Author Archives: CDC Global Health

Vaccination remains the most cost-effective strategy to get on track with hepatitis B…

Midwife providing the 5-in-1 pentavalent vaccine (diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis [DTP], hepatitis B, and Haemophilus influenzae type b) during a routine vaccination session in Myanmar Dr. Rania Tohme, Team Lead, Global Immunization Division, CDC In the 1990s, the Western Pacific Region had one of the highest prevalence rates of chronic hepatitis B infection in the world (>8%). As a result, in 2005, it was the first World Health Organization (WHO) Region to adopt a hepatitis B control goal through vaccination. With the financial support of GAVI (the Vaccine Alliance), countries in the region introduced hepatitis B vaccine into routine immunization, starting with a birth dose followed by 2-3 additional doses.

Posted in Aid & Development, Cancer, Delivery, Financing, Funding, General Global Health, Infectious Disease, Influenza, Publications, Vaccines | Tagged , , , | Comments closed

Media Dialogues: Cultivating a Conducive Tobacco-Control Environment In Cameroon

The author, Caleb Ayong As the communications officer for the Cameroonian Coalition for Tobacco Control (C3T), I know the importance of educating journalists and guiding them to use factually accurate information from trustworthy sources. If this does not happen, they could obtain distorted information and pass it on to the public. C3T has held media dialogues with journalists for a couple of years now. Because of the opportunities these events present to build the capacity of the media to report accurately on tobacco control, we have organized three media dialogues in 2017, with more scheduled in several regions of the country in the months ahead. Creative and direct engagement with the media can build their capacity to prevent and reduce tobacco use, so they can educate the public.

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Strengthening Immunization in Challenging Settings

Training cold chain mentees in solar direct drive fridges installation Providing routine immunization services is a global public health priority to protect families and children from vaccine-preventable diseases such as polio, measles, and cholera. In South Sudan, the world’s newest country, the need is enormous. Without vaccination, children and their communities may be vulnerable to preventable but deadly and disabling diseases. From 2008 to 2012, South Sudan experienced its largest polio outbreak.

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Vaccines Work: Leaving No Child Behind – How Pediatricians Can Contribute to Global Vaccine…

In Nepal, pediatricians meet with a caregiver and frontline vaccinators to learn how pediatricians can more effectively advocate for vaccine access. Today, more children are saved by vaccines than ever before, but over 19 million children are still missing out on these critical life-saving vaccines each year across the world (WHO, 2017). To put that in perspective, that’s almost the entire population of the state of Florida. Globally, coverage for the first dose of the measles vaccine has reached 85%, a remarkable accomplishment. Yet, in Somalia, progress in measles coverage has stagnated in the past five years, with coverage holding below 50%

Posted in Aid & Development, Delivery, Equity & Access, General Global Health, Infectious Disease, Surveillance, Vaccines | Tagged , , , | Comments closed

Closer than Ever

CAPT Stephanie R. Bialek, MD, MPH, is the Chief of the Parasitic Diseases Branch in CDC’s Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health. Some of the world’s most accomplished disease experts—including several of my colleagues in CDC’s Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria (DPDM)—are gathering in Geneva this week at the NTD Summit 2017. Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a group of parasitic, bacterial, and viral diseases that cause illness and disability in more than 1.5 billion people worldwide.

Posted in Aid & Development, General Global Health, Infectious Disease, Malaria, Neglected Tropical Diseases, Social | Tagged , | Comments closed

Preventing Local Outbreaks from Becoming Global Pandemics: FETP Enhances Capabilities to Track…

Christine Kihembo, FETP graduate from Uganda led a study in her country on Podoconiosis, a neglected tropical diseases that affects about 4 million people around the world. Above, the typical asymmetrical lymphedema (lower limb swelling) seen in podoconiosis. The skin on the affected limbs is thickened with warty and mossy nodules and toes are disfigured. Photo credit: Christine Kihembo. Every day, somewhere in the world, field epidemiologists or “disease detectives” save lives by detecting and controlling disease outbreaks.

Posted in Aid, Aid & Development, Ebola, Environment, General Global Health, Health Workforce, Infectious Disease, Influenza, Malaria, Neglected Tropical Diseases, Surveillance, Tuberculosis, WASH, Zika | Tagged , | Comments closed

Heart Failure at Age 46?

Link: Heart Failure at Age 46?

Posted in General Global Health, Infectious Disease, Malaria | Tagged , , , | Comments closed

Tick, tock, tick tock—While others sleep, what are CDC experts doing to keep America safe?

