Author Archives: PLoS Medicine

Active or Passive Exposure to Tobacco Smoking and Allergic Rhinitis, Allergic…

by The PLOS Medicine Staff

Posted in Journal Watch, Noncommunicable Disease, Tobacco & alcohol | Tagged | Comments closed

The Rise of Consumer Health Wearables: Promises and Barriers

by Lukasz Piwek, David A. Ellis, Sally Andrews, Adam Joinson

Posted in Journal Watch, Technology | Tagged | Comments closed

Risk of Injurious Fall and Hip Fracture up to 26 y before the Diagnosis of Parkinson Disease:…

by Helena Nyström, Anna Nordström, Peter Nordström Background Low muscle strength has been found in late adolescence in individuals diagnosed with Parkinson disease (PD) 30 y later. This study investigated whether this lower muscle strength also may translate into increased risks of falling and fracture before the diagnosis of PD. Methods and Findings Among all Swedish citizens aged ≥50 y in 2005, two nested case–control cohorts were compiled. In cohort I, individuals diagnosed with PD during 1988–2012 (n = 24,412) were matched with up to ten controls (n = 243,363), and the risk of fall-related injuries before diagnosis of PD was evaluated.

Posted in Injury, Journal Watch, Noncommunicable Disease, Surgical disease | Tagged , | Comments closed

Transforming Living Kidney Donation with a Comprehensive Strategy

by Matthew B. Allen, Peter P. Reese

Posted in Journal Watch, Noncommunicable Disease | Tagged | Comments closed

Can Data Sharing Become the Path of Least Resistance?

by The PLOS Medicine Editors

Posted in Journal Watch, Technology | Tagged , | Comments closed

Evidence for Community Transmission of Community-Associated but Not Health-Care-Associated…

by Olga Tosas Auguet, Jason R. Betley, Richard A. Stabler, Amita Patel, Avgousta Ioannou, Helene Marbach, Pasco Hearn, Anna Aryee, Simon D. Goldenberg, Jonathan A.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Mapping, Technology | Tagged , | Comments closed

Pharmaceutical Industry Off-label Promotion and Self-regulation: A Document Analysis of…

by Andreas Vilhelmsson, Courtney Davis, Shai Mulinari Background European Union law prohibits companies from marketing drugs off-label. In the United Kingdom—as in some other European countries, but unlike the United States—industry self-regulatory bodies are tasked with supervising compliance with marketing rules. The objectives of this study were to (1) characterize off-label promotion rulings in the UK compared to the whistleblower-initiated cases in the US and (2) shed light on the UK self-regulatory mechanism for detecting, deterring, and sanctioning off-label promotion. Methods and Findings We conducted structured reviews of rulings by the UK self-regulatory authority, the Prescription Medicines Code of Practice Authority (PMCPA), between 2003 and 2012. There were 74 off-label promotion rulings involving 43 companies and 65 drugs.

Posted in Aid & Development, Journal Watch, Policy & Systems | Tagged , | Comments closed

Strategies to Prevent Cholera Introduction during International Personnel Deployments: A…

by Joseph A. Lewnard, Marina Antillón, Gregg Gonsalves, Alice M. Miller, Albert I. Ko, Virginia E.

Posted in Aid & Development, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

“Real-Time” Monitoring of Under-Five Mortality: A Vision Tempered by Reality

by Jennifer Bryce, RMM Working Group

Posted in Infant & Child Health, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged , | Comments closed

“Real-Time” Monitoring of Under-Five Mortality: Lessons for Strengthened Vital Statistics…

by Jennifer Bryce, Agbessi Amouzou, Cesar G. Victora, Gareth Jones, Romesh Silva, Kenneth Hill, Robert E. Black, RMM Working Group

Posted in Infant & Child Health, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged , , | Comments closed

Correction: Changes in Intake of Fruits and Vegetables and Weight Change in United States Men…

by Monica L. Bertoia, Kenneth J. Mukamal, Leah E. Cahill, Tao Hou, David S. Ludwig, Dariush Mozaffarian, Walter C

Posted in Journal Watch, Malnutrition, Noncommunicable Disease | Tagged | Comments closed

Sharing Clinical Trial Data: A Proposal from the International Committee of Medical Journal…

by Darren B. Taichman, Joyce Backus, Christopher Baethge, Howard Bauchner, Peter W. de Leeuw, Jeffrey M. Drazen, John Fletcher, Frank A. Frizelle, Trish Groves, Abraham Haileamlak, Astrid James, Christine Laine, Larry Peiperl, Anja Pinborg, Peush Sahni, Sinan Wu

Posted in Aid & Development, Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Intimate Partner Violence and Depression Symptom Severity among South African Women during…

by Alexander C. Tsai, Mark Tomlinson, W. Scott Comulada, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus Background Violence against women by intimate partners remains unacceptably common worldwide. The evidence base for the assumed psychological impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) is derived primarily from studies conducted in high-income countries. A recently published systematic review identified 13 studies linking IPV to incident depression, none of which were conducted in sub-Saharan Africa

Posted in Journal Watch, Mental Health, Noncommunicable Disease, Women & Children | Tagged , , | Comments closed

“Asymptomatic” Malaria: A Chronic and Debilitating Infection That Should Be Treated

by Ingrid Chen, Siân E. Clarke, Roly Gosling, Busiku Hamainza, Gerry Killeen, Alan Magill, Wendy O’Meara, Ric N. Price, Eleanor M. Riley

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Malaria | Tagged | Comments closed