Author Archives: PLoS Medicine

Blue Marble Health: A Call for Papers

by Peter J. Hotez, Larry Peiperl

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Urbanicity and Lifestyle Risk Factors for Cardiometabolic Diseases in Rural Uganda: A…

by Johanna Riha, Alex Karabarinde, Gerald Ssenyomo, Steven Allender, Gershim Asiki, Anatoli Kamali, Elizabeth H. Young, Manjinder S. Sandhu, Janet Seeley Background Urban living is associated with unhealthy lifestyles that can increase the risk of cardiometabolic diseases. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where the majority of people live in rural areas, it is still unclear if there is a corresponding increase in unhealthy lifestyles as rural areas adopt urban characteristics. This study examines the distribution of urban characteristics across rural communities in Uganda and their associations with lifestyle risk factors for chronic diseases.

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Correction: Cesarean Section and Rate of Subsequent Stillbirth, Miscarriage, and Ectopic…

by The PLOS Medicine Staff

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Mortality after Parental Death in Childhood: A Nationwide Cohort Study from Three Nordic…

by Jiong Li, Mogens Vestergaard, Sven Cnattingius, Mika Gissler, Bodil Hammer Bech, Carsten Obel, Jørn Olsen Background Bereavement by spousal death and child death in adulthood has been shown to lead to an increased risk of mortality. Maternal death in infancy or parental death in early childhood may have an impact on mortality but evidence has been limited to short-term or selected causes of death. Little is known about long-term or cause-specific mortality after parental death in childhood. Methods and Findings This cohort study included all persons born in Denmark from 1968 to 2008 (n = 2,789,807) and in Sweden from 1973 to 2006 (n = 3,380,301), and a random sample of 89.3% of all born in Finland from 1987 to 2007 (n = 1,131,905).

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Association of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic…

by Giovanni Musso, Roberto Gambino, James H. Tabibian, Mattias Ekstedt, Stergios Kechagias, Masahide Hamaguchi, Rolf Hultcrantz, Hannes Hagström, Seung Kew Yoon, Phunchai Charatcharoenwitthaya, Jacob George, Francisco Barrera, Svanhildur Hafliðadóttir, Einar Stefan Björnsson, Matthew J. Armstrong, Laurence J. Hopkins, Xin Gao, Sven Francque, An Verrijken, Yusuf Yilmaz, Keith D. Lindor, Michael Charlton, Robin Haring, Markus M

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Does Diagnosing Fatty Liver and Chronic Kidney Disease Do More Good Than Harm?

by Druin Burch

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The Importance of Implementation Strategy in Scaling Up Xpert MTB/RIF for Diagnosis of…

by Henrik Salje, Jason R. Andrews, Sarang Deo, Srinath Satyanarayana, Amanda Y. Sun, Madhukar Pai, David W. Dowdy Background India has announced a goal of universal access to quality tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment. A number of novel diagnostics could help meet this important goal

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Severe Maternal Sepsis in the UK, 2011–2012: A National Case-Control Study

by Colleen D. Acosta, Jennifer J. Kurinczuk, D. Nuala Lucas, Derek J. Tuffnell, Susan Sellers, Marian Knight, on behalf of the United Kingdom Obstetric Surveillance System Background In light of increasing rates and severity of sepsis worldwide, this study aimed to estimate the incidence of, and describe the causative organisms, sources of infection, and risk factors for, severe maternal sepsis in the UK.

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Improving the Transparency of Prognosis Research: The Role of Reporting, Data Sharing,…

by George Peat, Richard D. Riley, Peter Croft, Katherine I. Morley, Panayiotis A. Kyzas, Karel G.

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Association between Class III Obesity (BMI of 40–59 kg/m2) and Mortality: A Pooled Analysis…

by Cari M. Kitahara, Alan J. Flint, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Leslie Bernstein, Michelle Brotzman, Robert J. MacInnis, Steven C. Moore, Kim Robien, Philip S

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Cesarean Section and Rate of Subsequent Stillbirth, Miscarriage, and Ectopic Pregnancy: A…

by Sinéad M. O’Neill, Esben Agerbo, Louise C. Kenny, Tine B. Henriksen, Patricia M. Kearney, Richard A

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Effects of BMI, Fat Mass, and Lean Mass on Asthma in Childhood: A Mendelian Randomization Study

by Raquel Granell, A. John Henderson, David M. Evans, George Davey Smith, Andrew R. Ness, Sarah Lewis, Tom M. Palmer, Jonathan A.

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Using Evidence to Combat Overdiagnosis and Overtreatment: Evaluating Treatments, Tests, and…

by Ray Moynihan, David Henry, Karel G. M. Moons

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Correction: Psychosocial Interventions for Perinatal Common Mental Disorders Delivered by…

by The PLOS Medicine Staff

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