humanitarian actors, implementing agencies, recipient governments and civil society partners on how transparency measures can improve humanitarian action – including through publication of data to the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) Standard Consolidating political will and ensuring commitment and concrete actions and agreements on the part of representative organisations to improve the transparency, integrity and accountability of humanitarian financing Discussing the challenges faced regarding data quality and accessibility, and the measures available to ensure that data and information are widely published to show how funds are ultimately used. Follow the discussion on Twitter at #WHStransparency
National, continental and global development agendas are all calling for data to play a catalytic role in both the meeting and monitoring of ambitious goals. This study assesses the readiness of the Ugandan national statistical system – an ecosystem that includes both official and non-governmental producers and users of data – to meet these challenges. We have designed a database to capture and classify key attributes about data producers, data sources and data sets. We have conducted research to identify 92 organisations that produce 1,150 unique datasets published in 300 unique documents or platforms. The inventory is currently available as a downloadable Excel file and an online workbook. We have classified these datasets by type of publisher, sector, timeliness and frequency of production, by provenance, geographic scope and level of disaggregation, method of collection, and accessibility
Development Initiatives (DI) has welcomed the report, particularly its call for DFID to use its leadership role to encourage other humanitarian actors to publish to the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) Standard. DI provides the technical support to IATI, which aims to make information about aid spending easier to access, understand and use. Martin Horwood, DI’s Director of Engagement and Impact, said: “We are extremely pleased to see the committee calling for DFID to reinforce its own commitment to publishing to the IATI Standard and encouraging other actors to do the same. We are wholeheartedly committed to transparency and open data, as we believe these are key tools in strengthening accountability, improving monitoring and building a more effective and efficient humanitarian system.
Key facts Funding to conflict prevention and resolution, peace and security (CPS) remains a small proportion of overall official development assistance (ODA). ODA CPS has increased by 67% since 2005, reaching a peak of US$3.9 billion in 2009. The largest CPS ODA donor in 2014 was European Union (EU) institutions. Afghanistan received the most CPS ODA by country in 2014. The majority of CPS ODA goes to peacebuilding activities.