Author Archives: PLoS Medicine

Identification of genes associated with dissociation of cognitive performance and…

by Charles C. White, Hyun-Sik Yang, Lei Yu, Lori B. Chibnik, Robert J. Dawe, Jingyun Yang, Hans-Ulrich Klein, Daniel Felsky, Alfredo Ramos-Miguel, Konstantinos Arfanakis, William G. Honer, Reisa A

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Implementation science: Relevance in the real world without sacrificing rigor

by Elvin H. Geng, David Peiris, Margaret E. Kruk Three members of PLOS Medicine’s editorial board who are leading researchers in implementation science define the characteristics of high-quality studies and invite their submission to the journal.

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Correction: The Subclonal Architecture of Metastatic Breast Cancer: Results from a Prospective…

by Peter Savas, Zhi Ling Teo, Christophe Lefevre, Christoffer Flensburg, Franco Caramia, Kathryn Alsop, Mariam Mansour, Prudence A. Francis, Heather A. Thorne, Maria Joao Silva, Nnennaya Kanu, Michelle Dietzen, Andrew Rowan, Maik Kschischo, Stephen Fox, David D. Bowtell, Sarah-Jane Dawson, Terence P.

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Correction: Correction: The World Health Organization Fetal Growth Charts: A Multinational…

by The PLOS Medicine Staff

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An open source pharma roadmap

by Manica Balasegaram, Peter Kolb, John McKew, Jaykumar Menon, Piero Olliaro, Tomasz Sablinski, Zakir Thomas, Matthew H. Todd, Els Torreele, John Wilbanks In an Essay, Matthew Todd and colleagues discuss an open source approach to drug development.

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Clinical decision tools are needed to identify HIV-positive patients at high risk for poor…

by Margaret L. McNairy, Elaine J. Abrams, Miriam Rabkin, Wafaa M. El-Sadr Margaret McNairy and colleagues highlight the need for clinical decision tools to help identify HIV patients who would benefit from tailored services to avoid poor outcomes such as death and loss to follow-up.

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Effectiveness of a live oral human rotavirus vaccine after programmatic introduction in…

by K. Zaman, David A. Sack, Kathleen M. Neuzil, Mohammad Yunus, Lawrence H. Moulton, Jonathan D

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Changes in prices, sales, consumer spending, and beverage consumption one year after a tax on…

by Lynn D. Silver, Shu Wen Ng, Suzanne Ryan-Ibarra, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Marta Induni, Donna R. Miles, Jennifer M. Poti, Barry M.

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Correction: How Much Can the USA Reduce Health Care Costs by Reducing Smoking?

by The PLOS Medicine Staff

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A new cascade of HIV care for the era of “treat all”

by Matthew P. Fox, Sydney Rosen Matthew Fox and Sydney Rosen discuss a cascade of HIV care adapted to WHO-recommended antiretroviral therapy irrespective of CD4 cell count.

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Fresh fruit consumption in relation to incident diabetes and diabetic vascular complications: A…

by Huaidong Du, Liming Li, Derrick Bennett, Yu Guo, Iain Turnbull, Ling Yang, Fiona Bragg, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Junshi Chen, Iona Y. Millwood, Sam Sansome, Liangcai Ma, Ying Huang, Ningmei Zhang, Xiangyang Zheng, Qiang Sun, Timothy J. Key, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Zhengming Chen, China Kadoorie Biobank study Background Despite the well-recognised health benefits of fresh fruit consumption, substantial uncertainties remain about its potential effects on incident diabetes and, among those with diabetes, on risks of death and major vascular complications. Methods and findings Between June 2004 and July 2008, the nationwide China Kadoorie Biobank study recruited 0.5 million adults aged 30–79 (mean 51) y from ten diverse localities across China. During ~7 y of follow-up, 9,504 new diabetes cases were recorded among 482,591 participants without prevalent (previously diagnosed or screen-detected) diabetes at baseline, with an overall incidence rate of 2.8 per 1,000 person-years

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Silk garments plus standard care compared with standard care for treating eczema in children: A…

by Kim S. Thomas, Lucy E. Bradshaw, Tracey H. Sach, Jonathan M.

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The effects of implementing a point-of-care electronic template to prompt routine anxiety and…

by Christian D. Mallen, Barbara I. Nicholl, Martyn Lewis, Bernadette Bartlam, Daniel Green, Sue Jowett, Jesse Kigozi, John Belcher, Kris Clarkson, Zoe Lingard, Christopher Pope, Carolyn A. Chew-Graham, Peter Croft, Elaine M. Hay, George Peat Background This study aimed to evaluate whether prompting general practitioners (GPs) to routinely assess and manage anxiety and depression in patients consulting with osteoarthritis (OA) improves pain outcomes

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Community-based strategies to strengthen men’s engagement in the HIV care cascade in…

by Monisha Sharma, Ruanne V. Barnabas, Connie Celum Monica Sharma and colleagues discuss evidence-based approaches to improving HIV services for men in sub-Saharan Africa.

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