Author Archives: JAIDS

Assessment of the Impact of Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis on Key Outcomes Among HIV-Infected Adults…

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Using Surveillance Data to Assess the HIV Tipping Point in the United States

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Implementation and Operational Research: Uptake of Services and Behaviors in the Prevention of…

Objective: To examine the uptake of services and behaviors in the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) cascade in Zimbabwe and to determine factors associated with MTCT and maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART) or antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis.

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Implementation and Operational Research: Scaling Up the Provision of the PMTCT Services, Using…

Introduction: In Cambodia, the Linked Response (LR) approach for strengthening linkages between HIV and reproductive health services, especially for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), was scaled up in 2009.

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Implementation and Operational Research: Evolution of Antiretroviral Therapy Services for…

Background: Approaches to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV-infected pregnant women have changed considerably in recent years, but there are few comparative data on the implementation of different models of service delivery.

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Implementation and Operational Research: Correlates of Adherence and Treatment Failure Among…

Background: Universal access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is still elusive in most developing nations.

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Implementation and Operational Research: Linkage to Care Among Methadone Clients Living With…

Background: The first methadone maintenance treatment clinic in Tanzania was launched in February 2011 to address an emerging HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs.

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Brief Report: Relationship and Demographic Factors Associated With Willingness to Use an…

Abstract: With dyadic data from a US Internet sample of 275 HIV-negative and 58 discordant male couples, we assessed HIV-negative partnered men’s attitudes toward using an in-home rapid HIV test (HT) to screen potential new sex partners and associated factors by multivariate multilevel modeling.

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Antiretroviral Therapy Availability and HIV Disclosure to Spouse in Rakai, Uganda: A…

Background: A decade after the rollout of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa, the effects of this structural change on social aspects of HIV, such as rates of HIV disclosure to partners, remain largely unmeasured.

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Brief Report: Time From Infection With the Human Immunodeficiency Virus to Diagnosis, United…

Abstract: HIV testing efforts increased in recent years to reduce the percentage of persons with HIV unaware of their infection and to detect HIV early.

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Adherence to Early Antiretroviral Therapy: Results From HPTN 052, a Phase III, Multinational…

Background: Combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-1–infected individuals prevents sexual transmission if viral load is suppressed.

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Long-term Prescription of Opioids and/or Benzodiazepines and Mortality Among HIV-Infected and…

Background: Increased long-term prescription of opioids and/or benzodiazepines necessitates evaluating risks associated with their receipt.

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High Drop-off Along the HIV Care Continuum and ART Interruption Among Female Sex Workers in the…

Background: Engagement in HIV care offers clear individual and societal benefits, but little evidence exists on the care experiences of key populations.

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Immune Reconstitution in Severely Immunosuppressed Antiretroviral-Naive HIV-1–Infected…

Background: Few randomized clinical trials have investigated antiretroviral regimens in very advanced HIV-1–infected patients.

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