Author Archives: JAIDS

Serum Phosphate and Creatinine Levels in the First Year of Life in Infants Born to HIV-Positive…

No abstract available

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Implementation and Operational Research: Active Referral of Children of HIV-Positive Adults…

Objectives: Few routine systems exist to test older, asymptomatic children for HIV.

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Brief Report: High HIV Incidence in a South African Community of Men Who Have Sex With Men: …

Abstract: Cross-sectional studies among African men who have sex with men (MSM) populations demonstrate high HIV prevalence, but few incidence estimates exist.

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Brief Report: Preventing HIV-1 Infection in Women Using Oral Preexposure Prophylaxis: A…

Abstract: The World Health Organization has issued an early release revision to its antiretroviral guidelines in which PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis in the form of daily oral, fixed dose combination tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine) is recommended as a prevention option to all people at substantial risk of acquiring HIV.

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Plasma n-6 Fatty Acid Levels Are Associated With CD4 Cell Counts, Hospitalization, and…

Background: Fatty acids, including n-6 series, modulate immune function, but their effect on CD4 cell counts, death, or hospitalization in HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy is unknown.

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Hospitalization for Anxiety and Mood Disorders in HIV-Infected and -Uninfected Gay and Bisexual…

Background: Prevalence of anxiety and mood disorders (AMDs) in HIV-infected individuals has varied widely because of the variety of measurements used and differences in risk factor profiles between different populations.

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Performance of the Bio-Rad Geenius HIV1/2 Supplemental Assay in Detecting “Recent” HIV…

Objective: HIV seroconversion biomarkers are being used in cross-sectional studies for HIV incidence estimation.

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Maternal and Breastmilk Viral Load: Impacts of Adherence on Peripartum HIV Infections…

Background: Antiretroviral (ARV) interventions are used to reduce HIV viral replication and prevent mother-to-child transmission.

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Trends in the Marginal Cost of Male Circumcision in Rural Rakai Uganda

Introduction: Male circumcision (MC) is an effective intervention to reduce HIV acquisition in men in Africa.

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Evaluation of Sexual Risk Behavior Among Study Participants in the TDF2 PrEP Study Among…

Objective: Among participants of a clinical trial to test the efficacy of tenofovir/emtricitabine in protecting heterosexual men and women living in Botswana from HIV infection, the aim was to determine (1) if sexual risk behavior, specifically condomless sex acts and number of sex partners, changed over time, (2) factors associated with condomless sex acts and number of sex partners, and (3) the effect of participant treatment arm perception on risk behavior to address the possibility of risk compensation.

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Enhancing PrEP Access for Black and Latino Men Who Have Sex With Men

Objective: Implementation of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) programs for populations with highest incidence is critical to reducing new infections in the United States.

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Implementation and Operational Research: Affordable Care Act Implementation in a California…

Objectives: This study examined implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in relation to HIV-positive patient enrollment in an integrated health care system; as well as changes in new enrollee characteristics, benefit structure, and health care utilization after key ACA provisions went into effect in 2014.

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Implementation and Operational Research: An Integrated and Comprehensive Service Delivery…

Background: Strategies to improve HIV diagnosis and linkage into care, antiretroviral treatment coverage, and treatment outcomes of mothers and children are urgently needed in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Preexposure Prophylaxis for HIV Prevention in a Large Integrated Health Care System: …

Background: Placebo-controlled and open-label studies have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of daily oral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in preventing HIV infection, but data are limited on real-world PrEP use.

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