Author Archives: JAIDS

Plasma and Intracellular Concentrations in HIV-Infected Patients Requiring Hemodialysis Dosed…

No abstract available

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Implementation and Operational Research: Clinical Impact of the Xpert MTB/RIF Assay in…

Background: The Xpert MTB/RIF assay has been widely implemented in South Africa for rapid tuberculosis (TB) screening.

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Brief Report: Geographical Variation in Prevalence of Cryptococcal Antigenemia Among…

Objective: Worldwide, HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis affects approximately 1 million persons and causes 600,000 deaths each year mostly in sub-Saharan Africa.

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War-Related Abduction and History of Incarceration Linked to High Burden of HIV Among Female…

Objective: Sex workers (SWs) in sub-Saharan Africa face a disproportionate HIV burden and growing concerns of severe human rights violations.

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Brief Report: APOL1 Renal Risk Variants Are Associated With Chronic Kidney Disease in Children…

Abstract: APOL1 renal risk alleles are associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults, with the strongest effect being for HIV-associated nephropathy.

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Limiting Cumulative HIV Viremia Copy-Years by Early Treatment Reduces Risk of AIDS and Death

Background: Viremia copy-years (VCY), a time-updated measure of cumulative HIV exposure, predicts AIDS/death; although its utility in deciding when to start combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) remains unclear.

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Attrition and Opportunities Along the HIV Care Continuum: Findings From a Population-Based…

Background: Attrition along the HIV care continuum slows gains in mitigating the South African HIV epidemic.

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Barriers to Viral Suppression Among Female Sex Workers: Role of Structural and Intimate…

Objective: Despite global evidence that sex workers (SWs) are disproportionately impacted by HIV, data on HIV treatment outcomes among SWs living with HIV remains sparse.

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Complications and Route of Delivery in a Large Cohort Study of HIV-1–Infected Women—IMPAACT…

Objective: To investigate complications of cesarean section in a cohort of HIV-infected pregnant women.

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Brief Report: Enhanced Normalization of CD4/CD8 Ratio With Earlier Antiretroviral Therapy at…

Background: Total CD4+ T-cell counts predict HIV disease progression but do not necessarily reflect normalization of immune function.

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Difference in Aortic Stiffness Between Treated Middle-Aged HIV Type 1–Infected and Uninfected…

Background: Patients with HIV, even with suppressed viremia on combination antiretroviral therapy, are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

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Randomized Factorial Trial of Phone-Delivered Support Counseling and Daily Text Message…

Background: HIV infection is clinically managed with antiretroviral therapy (ART), but only with sustained adherence.

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Narrowing the Gap in Life Expectancy Between HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Individuals With…

Background: It is unknown if a survival gap remains between HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected individuals with access to care.

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Brief Report: HIV-1 Infection Results in Increased Frequency of Active and Inflammatory…

Abstract: HIV infection is marked by phenotypic and functional alterations of immune cells.

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