Author Archives: JAIDS

Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Enhancing Interventions for Adolescents and Young Adults…

Introduction: Youth living with HIV are highly under-represented in the evidence base for adherence interventions, despite their diverse and unique needs and barriers.

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Expenditures for Persons Living With HIV Enrolled in Medicaid, 2006–2010

Background: Costs of care for persons living with HIV have been high historically.

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The Effect of Dolutegravir on the Pharmacokinetics of Metformin in Healthy Subjects

Background: Dolutegravir is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) licensed for use in HIV-1 infection and is an inhibitor of organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2).

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Brief Report: Macrophage Activation in HIV-Infected Adolescent Males Contributes to…

Abstract: Accumulating evidence suggests that rates of low bone mass are greater in HIV-infected males than females.

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Brief Report: HIV-1 Tropism During Primary Infections in France: 1996–2014

Abstract: HIV-1 was mainly CCR5 tropic in recent seroconverters.

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A Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Dose That Models Human Use and Its Effect on Vaginal SHIV…

Introduction: Hormonal contraception with depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) may increase HIV acquisition risk, but observational human studies are inconclusive, and animal models can help investigate this risk.

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High-Frequency Illegitimate Strand Transfers of Nascent DNA Fragments During Reverse…

Background: Two strand transfers of nascent DNA fragments during reverse transcription are required for retrovirus replication.

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Feasibility of HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis as Part of Routine Care in Toronto, Canada

No abstract available

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One in 4 HIV-Positive South Africans Awaiting ART Initiation Report Condomless Sex With a…

No abstract available

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Implementation and Operational Research: Impact of a Systems Engineering Intervention on PMTCT…

Background: Efficacious interventions to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) have not translated well into effective programs.

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Implementation and Operational Research: A Cost-Effective, Clinically Actionable Strategy for…

Background: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is effective at preventing HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM), but there is uncertainty about how to identify high-risk MSM who should receive PrEP.

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Added Value of Long-Term Cytokine Release Assays to Detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection…

Objectives: To investigate whether mycobacterial antigen–induced cytokine secretions are helpful in detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection in a cohort of HIV-infected patients living in a country with a high burden of Mtb and HIV infections, and to determine their predictive value for the development of tuberculosis (TB)-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome.

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An Empiric HIV Risk Scoring Tool to Predict HIV-1 Acquisition in African Women

Objective: To develop and validate an HIV risk assessment tool to predict HIV acquisition among African women.

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Untangling the Relationship Between Antiretroviral Therapy Use and Incident Pregnancy: A…

Background: Scale-up of triple-drug antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Africa has transformed the context of childbearing for HIV-positive women and may impact pregnancy incidence in HIV programs.

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