Author Archives: JAIDS

Implementation and Operational Research: Evaluation of Loss-to-Follow-up and Postoperative…

Background: More than 4.7 million voluntary medical male circumcisions (VMMCs) had been provided by HIV prevention programs in sub-Saharan Africa through 2013.

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Brief Report: Health-Seeking Behavior and Symptoms Associated With Early HIV Infection: …

Abstract: HIV transmission is most likely to occur during the first few months after infection, yet few cases are identified during this period.

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Targeting Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United States and…

Background: We aim to identify optimal strategies for deploying pre-exposure prophylaxis among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States and Peru to maximize population-level effectiveness in an efficient manner.

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Super Learner Analysis of Electronic Adherence Data Improves Viral Prediction and May Provide…

Objective: Regular HIV RNA testing for all HIV-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is expensive and has low yield since most tests are undetectable.

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Retention of Adult Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: …

Background: We previously published systematic reviews of retention in care after antiretroviral therapy initiation among general adult populations in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Who Knows Their Partner’s HIV Status? Results From a Nationally Representative Survey in Uganda

Objective: We examine the extent to which Ugandans accurately know their HIV status and that of their partners.

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Minimal Coital Dilution in Accra, Ghana

Background: Coital dilution, the reduction in the coital frequency per partner when an additional ongoing partner is added, may reduce the transmission potential of partnership concurrency for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

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Partner Characteristics Associated With HIV Acquisition Among Youth in Rakai, Uganda

Background: HIV risk is influenced by multiple factors including the behaviors and characteristics of sexual partners.

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Implementation and Operational Research: Evaluation of Swaziland’s Hub-and-Spoke Model for…

Background: In 2007, Swaziland initiated a hub-and-spoke model for decentralizing antiretroviral therapy (ART) access.

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HIV Infection Is Associated With Increased Risk for Acute Exacerbation of COPD

Background: Poorly controlled HIV infection is associated with increased risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

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Knowledge and Attitudes of Doctors Toward People Living With HIV/AIDS in Saudi Arabia

Objectives: Reports showed that Saudi Arabia has low prevalence of HIV/AIDS despite increasing influx of foreign nationals from countries with high risk of HIV.

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Immune Reconstitution but Persistent Activation After 48 Weeks of Antiretroviral Therapy in…

Background: Measures of immune outcomes in youth who initiate combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) early in HIV infection are limited.

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Pharmacokinetic Drug–Drug Interaction Study Between Raltegravir and Atorvastatin 20 mg in…

Background: Dyslipidemia is highly prevalent among patients with HIV infection and contributes to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

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Sexual Relationships Outside Primary Partnerships and Abstinence Are Associated With Lower…

Objective: To assess the role of sexual relationships on levels and patterns of adherence to medication for pre-exposure prophylaxis against HIV.

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