Author Archives: ScienceSpeaks

IAS 2017: A new $90-$90-$90 — that means affordable treatments for leading disease killers

Categories: IAS 2017PARIS – The math is not complicated: Take the cost of a drug’s active ingredient, add the “conversion” cost — that is the cost of turning that drug into a tablet — add costs for taxes, packaging, and tack on a 10 percent profit. The sum of that equation, Dr. Dzintars Gotham said here Tuesday, can […](Read more…)

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IAS 2017: Expanded treatment guidelines expand access to many without harms to those already in…

Categories: IAS 2017PARIS – Expanding treatment eligibility under new treatment guidelines in Zambia led to increases in initiation, retention and the percentage of people in care without negative effects on those already in care, a presenter from CIDRZ, the Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, said today. Aaloke Mody was presenting the findings from a study […](Read more…)

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IAS 2017: X-DR TB emerges in 1990s in South Africa fueled by HIV

Categories: IAS 2017PARIS – Extensively drug resistant tuberculosis emerged and was widely transmitted in South Africa long before it was spotted by public health surveillance efforts, and at least a decade earlier than the first reported outbreak in 2005, a  presentation Monday showed. The start of the spread was , concurrent with the steep rise in both HIV and […](Read more…)

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IAS 2017: Knocking down barriers between services and populations facing highest risks, lowest…

Categories: IAS 2017PARIS – From a social worker in Botswana who tackles bureaucracies and prejudice to help her clients get the papers, income, and respect they need to access services, to a Kenyan nurse counselor who told an audience that she has learned to put her professional ethics ahead of her “personal and religious values,” to support […](Read more…)

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WHO sets stage of for global ministerial TB conference, seeks input on declaration

Categories: TBNovember Moscow conference will inform 2018 United Nations high level meeting When ministers of health and leaders of other government offices and agencies worldwide gather in Moscow this November for a Global Ministerial Conference on Ending TB, they will face the task of agreeing to make enough changes to what they are doing now to […](Read more…)

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Advanced illness at HIV treatment start is dropping in some countries surveyed, still seen in a…

Categories: HIV/AIDSThe prevalence of advanced HIV among people beginning antiretroviral treatment has declined in eight of 10 resource-constrained countries surveyed, while median immune cell counts went up — indicating less weakened immune systems — in six countries, indicating improved access to testing and treatment, but still, about one third of patients starting treatment during the time […](Read more…)

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Survey found pregnant women in Puerto Rico concerned about spread of Zika, took some, but not…

Categories: U.S. Policy and FundingBy August 2016 the connection between Zika virus infection during pregnancy and severe debilitating neurological birth defects among infants had been confirmed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention four months earlier, and experts had termed the spread of the virus in Puerto Rico “explosive.” The needs to confront the virus effectively on […](Read more…)

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Bedaquiline effective, safe, manageable across wide range of settings, five-continent data show

Categories: UncategorizedData on patients treated with one of the two newest tuberculosis medicines in 15 countries across five continents show that the treatment, which represents a last resort for hundreds of thousands of people with drug-resistant strains of disease, can be administered safely in a wide range of settings, and bring greatly improved outcomes compared to […](Read more…)

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Office of AIDS Research gets a shout out — and a $544 million cut in NIH budget…

Categories: HIV/AIDSCiting priorities of HIV research slated to lose hundreds of millions of dollars, dispatching the Fogarty International Center while extolling its contributions, document released by National Institutes of Health director tallies steep and devastating cuts without explanation ” . . .the HIV epidemic represents the most serious health crisis of our time, a critical and […](Read more…)

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Tracking patients raises numbers returning to antiretroviral treatment — but tracking the…

Categories: HIV/AIDSWhen community health workers went looking for patients who had started antiretroviral treatment but had stopped showing up for care at 14 clinics across Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania, 13 percent of those sought returned to treatment. That represented a significant, if still small improvement over the 10 percent who returned for care when no effort […](Read more…)

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It’s time for a new question in disease outbreaks

Categories: U.S. Policy and FundingThe following is a guest post by Brittany Iskarpatyoti, MPH, of MEASURE Evaluation. Diseases are not blind to gender. Many of them biologically prefer or are more in contact with one sex over another: be it male rice field workers occupationally exposed to leptospirosis[i] or school-age girls exposed to schistosomiasis when fetching water.[ii] Unfortunately, the […](Read more…)

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Global gag rule spelled out, restricting services, support and resources, turning recipients…

Categories: U.S. Policy and FundingThe foreign-aid restricting policy known as the Global Gag Rule for its intended impact on medical services offered to women in resource-limited countries, re-emerged this week in its new, sweeping form with restrictions to funding and activities of a greatly expanded range of health, and health-related service providers spelled out in detail in USAID’s Standard Provisions for […](Read more…)

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Trump budget proposes to gut research, responses that counter disease threats at home and…

Categories: Transition 2017, Transition 2017, Science funding, U.S. Policy and FundingAdministration details deep cuts to CDC domestic and global health programs, steep drops in National Institutes of Health funding, and a retreat from efforts to find and control outbreaks where they start . . . and calls it “Putting America’s Health First” Work led by the United States to prevent, detect, treat and control diseases, […](Read more…)

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We’re reading about a new WHO leader with a vision of health care for all, and a very…

Categories: What we’re readingThe World Health Assembly election this week of Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus to be the next Director General of the World Health Organization followed the release of the Trump administration’s budget proposal by one day. That led to overlapping discussions of two starkly irreconcilable views of the role that access to health care plays in a […](Read more…)

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