Author Archives: JAIDS

Strong ifitm1 Expression in CD4 T Cells in HIV Controllers Is Correlated With Immune Activation

No abstract available

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Interleukin 1-Beta (IL-1β) Production by Innate Cells Following TLR Stimulation Correlates…

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major cause of global morbidity and mortality, especially in the context of HIV coinfection because immunity is not completely restored following antiretroviral therapy (ART).

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Distinct Mitochondrial Disturbance in CD4+T and CD8+T Cells From HIV-Infected Patients

Background: Mitochondrial dysfunction has frequently been found in HIV-infected patients regardless of whether they received antiretroviral therapy (ART).

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Brief Report: Impaired CD4 T-Cell Response to Autophagy in Treated HIV-1–Infected…

Abstract: Autophagy restricts infection of CD4 T lymphocytes by HIV-1, but little is known about autophagy in treated HIV-1–infected individuals.

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A Randomized, Open-Label Trial to Evaluate Switching to…

Background: HIV-infected, treatment-experienced adults with a history of prior resistance and regimen failure can be virologically suppressed but may require multitablet regimens associated with lower adherence and potential resistance development.

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Brief Report: Switching to Tenofovir Alafenamide, Coformulated With Elvitegravir, Cobicistat,…

Abstract: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is associated with renal and bone toxicity.

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Changes in Cognitive Function Over 96 Weeks in Naive Patients Randomized to…

Background: Improvements in cognitive function are described after initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), with sparse data on differences between cART strategies.

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Brief Report: Informing Strategies to Build PrEP Capacity Among San Francisco Bay Area…

Abstract: A large pool of clinicians are needed to meet the growing demand for HIV preexposure prophylaxis.

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Increased Survival Among HIV-Infected PWID Receiving a Multi-Level HIV Risk and Stigma…

Objective: In Vietnam, where 58% of prevalent HIV cases are attributed to people who inject drugs, we evaluated whether a multi-level intervention could improve care outcomes and increase survival.

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Antiretroviral Drug Use in a Cross-Sectional Population Survey in Africa: NIMH Project Accept…

Background: Antiretroviral (ARV) drug treatment benefits the treated individual and can prevent HIV transmission.

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Conditional Cash Transfers Improve Retention in PMTCT Services by Mitigating the Negative…

Objective: To elucidate the mechanisms by which a cash incentive intervention increases retention in prevention of mother-to-child transmission services.

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Unpacking the Influence of Sexual Stigma on HIV Risk: Results From a Prospective Study of Men…

Objective: We examined the mediating roles of coping, depression, anxiety, and encountering difficult sexual situations in explaining the association between stigma against men who have sex with men (MSM) and HIV risk.

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Changes in Male Circumcision Prevalence and Risk Compensation in the Kisumu, Kenya Population,…

Background: Three randomized controlled trials showed that voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces the risk of female-to-male HIV transmission by approximately 60%.

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Elevated Markers of Vascular Remodeling and Arterial Stiffness Are Associated With…

Background: HIV is associated with elevated markers of vascular remodeling that may contribute to arterial fibrosis and stiffening and changes in pulse pressure (PP).

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