Author Archives: BMC Public Health

Estimating contact rates at a mass gathering by using video analysis: a proof-of-concept…

Background: Current approaches for estimating social mixing patterns and infectious disease transmission at mass gatherings have been limited by various constraints, including low participation rates for volunteer-based research projects and challenges in quantifying spatially and temporally accurate person-to-person interactions.

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The impact of drought on the association between food security and mental health in a…

Background: The association between food insecurity and mental health is established.

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Social determinants of dental treatment needs in Brazilian adults

Background: The chronic cumulative nature of caries makes treatment needs a severe problem in adults.

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Perceived social and media influences on tobacco use among Samoan youth

Background: Tobacco use among young Pacific populations continues to undermine efforts to reduce the escalating rates of non-communicable disease in the region.

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Long-term health outcomes and cost-effectiveness of a computer-tailored physical activity…

Background: Physical inactivity is a significant predictor of several chronic diseases, becoming more prevalent as people age.

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Assessing environmental features related to mental health: a reliability study of visual…

Background: An association between depressive symptoms and features of built environment has been reported in the literature.

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Immigrant enclaves and risk of diabetes: a prospective study

Background: The diversity of the Swedish population has increased substantially over the past three decades.

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Knowledge of cervical cancer and attendance at cervical cancer screening: a survey of black…

Background: Women from ethnic minority backgrounds are less likely to attend cervical screening, but further understanding of ethnic inequalities in cervical screening uptake is yet to be established.

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HIV prevalence in the Israeli tuberculosis cohort, 1999-2011

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) patients who are co-infected with HIV are at greater risk of mortality.

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Role of household factors in parental attitudes to pandemic influenza-related school closure in…

Background: To investigate how household background factors affect parental behavior during pandemic influenza-related school closures, we determined associations between such factors and three parental attitudes: "caring for the child," "taking leave from work," and "permitting out-of-home activities." Methods: A hypothetical pandemic influenza situation was presented and a questionnaire survey among households of 2146 schoolchildren from 6 schools was conducted.

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Differences in health-related quality of life between three clusters of physical activity,…

Background: Physical inactivity, sitting behaviour, and mental health problems are detrimental to health-related quality of life but typically are considered as independent determinants.

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Creating change in government to address the social determinants of health: how can efforts be…

Background: The evidence base for the impact of social determinants of health has been strengthened considerably in the last decade.

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Mobile health, exercise and metabolic risk: a randomized controlled trial

Background: It was hypothesized that a mobile health (mHealth) intervention would elicit greater improvements in systolic blood pressure and other cardiometabolic risk factors at 12 weeks, which would be better maintained over 52 weeks, compared to the active control intervention.

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High school students’ knowledge and experience with a peer who committed or attempted suicide:…

Background: Suicide is a major public health problem for adolescents in South Africa, and also affects those associated with them.

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