Author Archives: PLoS Medicine

Does Diagnosing Fatty Liver and Chronic Kidney Disease Do More Good Than Harm?

by Druin Burch

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Mortality after Parental Death in Childhood: A Nationwide Cohort Study from Three Nordic…

by Jiong Li, Mogens Vestergaard, Sven Cnattingius, Mika Gissler, Bodil Hammer Bech, Carsten Obel, Jørn Olsen Background Bereavement by spousal death and child death in adulthood has been shown to lead to an increased risk of mortality. Maternal death in infancy or parental death in early childhood may have an impact on mortality but evidence has been limited to short-term or selected causes of death. Little is known about long-term or cause-specific mortality after parental death in childhood. Methods and Findings This cohort study included all persons born in Denmark from 1968 to 2008 (n = 2,789,807) and in Sweden from 1973 to 2006 (n = 3,380,301), and a random sample of 89.3% of all born in Finland from 1987 to 2007 (n = 1,131,905).

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Association of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic…

by Giovanni Musso, Roberto Gambino, James H. Tabibian, Mattias Ekstedt, Stergios Kechagias, Masahide Hamaguchi, Rolf Hultcrantz, Hannes Hagström, Seung Kew Yoon, Phunchai Charatcharoenwitthaya, Jacob George, Francisco Barrera, Svanhildur Hafliðadóttir, Einar Stefan Björnsson, Matthew J. Armstrong, Laurence J. Hopkins, Xin Gao, Sven Francque, An Verrijken, Yusuf Yilmaz, Keith D. Lindor, Michael Charlton, Robin Haring, Markus M

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The Importance of Implementation Strategy in Scaling Up Xpert MTB/RIF for Diagnosis of…

by Henrik Salje, Jason R. Andrews, Sarang Deo, Srinath Satyanarayana, Amanda Y. Sun, Madhukar Pai, David W. Dowdy Background India has announced a goal of universal access to quality tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment. A number of novel diagnostics could help meet this important goal

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Improving the Transparency of Prognosis Research: The Role of Reporting, Data Sharing,…

by George Peat, Richard D. Riley, Peter Croft, Katherine I. Morley, Panayiotis A. Kyzas, Karel G.

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Association between Class III Obesity (BMI of 40–59 kg/m2) and Mortality: A Pooled Analysis…

by Cari M. Kitahara, Alan J. Flint, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Leslie Bernstein, Michelle Brotzman, Robert J. MacInnis, Steven C. Moore, Kim Robien, Philip S

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Severe Maternal Sepsis in the UK, 2011–2012: A National Case-Control Study

by Colleen D. Acosta, Jennifer J. Kurinczuk, D. Nuala Lucas, Derek J. Tuffnell, Susan Sellers, Marian Knight, on behalf of the United Kingdom Obstetric Surveillance System Background In light of increasing rates and severity of sepsis worldwide, this study aimed to estimate the incidence of, and describe the causative organisms, sources of infection, and risk factors for, severe maternal sepsis in the UK.

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Using Evidence to Combat Overdiagnosis and Overtreatment: Evaluating Treatments, Tests, and…

by Ray Moynihan, David Henry, Karel G. M. Moons

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Cesarean Section and Rate of Subsequent Stillbirth, Miscarriage, and Ectopic Pregnancy: A…

by Sinéad M. O’Neill, Esben Agerbo, Louise C. Kenny, Tine B. Henriksen, Patricia M. Kearney, Richard A

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Effects of BMI, Fat Mass, and Lean Mass on Asthma in Childhood: A Mendelian Randomization Study

by Raquel Granell, A. John Henderson, David M. Evans, George Davey Smith, Andrew R. Ness, Sarah Lewis, Tom M. Palmer, Jonathan A.

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Correction: Psychosocial Interventions for Perinatal Common Mental Disorders Delivered by…

by The PLOS Medicine Staff

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Health Care in Danger: Deliberate Attacks on Health Care during Armed Conflict

by The PLOS Medicine Editors

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Patient-Safety-Related Hospital Deaths in England: Thematic Analysis of Incidents Reported to a…

by Liam J. Donaldson, Sukhmeet S. Panesar, Ara Darzi Background Hospital mortality is increasingly being regarded as a key indicator of patient safety, yet methodologies for assessing mortality are frequently contested and seldom point directly to areas of risk and solutions. The aim of our study was to classify reports of deaths due to unsafe care into broad areas of systemic failure capable of being addressed by stronger policies, procedures, and practices. The deaths were reported to a patient safety incident reporting system after mandatory reporting of such incidents was introduced.

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Pushback: The Current Wave of Anti-Homosexuality Laws and Impacts on Health

by Chris Beyrer

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