Author Archives: JAIDS

Malaria May Influence the Transmission of Kaposi Sarcoma Associated Herpesvirus in Endemic…

No abstract available

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Decentralization of HIV Care and Treatment Services in Central Province, Kenya

Background: Since 2006, the government of Kenya began decentralizing HIV care from secondary health facilities (SHF) to an expanded network, including primary health facilities (PHF).

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Improved Retention of Patients Starting Antiretroviral Treatment in Karonga District, Northern…

Background: Patient retention in antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs remains a major challenge in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Correlates of Suboptimal Entry Into Early Infant Diagnosis in Rural North Central Nigeria

Background: Despite an estimated 59,000 incident pediatric HIV infections in 2012 in Nigeria, rates of early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV service uptake remain low.

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“What They Wanted Was to Give Birth; Nothing Else”: Barriers to Retention in Option B+ HIV…

Background: Women initiating antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy have high rates of dropout, particularly after delivery.

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Preventing Tuberculosis Among HIV-Infected Pregnant Women in Lesotho: The Case for Rolling Out…

Background: The Lesotho Ministry of Health issued guidelines on active case finding (ACF) for tuberculosis (TB) and isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) in April 2011.

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Health Insurance Coverage for Persons in HIV Care, 2006–2012

Abstract: We examined trends in health insurance coverage among 36,999 HIV-infected adults in care at 11 US HIV clinics between 2006 and 2012.

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Prevalent Tuberculosis at HIV Diagnosis in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: The TB/HIV in Rio (THRio)…

Background: Although Brazil has model HIV care programs, many patients continue to present late to care.

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High Medication Adherence During Periconception Periods Among HIV-1–Uninfected Women…

Introduction: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) may be an important safer conception strategy for HIV-1–uninfected women with HIV-1–infected partners.

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Increase in CD4 Count Among New Enrollees in HIV Care in the Modern Antiretroviral Therapy Era

Background: Earlier HIV diagnosis and engagement in care improve outcomes and is cost effective, as a result, in 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revised the HIV-screening guidelines.

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Ethical Considerations in HIV Prevention and Vaccine Research in Resource-Limited Settings

Abstract: HIV prevention research has been facing increasing ethical and operational challenges.

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Weight as Predictors of Clinical Progression and Treatment Failure: Results From the TREAT…

Objective: To evaluate the value of time-updated weight and height in predicting clinical progression, and immunological and virological failure in children receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (cART).

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The Montreal Cognitive Assessment to Screen for Cognitive Impairment in HIV Patients Older Than…

Abstract: Progress in HIV treatments has led to HIV-infected patients living into their 60s and older.

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Feasibility and Preliminary Efficacy of a Web-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for…

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a Web-based tobacco treatment for persons living with HIV (PLWH).

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