No abstract available
Author Archives: JAIDS
Objectives: Few routine systems exist to test older, asymptomatic children for HIV.
Abstract: Cross-sectional studies among African men who have sex with men (MSM) populations demonstrate high HIV prevalence, but few incidence estimates exist.
Abstract: The World Health Organization has issued an early release revision to its antiretroviral guidelines in which PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis in the form of daily oral, fixed dose combination tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine) is recommended as a prevention option to all people at substantial risk of acquiring HIV.
Background: Fatty acids, including n-6 series, modulate immune function, but their effect on CD4 cell counts, death, or hospitalization in HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy is unknown.
Background: Prevalence of anxiety and mood disorders (AMDs) in HIV-infected individuals has varied widely because of the variety of measurements used and differences in risk factor profiles between different populations.
Objective: HIV seroconversion biomarkers are being used in cross-sectional studies for HIV incidence estimation.
Background: Antiretroviral (ARV) interventions are used to reduce HIV viral replication and prevent mother-to-child transmission.
Introduction: Male circumcision (MC) is an effective intervention to reduce HIV acquisition in men in Africa.
Objective: Among participants of a clinical trial to test the efficacy of tenofovir/emtricitabine in protecting heterosexual men and women living in Botswana from HIV infection, the aim was to determine (1) if sexual risk behavior, specifically condomless sex acts and number of sex partners, changed over time, (2) factors associated with condomless sex acts and number of sex partners, and (3) the effect of participant treatment arm perception on risk behavior to address the possibility of risk compensation.
Objective: Implementation of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) programs for populations with highest incidence is critical to reducing new infections in the United States.
Objectives: This study examined implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in relation to HIV-positive patient enrollment in an integrated health care system; as well as changes in new enrollee characteristics, benefit structure, and health care utilization after key ACA provisions went into effect in 2014.
Background: Strategies to improve HIV diagnosis and linkage into care, antiretroviral treatment coverage, and treatment outcomes of mothers and children are urgently needed in sub-Saharan Africa.
Background: Placebo-controlled and open-label studies have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of daily oral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in preventing HIV infection, but data are limited on real-world PrEP use.