Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Pain and Alcohol Consumption among Older Adults: Findings from the World Health Organization…

Objective To investigate cross-sectional associations between self-reported recent pain and alcohol use/abstinence, and previous-day pain and previous-week alcohol consumption in adults aged 50+ in six low-and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed

Psychological Interventions for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in People Living with HIV in…

Objective Posttraumatic stress disorder is pervasive in low and middle-income countries.

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed

Actual and Predicted Prevalence of Alcohol Consumption during Pregnancy in the WHO African…

Objective To estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption and binge drinking during pregnancy among the general population in the WHO African Region, by country.

Posted in Journal Watch, Maternal & Reproductive Health, Noncommunicable Disease, Tobacco, alcohol, & drugs, Women & Children | Tagged , | Comments closed

Evaluation on the efficiencies of county-level Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in…

Objectives The Chinese government has greatly increased funding for disease control and prevention since the 2003 Severe Acute Respiration Syndrome crisis, but it is also concerned whether these increased resources have been used efficiently to improve public health services.

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A climate-based prediction model in the high-risk clusters of the Mekong Delta Region, Vietnam:…

Objective To develop a prediction score scheme useful for prevention practitioners and authorities to implement dengue preparedness and controls in the Mekong Delta Region (MDR).

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Tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacteria among HIV-infected individuals in Ghana

Objectives To assess the prevalence and clinical importance of previously unrecognised tuberculosis (TB) and isolation of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) among HIV-infected individuals in a teaching hospital in Ghana.

Posted in HIV/AIDS, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Tuberculosis | Tagged , , , | Comments closed

Results of clubfoot treatment after manipulation and casting using the Ponseti method:…

Objectives To evaluate the outcomes of the Ponseti manipulation and casting method for clubfoot in a tertiary hospital in Zimbabwe and explore predictors of these outcomes.

Posted in Journal Watch, Noncommunicable Disease | Tagged | Comments closed

The Paediatric Admission Quality of Care (PAQC) score: designing a tool to measure the quality…

Background Evaluating clinician compliance with recommended steps in clinical guidelines provides one measure of quality of process of care but can result in a multiplicity of indicators across illnesses, making it problematic to produce any summative picture of process quality, information that may be most useful to policy-makers and managers.

Posted in Infant & Child Health, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged , | Comments closed

Appropriate targeting of artemisinin-based combination therapy by community health workers…

Objective To compare the impact of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDTs), used by Community Health Workers (CHWs), on the proportion of children < 5 years of age receiving appropriately targeted treatment with ACT, to presumptive treatment.

Posted in Health Workforce, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Malaria, Policy & Systems | Tagged , | Comments closed

Stable patients and patients with advanced disease: consensus definitions to support sustained…

Objective As guidelines are evolving towards recommending starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) in all HIV-positive individuals irrespective of clinical and immunological status, HIV programmes will be challenged to manage an increasingly diverse set of patient needs.

Posted in Delivery, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Noncommunicable Disease, Policy & Systems | Tagged | Comments closed

Impact of ART on the Fertility of HIV-Positive Women in Sub-Saharan Africa

Objective Understanding the fertility of HIV-positive women is critical to estimating HIV epidemic trends from surveillance data and planning resource needs and coverage of prevention-of-mother-to-child transmission services in sub-Saharan Africa.

Posted in HIV/AIDS, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch | Tagged , | Comments closed

Intensive adherence counselling for HIV-infected individuals failing second-line antiretroviral…

Objective In resource-limited settings, where genotypic drug resistance testing is rarely performed and poor adherence is the most common reason for treatment failure, programmatic approaches to handling treatment failure are essential.

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Rhinovirus Species and Clinical Features in Children Hospitalized with Pneumonia from…

Objectives To describe the prevalence of human rhinovirus (RV) species in children hospitalized with pneumonia in Manhia, Mozambique; and the associations between RV species and demographic, clinical, and laboratory features.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Research | Tagged , | Comments closed

Evaluation of syndromic management guidelines for treatment of sexually transmitted infections…

Objective To evaluate the performance of three different guidelines for the management of vaginal discharge syndrome (VDS) for women living in a rural setting in South Africa.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Neglected Tropical Diseases | Tagged | Comments closed