Publication date: May 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 108 Author(s): Robyn Donrovich , Sven Drefahl , Ilona Koupil This paper investigates the relationship between early life biological and social factors, partnership history, and mortality risk.
Author Archives: Social Science and Medicine
Publication date: May 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 108 Author(s): Patrick Harris , Peter Sainsbury , Lynn Kemp Purpose and setting The last decade has seen increased use of health impact assessment (HIA) to influence public policies developed outside the Health sector.
Publication date: May 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 108 Author(s): Carter Rees , Danielle Wallace Adolescent peer groups with pro-drinking group norms are a well-established source of influence for alcohol initiation and use.
Publication date: May 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 108 Author(s): Siri Suh Boundary work refers to the strategies deployed by professionals in the arenas of the public, the law and the workplace to define and defend jurisdictional authority.
Publication date: May 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 108 Author(s): Barbara Wolfe , Jieun Song , Jan S. Greenberg , Marsha R. Mailick Developmental disabilities and severe mental illness are costly to the affected individual and frequently to their family as well. Little studied are their nondisabled siblings.
Publication date: May 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 108 Author(s): Martin Siegel , Verena Vogt , Leonie Sundmacher Individual socio-economic status and the respective socio-economic and political contexts are both important determinants of health. Welfare regimes may be linked with health and health inequalities through two potential pathways: first, they may influence the associations between socio-economic status and health. Second, they may influence the income-related distributions of socio-economic determinants of health within a society. Using the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) for the years 1994–2011, we analyze how income-related health inequalities evolved in the context of the transformation from a conservative to a liberal welfare system in Germany.
Publication date: Available online 3 March 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Heike Hennig-Schmidt , Daniel Wiesen Other-regarding motivation is a fundamental determinant of public service provision. In health care, one example is physicians who act benevolently towards their patients when providing medical services. Such patient-regarding motivation seems closely associated with a personal sacrifice that health service providers are willing to make. Surprisingly, evidence on physicians’ motivation is rare.
Publication date: Available online 4 March 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Frank Pega , Kristie Carter , Ichiro Kawachi , Peter Davis , Tony Blakely It is hypothesised that unconditional (given without obligation) publicly funded financial credits more effectively improve health than conditional financial credits in high-income countries. We previously reported no discernible short-term impact of an employment-conditional tax credit for families on self-rated health (SRH) in adults in New Zealand. This study estimates the effect of an unconditional tax credit for families, called Family Tax Credit (FTC), on SRH in the same study population and setting. A balanced panel of 6,900 adults in families was extracted from seven waves (2002-2009) of the Survey of Family, Income and Employment. The exposures, eligibility for and amount of FTC, were derived by applying government eligibility and entitlement criteria.
Publication date: April 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 107 Author(s): Jane Elliott , Catharine R. Gale , Samantha Parsons , Diana Kuh There is now a body of evidence that demonstrates strong links between neighbourhood characteristics and mental health and wellbeing. There is an increasing interest in how this relationship varies for individuals of different ages. Understanding the link between neighbourhood and wellbeing for older adults is of particular significance, given the changing age structure of the population and the desire among policy makers and practitioners to promote healthy and active ageing. This paper provides further evidence on the nature and strength of the link between individual perceptions of neighbourhood belonging and mental wellbeing among those over age fifty using both qualitative and quantitative data from three British cohort studies
Publication date: April 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 107 Author(s): Felicity Kate Boardman The expressivist objection to prenatal testing is acknowledged as a significant critique of prenatal testing practices most commonly advanced by disability rights supporters. Such writers argue that prenatal testing and selective termination practices are objectionable as they express disvalue not only of the foetus being tested, but also of disabled people as a whole, by focusing exclusively on the disabling trait. While the objection has been widely critiqued on the basis of its theoretical incoherence, this paper highlights the way in which it, nevertheless, is a significant mediator in decisions around the use of reproductive genetic technologies. By drawing on 41 in-depth qualitative interviews (drawn from a sample of 61) conducted in the UK between 2007 and 2009 with families and individuals living with a genetic disease, Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA), this paper highlights the ways in which expressivist objections feature prominently in the reproductive decisions of families living with SMA and the significant emotional burden they represent. While the literature on the expressivist objection has focused on the reproductive decisions of those undergoing prenatal testing for a condition of which they have little (or no) prior knowledge, the context of intimate familial relationships and extensive experience with the tested-for condition fundamentally alters the nature and impact of expressivist objections within families living with an inheritable condition.
Publication date: April 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 106 Author(s): Hendrik P. van Dalen , Kène Henkens The ability of patients in many parts of the world to benefit from transplantation is limited by growing shortages of transplantable organs. The choice architecture of donation systems is said to play a pivotal role in explaining this gap. In this paper we examine the question how different defaults affect the decision to register as organ donor. Three defaults in organ donation systems are compared: mandated choice, presumed consent and explicit consent.
Publication date: April 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 106 Author(s): Heather Came Although New Zealanders have historically prided ourselves on being a country where everyone has a ‘fair go’, the systemic and longstanding existence of health inequities between Māori and non-Māori suggests something isn’t working. This paper informed by critical race theory, asks the reader to consider the counter narrative viewpoints of Māori health leaders; that suggest institutional racism has permeated public health policy making in New Zealand and is a contributor to health inequities alongside colonisation and uneven access to the determinants of health. Using a mixed methods approach and critical anti-racism scholarship this paper identifies five specific sites of institutional racism. These sites are: majoritarian decision making, the misuse of evidence, deficiencies in both cultural competencies and consultation processes and the impact of Crown filters.