Children wait for a bus on a street in downtown Mysore, India. The CDC is carrying out a range of programs in India to ensure a healthy and safe future for kids like these. (Photo Courtesy: David Snyder CDC Foundation) A team from the Zambia Ministry of Health administers a questionnaire to a family in Siavonga District. As the clock ticks and people sleep peacefully, public health experts from CDC’s Division of Global Health Protection (DGHP) in collaboration with subject matter experts across CDC both in Atlanta and around the world are working 24/7 to support the agency’s mission to protect the health and safety of Americans and save lives.

Posted in Aid & Development, Ebola, General Global Health, Infectious Disease, Surveillance, Zika | Tagged , , , , | Comments closed

Yellow Fever Vaccination Response

Authors: Jennie Harris, Kimberley Fox March 16, 2017 Kim Fox In December 2015, a yellow fever outbreak started in Angola and quickly spread within the country and to its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Laboratory testing confirmed 962 cases, but there were thousands of suspected cases, making this the largest reported outbreak in 30 years. A critical aspect to yellow fever outbreak response is vaccination campaigns in the affected areas. One dose of yellow fever vaccine is capable of providing lifelong protection. Thus the World Health Organization (WHO) keeps a stockpile of 6 million yellow fever vaccine doses for outbreak response

Posted in Aid, Aid & Development, Environment, General Global Health, Infectious Disease, Research, Vaccines | Tagged , , , , | Comments closed

The Consequences of Contaminated Water

Thank you to CDC’s Rick Gelting, Tom Handzel and Eric Mintz for their assistance in writing this story. March 22 is World Water Day. CDC highlights the need for all people to have access to safe water, and to prevent sickness and death from waterborne diseases such as cholera World Water Day We all remember when a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti in 2010, killing 230,000 people and displacing over a million. Fewer people remember that roughly nine months after the earthquake, the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population (MSPP) confirmed cases of cholera for the first time in Haiti.

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World Birth Defects Day 2017 Raises Global Awareness of Birth Defects 

Jennifer Williams, MSN, MPH, FNP-BC Every year, about 3% to 6% of infants worldwide are born with a serious birth defect. Birth defects can affect an infant regardless of birthplace, race or ethnicity. In some countries, birth defects are a leading cause of death for babies and young children. Those who survive and live with these conditions have an increased risk of lifelong disabilities.

Posted in General Global Health, Infant & Child Health, Infectious Disease, Noncommunicable Disease, Research, Social, Women & Children, Zika | Tagged , , , | Comments closed

CDC Maintains Vigilance to Eradicate Polio in Northern Nigeria

Chimeremma Denis Nnadi, MD, MPH, PhD Epidemiologist in the Polio Eradication Branch of the Global Immunization Division Vaccines save lives. Today, millions of children have a chance at surviving and living healthy, productive thanks to the introduction and increasingly widespread use of vaccines against major diseases that cripple and kill children over the last few decades. These diseases include polio, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, influenza and measles. The essence of our work could be seen in CDC’s commitment to eradicate polio and reduce other vaccine-preventable diseases among children in Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa. More children are surviving and the country is closer than ever to eradicating polio.

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Global Rapid Responders- Our Boots on the Ground Defense

Ashley Greiner (Global RRT Tier 1 Emergency Public Health Epidemiologist) worked long hours in the aftermath of Hurricane Matthew. Dr. Greiner is seen here checking samples labels before sending them to the Port au Prince national laboratory for testing in October 2016 (Photo courtesy of Coralie Giese) Because our world is more connected than ever, a disease threat that occurs anywhere can very quickly spread across boundaries and become a threat to people worldwide. New microbes are emerging and spreading, drug resistance is rising, and limited biosafety and security measures in laboratories around the world make the intentional or unintentional release of dangerous microbes easier.

Posted in Aid, Aid & Development, Disaster Relief, Ebola, General Global Health, Infectious Disease, Surveillance | Tagged , | Comments closed

The Stakes are High, the Goal the Same – Overcome Cancer

As a pediatric oncologist, I have sat across from a family and told them the heart wrenching news that their child has cancer. Many families tell me later that this was the worst day of their lives. Although I was the bearer of bad news, I had a strong oncology training, a collaborative team of healthcare professionals with multidisciplinary backgrounds, and the resources to help many families beat cancer. The U.S. has had many cancer treatment success stories where people can live long healthy lives after a diagnosis.

Posted in Cancer, General Global Health, Noncommunicable Disease, Publications, Research, Surveillance, Technology | Tagged | Comments closed