Author Archives: ScienceSpeaks

Global health data review finds no country on track to end TB incidence by 2030, vast majority…

Categories: U.S. Policy and FundingProjections based on  current burdens of disease, along with data from the preceding 26 years, show both vast inequalities of progress, as well as the likelihood of limited success across both wealthy and low-income countries in meeting specific goals to improve health care and health access around the world by 2030. The projections from a […](Read more…)

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What we’re reading: Insights on global health policy, and why, when funding doesn’t support…

Categories: What we’re readingGoalkeepers: The stories behind the data – A companion piece to the data-dense Lancet review of health-related goals for 2030  released Tuesday, the stories behind the data told here focus on policies and practices that are pushing progress — through patient-focused health services, targeted use of new technologies, and greater investments — now. While acknowledging […](Read more…)

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Researchers track spread of HIV among migrants in Athens to inform, improve prevention and…

Categories: UncategorizedWhen Athens saw HIV incidence begin to climb steeply in 2011, a familiar pattern emerged — the rate of new infections among migrants was disproportionate, and migrants were also likelier to be diagnosed later. To researchers who had tracked HIV impacts among migrants across Europe, this wasn’t surprising, authors of a report in Clinical Infectious […](Read more…)

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What we’re reading: Geospatial analysis of HIV

Categories: What we’re readingThe following is a guest post by John Spencer of MEASURE Evaluation. “How do we reach people needing HIV treatment?” “What towns and communities should be prioritized to help stem the spread of HIV?” Each year, PEPFAR teams around the world ask questions like these as they decide which programs to prioritize. It’s worth taking […](Read more…)

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One year after recovery, Ebola survivors likelier than peers to suffer disabilities

Categories: U.S. Policy and FundingProblems that included compromised vision, mobility, memory and concentration, as well as depression, anxiety and fatigue dogged Ebola survivors a year after their illnesses at rates significantly higher than among people close to them who had not been sick, a study reported in Clinical Infectious Diseases has found. The study examined rates of disabling challenges […](Read more…)

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IAS 2017: A new $90-$90-$90 — that means affordable treatments for leading disease killers

Categories: IAS 2017PARIS – The math is not complicated: Take the cost of a drug’s active ingredient, add the “conversion” cost — that is the cost of turning that drug into a tablet — add costs for taxes, packaging, and tack on a 10 percent profit. The sum of that equation, Dr. Dzintars Gotham said here Tuesday, can […](Read more…)

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IAS 2017: Expanded treatment guidelines expand access to many without harms to those already in…

Categories: IAS 2017PARIS – Expanding treatment eligibility under new treatment guidelines in Zambia led to increases in initiation, retention and the percentage of people in care without negative effects on those already in care, a presenter from CIDRZ, the Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, said today. Aaloke Mody was presenting the findings from a study […](Read more…)

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IAS 2017: X-DR TB emerges in 1990s in South Africa fueled by HIV

Categories: IAS 2017PARIS – Extensively drug resistant tuberculosis emerged and was widely transmitted in South Africa long before it was spotted by public health surveillance efforts, and at least a decade earlier than the first reported outbreak in 2005, a  presentation Monday showed. The start of the spread was , concurrent with the steep rise in both HIV and […](Read more…)

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IAS 2017: Knocking down barriers between services and populations facing highest risks, lowest…

Categories: IAS 2017PARIS – From a social worker in Botswana who tackles bureaucracies and prejudice to help her clients get the papers, income, and respect they need to access services, to a Kenyan nurse counselor who told an audience that she has learned to put her professional ethics ahead of her “personal and religious values,” to support […](Read more…)

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WHO sets stage of for global ministerial TB conference, seeks input on declaration

Categories: TBNovember Moscow conference will inform 2018 United Nations high level meeting When ministers of health and leaders of other government offices and agencies worldwide gather in Moscow this November for a Global Ministerial Conference on Ending TB, they will face the task of agreeing to make enough changes to what they are doing now to […](Read more…)

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Advanced illness at HIV treatment start is dropping in some countries surveyed, still seen in a…

Categories: HIV/AIDSThe prevalence of advanced HIV among people beginning antiretroviral treatment has declined in eight of 10 resource-constrained countries surveyed, while median immune cell counts went up — indicating less weakened immune systems — in six countries, indicating improved access to testing and treatment, but still, about one third of patients starting treatment during the time […](Read more…)

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Survey found pregnant women in Puerto Rico concerned about spread of Zika, took some, but not…

Categories: U.S. Policy and FundingBy August 2016 the connection between Zika virus infection during pregnancy and severe debilitating neurological birth defects among infants had been confirmed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention four months earlier, and experts had termed the spread of the virus in Puerto Rico “explosive.” The needs to confront the virus effectively on […](Read more…)

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Bedaquiline effective, safe, manageable across wide range of settings, five-continent data show

Categories: UncategorizedData on patients treated with one of the two newest tuberculosis medicines in 15 countries across five continents show that the treatment, which represents a last resort for hundreds of thousands of people with drug-resistant strains of disease, can be administered safely in a wide range of settings, and bring greatly improved outcomes compared to […](Read more…)

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Office of AIDS Research gets a shout out — and a $544 million cut in NIH budget…

Categories: HIV/AIDSCiting priorities of HIV research slated to lose hundreds of millions of dollars, dispatching the Fogarty International Center while extolling its contributions, document released by National Institutes of Health director tallies steep and devastating cuts without explanation ” . . .the HIV epidemic represents the most serious health crisis of our time, a critical and […](Read more…)

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