Author Archives: PLoS Medicine

Correction: Enabling Dynamic Partnerships through Joint Degrees between Low- and High-Income…

by The PLOS Medicine Staff

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Correction: Intra-tumor Genetic Heterogeneity and Mortality in Head and Neck Cancer: Analysis…

by The PLOS Medicine Staff

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Strengthening the Detection of and Early Response to Public Health Emergencies: Lessons from…

by Mark J. Siedner, Lawrence O. Gostin, Hilarie H. Cranmer, John D.

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Testing and Treating the Missing Millions with Tuberculosis

by Madhukar Pai, Puneet Dewan

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Broad Blockade Antibody Responses in Human Volunteers after Immunization with a Multivalent…

by Lisa C. Lindesmith, Martin T. Ferris, Clancy W. Mullan, Jennifer Ferreira, Kari Debbink, Jesica Swanstrom, Charles Richardson, Robert R. Goodwin, Frank Baehner, Paul M.

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Role of Acute HIV Infection in Driving HIV Transmission: Implications for HIV Treatment as…

by Laith J. Abu-Raddad

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Reassessment of HIV-1 Acute Phase Infectivity: Accounting for Heterogeneity and Study Design…

by Steve E. Bellan, Jonathan Dushoff, Alison P. Galvani, Lauren Ancel Meyers Background The infectivity of the HIV-1 acute phase has been directly measured only once, from a retrospectively identified cohort of serodiscordant heterosexual couples in Rakai, Uganda. Analyses of this cohort underlie the widespread view that the acute phase is highly infectious, even more so than would be predicted from its elevated viral load, and that transmission occurring shortly after infection may therefore compromise interventions that rely on diagnosis and treatment, such as antiretroviral treatment as prevention (TasP). Here, we re-estimate the duration and relative infectivity of the acute phase, while accounting for several possible sources of bias in published estimates, including the retrospective cohort exclusion criteria and unmeasured heterogeneity in risk.

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Paying Physicians to Prescribe Generic Drugs and Follow-On Biologics in the United States

by Ameet Sarpatwari, Niteesh K. Choudhry, Jerry Avorn, Aaron S. Kesselheim

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Sugar Industry Influence on the Scientific Agenda of the National Institute of Dental…

by Cristin E. Kearns, Stanton A. Glantz, Laura A. Schmidt Background In 1966, the National Institute of Dental Research (NIDR) began planning a targeted research program to identify interventions for widespread application to eradicate dental caries (tooth decay) within a decade. In 1971, the NIDR launched the National Caries Program (NCP)

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HIV Treatment-As-Prevention Research: Authors’ Reply

by Till Bärnighausen, Nir Eyal, Dan Wikler

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A Public Health Approach to Hepatitis C Control in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

by Amitabh B. Suthar, Anthony D. Harries

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HIV Treatment-As-Prevention Research: Taking the Right Road at the Crossroads

by Richard Hayes, Sarah Fidler, Anne Cori, Christophe Fraser, Sian Floyd, Helen Ayles, Nulda Beyers, Wafaa El-Sadr, HPTN 071 (PopART) Study Team

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Association between Traffic-Related Air Pollution in Schools and Cognitive Development in…

by Jordi Sunyer, Mikel Esnaola, Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, Joan Forns, Ioar Rivas, Mònica López-Vicente, Elisabet Suades-González, Maria Foraster, Raquel Garcia-Esteban, Xavier Basagaña, Mar Viana, Marta Cirach, Teresa Moreno, Andrés Alastuey, Núria Sebastian-Galles, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Xavier Querol Background Air pollution is a suspected developmental neurotoxicant. Many schools are located in close proximity to busy roads, and traffic air pollution peaks when children are at school. We aimed to assess whether exposure of children in primary school to traffic-related air pollutants is associated with impaired cognitive development. Methods and Findings We conducted a prospective study of children (n = 2,715, aged 7 to 10 y) from 39 schools in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) exposed to high and low traffic-related air pollution, paired by school socioeconomic index; children were tested four times (i.e., to assess the 12-mo developmental trajectories) via computerized tests (n = 10,112).

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Correction: Association between Cutaneous Nevi and Breast Cancer in the Nurses’ Health Study: A…

by The PLOS Medicine Staff

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