Author Archives: JAIDS

Willingness to Use HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Has Declined Among Australian Gay and Bisexual…

Abstract: We surveyed willingness to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and the likelihood of decreased condom use among Australian gay and bisexual men in 2011 and 2013 (n = 2384).

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HIV Self-Testing Among Online MSM in China: Implications for Expanding HIV Testing Among Key…

Abstract: HIV self-testing offers an alternative to facility-based testing that could expand HIV testing among men who have sex with men (MSM).

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Clinical Performance of Digital Cervicography and Cytology for Cervical Cancer Screening in…

Abstract: Although there is a growing literature on the clinical performance of visual inspection with acetic acid in HIV-infected women, to the best of our knowledge, none have studied visual inspection with acetic acid enhanced by digital cervicography.

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Cumulative HIV Viremia and Non–AIDS-Defining Malignancies Among a Sample of HIV-Infected Male…

Background: Research suggests that cumulative measurement of HIV exposure is associated with mortality, AIDS, and AIDS-defining malignancies.

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Effects of a Couple-Based Intervention to Reduce Risks for HIV, HCV, and STIs Among…

Objective: Project Renaissance is a randomized controlled trial of an HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention intervention conducted in Almaty, Kazakhstan.

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Phylogenetic Studies of Transmission Dynamics in Generalized HIV Epidemics: An Essential Tool…

Abstract: Efficient and effective HIV prevention measures for generalized epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa have not yet been validated at the population level.

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End-Stage Kidney Disease and Kidney Transplantation in HIV-Positive Patients: An Observational…

Abstract: End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is a major complication of HIV infection.

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Needle Autopsy to Establish the Cause of Death in HIV-Infected Hospitalized Adults in Uganda: …

Introduction: Minimal invasive but accurate methods to establish the cause of death in HIV-infected patients are needed.

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Bone Mineral Density Over 96 Weeks in Adults Failing First-Line Therapy Randomized to…

Objective: To compare bone mineral density (BMD) changes over 96 weeks in adults virologically failing standard first-line therapy, randomized to raltegravir plus lopinavir/ritonavir (RAL + LPV/r) or conventional 2-3 nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors [N(t)RTIs] + LPV/r second-line therapy.

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Factors Associated With CD8+ T-Cell Activation in HIV-1–Infected Patients on Long-term…

Background: Abnormal levels of CD8+ T-cell activation persist in HIV-1–infected patients on suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART) and may be deleterious.

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Race and Other Risk Factors for Incident Proteinuria in a National Cohort of HIV-Infected…

Background: Proteinuria in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals has been associated with poorer outcomes.

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The Effect of Tuberculosis Treatment on Virologic and Immunologic Response to Combination…

Background: Many HIV-infected children are diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB), but the effect of TB treatment on virologic and immunologic response to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is not well documented.

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Risk Factors for Preterm Birth Among HIV-Infected Pregnant Ugandan Women Randomized to…

Background: Protease inhibitor–based antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been associated with preterm birth in some studies.

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Minimal Cognitive Impairment in UK HIV-Positive Men Who Have Sex With Men: Effect of Case…

Background: To determine the prevalence of neurocognitive impairment (NCI) in UK HIV-positive and HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM).

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