by Annalijn I. Conklin, Pablo Monsivais, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nicholas J. Wareham, Nita G. Forouhi Background Diet is a key modifiable risk factor for multiple chronic conditions, including type 2 diabetes (T2D). Consuming a range of foods from the five major food groups is advocated as critical to healthy eating, but the association of diversity across major food groups with T2D is not clear and the relationship of within-food-group diversity is unknown
Author Archives: PLoS Medicine
by Mohammed K. Ali, K. M. Venkat Narayan Mohammed Ali and Venkat Narayan describe the challenge of implementing evidence-based interventions for prevention for the large number of people at increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
by Fumiaki Imamura, Renata Micha, Jason H. Y. Wu, Marcia C. de Oliveira Otto, Fadar O. Otite, Ajibola I
by Klodian Dhana, Jana Nano, Symen Ligthart, Anna Peeters, Albert Hofman, Wilma Nusselder, Abbas Dehghan, Oscar H. Franco Background Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Limited evidence exists regarding the effect of excess weight on years lived with and without diabetes. We aimed to determine the association of overweight and obesity with the number of years lived with and without diabetes in a middle-aged and elderly population. Methods and Findings The study included 6,499 individuals (3,656 women) aged 55 y and older from the population-based Rotterdam Study.
by Jenna Panter, David Ogilvie Panter and Ogilvie describe findings that link recreational and commuter cycling with reduced incidence of diabetes.
by Martin White Martin White argues that whole population interventions will be needed in addition to those targeted to people at high risk in order to respond to the global challenge of type 2 diabetes.
by Laura J. Gray, Thomas Yates, Jacqui Troughton, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie J. Davies, The Let’s Prevent Diabetes Team Background Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a global priority. Let’s Prevent Diabetes is a group-based diabetes prevention programme; it was evaluated in a cluster-randomised trial, in which the primary analysis showed a reduction in T2DM (hazard ratio [HR] 0.74, 95% CI 0.48–1.14, p = 0.18). We examined the association of engagement and retention with the Let’s Prevent Diabetes prevention programme and T2DM incidence.
by Martin G. Rasmussen, Anders Grøntved, Kim Blond, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Majken K. Jensen, Lars Østergaard Background Cycling is a recreational activity and mode of commuting with substantial potential to improve public health in many countries around the world. The aim of this study was to examine prospective associations between recreational and commuter cycling, changes in cycling habits, and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Danish adults from the Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study.
by Matthew J. O’Brien, Ji Young Lee, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Ronald T. Ackermann, Maria C.
by Fiona Bragg, Liming Li, Ling Yang, Yu Guo, Yiping Chen, Zheng Bian, Junshi Chen, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Chunmei Wang, Caixia Dong, Rong Pan, Jinyi Zhou, Xin Xu, Zhengming Chen, China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) collaborative group Background In China, diabetes prevalence is rising rapidly, but little is known about the associated risks and population burden of cardiovascular diseases. We assess associations of diabetes with major cardiovascular diseases and the relevance of diabetes duration and other modifiable risk factors to these associations. Methods and Findings A nationwide prospective study recruited 512,891 men and women aged 30–79 y between 25 June 2004 and 15 July 2008 from ten diverse localities across China. During ~7 y of follow-up, 7,353 cardiovascular deaths and 25,451 non-fatal major cardiovascular events were recorded among 488,760 participants without prior cardiovascular disease at baseline. Cox regression yielded adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) comparing disease risks in individuals with diabetes to those without.
by Geng Zong, David M. Eisenberg, Frank B. Hu, Qi Sun Background There has been a trend towards increased dining out in many countries. Consuming food prepared out of the home has been linked to poor diet quality, weight gain, and diabetes risk, but whether having meals prepared at home (MPAH) is associated with risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains unknown. Methods and Findings We followed 58,051 women (from 1986 to 2012) and 41,676 men (from 1986 to 2010) in two prospective cohort studies of health professionals
by Juliana C. N. Chan, Andrea O. Y. Luk In a Perspective, Juliana Chan and Andrea Luk discuss the impact of diabetes in countries around the world, setting the scene for a special issue on diabetes prevention comprising discussion pieces and research reports.
by Carolina Batis, Juan A. Rivera, Barry M. Popkin, Lindsey Smith Taillie Background In an effort to prevent continued increases in obesity and diabetes, in January 2014, the Mexican government implemented an 8% tax on nonessential foods with energy density ≥275 kcal/100 g and a peso-per-liter tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Limited rigorous evaluations of food taxes exist worldwide. The objective of this study was to examine changes in volume of taxed and untaxed packaged food purchases in response to these taxes in the entire sample and stratified by socioeconomic status (SES)
by Benjamin Kasenda, Erik von Elm, John J. You, Anette Blümle, Yuki Tomonaga, Ramon Saccilotto, Alain Amstutz, Theresa Bengough, Joerg J. Meerpohl, Mihaela Stegert, Kelechi K. Olu, Kari A.