Author Archives: PLoSNTDs

<i>Clonorchis sinensis</i> antigens alter hepatic macrophage polarization…

by Eun-Min Kim, You Shine Kwak, Myung-Hee YI, Ju Yeong Kim, Woon-Mok Sohn, Tai-Soon Yong Clonorchis sinensis infection elicits hepatic inflammation, which can lead to cholangitis, periductal hepatic fibrosis, liver cirrhosis, and even cholangiocarcinoma. Hepatic macrophages are an intrinsic element of both innate and acquired immunity. This study was conducted to demonstrate the dynamics of hepatic macrophage polarization during C.

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“We do not bury dead livestock like human beings”: Community behaviors and risk of Rift…

by Edna N. Mutua, Salome A.

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The impact of health promotion on trachoma knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) of staff in…

by Fiona D. Lange, Kelly Jones, Rebecca Ritte, Haley E. Brown, Hugh R

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Using G6PD tests to enable the safe treatment of <i>Plasmodium vivax</i> infections…

by Angela Devine, Minnie Parmiter, Cindy S. Chu, Germana Bancone, François Nosten, Ric N. Price, Yoel Lubell, Shunmay Yeung Background Primaquine is the only licensed antimalarial for the radical cure of Plasmodium vivax infections.

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MiR-277/4989 regulate transcriptional landscape during juvenile to adult transition in the…

by Anna V. Protasio, Stijn van Dongen, Julie Collins, Leonor Quintais, Diogo M.

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Highly conserved type 1 pili promote enterotoxigenic E. coli pathogen-host interactions

by Alaullah Sheikh, Rasheduzzaman Rashu, Yasmin Ara Begum, F. Matthew Kuhlman, Matthew A.

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Monitoring the elimination of human African trypanosomiasis: Update to 2014

by José R. Franco, Giuliano Cecchi, Gerardo Priotto, Massimo Paone, Abdoulaye Diarra, Lise Grout, Raffaele C.

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Dengue in Bali: Clinical characteristics and genetic diversity of circulating dengue viruses

by Dewi Megawati, Sri Masyeni, Benediktus Yohan, Asri Lestarini, Rahma F. Hayati, Febrina Meutiawati, Ketut Suryana, Tangking Widarsa, Dewa G. Budiyasa, Ngurah Budiyasa, Khin S.

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Measuring changes in transmission of neglected tropical diseases, malaria, and enteric…

by Benjamin F. Arnold, Mark J. van der Laan, Alan E.

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Detecting infection hotspots: Modeling the surveillance challenge for elimination of lymphatic…

by Julie R. Harris, Ryan E.

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The phylogeography of <i>Myotis</i> bat-associated rabies viruses across Canada

by Susan Nadin-Davis, Noor Alnabelseya, M. Kimberly Knowles As rabies in carnivores is increasingly controlled throughout much of the Americas, bats are emerging as a significant source of rabies virus infection of humans and domestic animals. Knowledge of the bat species that maintain rabies is a crucial first step in reducing this public health problem.

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Single-sex infection with female <i>Schistosoma mansoni</i> cercariae mitigates…

by Nicole Koslowski, Martina Sombetzki, Micha Loebermann, Robby Engelmann, Niels Grabow, Christoph H. Österreicher, Michael Trauner, Brigitte Mueller-Hilke, Emil C.

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<i>w</i>Mel limits zika and chikungunya virus infection in a Singapore…

by Cheong Huat Tan, PeiSze Jeslyn Wong, Meizhi Irene LI, HuiTing Yang, Lee Ching Ng, Scott Leslie O’Neill Background Zika (ZIKV) and Chikungunya (CHIKV) viruses are emerging Aedes-borne viruses that are spreading outside their known geographic range and causing wide-scale epidemics. It has been reported that these viruses can be transmitted efficiently by Ae. aegypti.

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Neotropical bats that co-habit with humans function as dead-end hosts for dengue virus

by Amanda Vicente-Santos, Andres Moreira-Soto, Claudio Soto-Garita, Luis Guillermo Chaverri, Andrea Chaves, Jan Felix Drexler, Juan Alberto Morales, Alejandro Alfaro-Alarcón, Bernal Rodríguez-Herrera, Eugenia Corrales-Aguilar Several studies have shown Dengue Virus (DENV) nucleic acids and/or antibodies present in Neotropical wildlife including bats, suggesting that some bat species may be susceptible to DENV infection. Here we aim to elucidate the role of house-roosting bats in the DENV transmission cycle. Bats were sampled in households located in high and low dengue incidence regions during rainy and dry seasons in Costa Rica

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