Author Archives: JAIDS

Race and the Public Health Impact Potential of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis in the United States

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Authors’ Reply: Race and the Public Health Impact Potential of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis in the…

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Transmission Networks of HIV-1 Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in East and Southeast Asia

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The Challenge of Retention Within Antiretroviral Treatment Programmes and the Need for Recent…

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Implementation and Operational Research: Age Distribution and Determinants of Invasive…

Background: Cervical cancer screening efforts linked to HIV/AIDS care programs are being expanded across sub-Saharan Africa.

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Implementation and Operational Research: Engagement in HIV Care Among Persons Enrolled in a…

Background: Ensuring that people living with HIV are accessing and staying in care is vital to achieving optimal health outcomes including antiretroviral therapy (ART) success.

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Implementation and Operational Research: Reconstructing the PMTCT Cascade Using…

Background: Given the ambitious targets to reduce pediatric AIDS worldwide, ongoing assessment of programs to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) is critical.

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Implementation and Operational Research: Expedited Results Delivery Systems Using GPRS…

Abstract: The objective of this study was to quantify the impact of a new technology to communicate the results of an infant HIV diagnostic test on test turnaround time and to quantify the association between late delivery of test results and patient loss to follow-up.

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Brief Report: The Effect of Antiretroviral Therapy and CD4 Count on Markers of Infectiousness…

Abstract: Clinical features of tuberculosis influence infectiousness.

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Brief Report: Impact of Option B+ on the Infant PMTCT Cascade in Lilongwe, Malawi

Abstract: This observational study compared uptake of infant prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV services pre/post implementation of Option B+ in Lilongwe, Malawi.

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HIV, Antiretroviral Therapy, and Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and…

Background: There are data to suggest that infection with HIV or use of highly active antiretroviral therapy increases the risk of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy.

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Screening for Tuberculosis Among Adults Newly Diagnosed With HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa: A…

Objective: New tools, including light-emitting diode (LED) fluorescence microscopy and the molecular assay Xpert MTB/RIF, offer increased sensitivity for tuberculosis (TB) in persons with HIV but come with higher costs.

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Impact of Patient-Selected Care Buddies on Adherence to HIV Care, Disease Progression, and…

Background: Data are limited on effects of household or community support persons (“care buddies”) on enrollment into and adherence to pre-antiretroviral HIV care.

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Evaluating the Impact of Health System Strengthening on HIV and Sexual Risk Behaviors in…

Background: We evaluated the impact of health system strengthening (HSS) on HIV prevalence and sexual risk behaviors in Nigeria.

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