Author Archives: JAIDS

High Prevalence of HIV Drug Resistance Among Newly Diagnosed Infants Aged <18 Months: …

Background: WHO recommends protease-inhibitor-based first-line regimen in infants because of risk of drug resistance from failed prophylaxis used in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT).

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HIV Continuum of Care for Youth in the United States

Background: Beneficial HIV treatment outcomes require success at multiple steps along the HIV Continuum of Care.

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Commonly Prescribed Antiretroviral Therapy Regimens and Incidence of AIDS-Defining Neurological…

Background: The differential effects of commonly prescribed combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) regimens on AIDS-defining neurological conditions (neuroAIDS) remain unknown.

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Incidence of Tuberculosis Among HIV-Positive Individuals Initiating Antiretroviral Treatment at…

Introduction: Antiretroviral treatment (ART) guidelines recommend life-long ART for all HIV-positive individuals.

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Effect of Cobicistat on Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF): What Is True for TAF May Also Be…

Background: The dose of tenofovir alafenamide is reduced from 25 to 10 mg daily when given with boosting agents.

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Scaling up Pediatric HIV Testing by Incorporating Provider-Initiated HIV Testing Into all Child…

Background: Practical ways are needed to scale-up pediatric HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa, where testing is usually limited to HIV-exposed children in maternal and child health clinics.

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HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis Implementation at Local Health Departments: A Statewide Assessment…

Background: Expanding access to HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could help reduce rates of HIV infection in the United States.

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Dating Violence Against HIV-Infected Youth in South Africa: Associations With Sexual Risk…

Background: As perinatal HIV-infected youth become sexually active, the potential for onward transmission becomes an increasing concern.

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Predictors of HIV, HIV Risk Perception, and HIV Worry Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women in…

Background: Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa have high HIV prevalence and incidence.

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Partner Notification for Youth Living With HIV in 14 Cities in the United States

Background: Identifying factors associated with partner notification among youth living with HIV is critical for effective HIV prevention and treatment strategies.

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Brief Report: PrEP Use During Periods of HIV Risk Among East African Women in Serodiscordant…

Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is efficacious for African women at risk for HIV, but data on adherence outside clinical trials are sparse.

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The Effect of PrEP on HIV Incidence Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in the Context of Condom…

Background: HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective tool in preventing HIV infection among high-risk men who have sex with men (MSM).

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Country of Birth of Children With Diagnosed HIV Infection in the United States, 2008–2014

Background: Diagnoses of HIV infection among children in the United States have been declining; however, a notable percentage of diagnoses are among those born outside the United States.

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Brief Report: AIDS-Defining Events and Deaths in HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents on…

Background: Data are scarce on the long-term clinical outcomes of perinatally HIV-infected children and adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low/middle-income countries.

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