Objective To present evidence from available reliable published data on the prevalence, incidence and severity of diarrhoea in children aged under-five years in South Africa.
Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health
This paper reviews the practice and ritual traditions of infant oral mutilation, drawing on a literature search in PubMed and Google Scholar, historical reports, relevant textbooks, NGO materials and personal observations of the authors.
Objective To determine the prevalence of hypoxaemia among under-five children admitted to hospital with clinical severe pneumonia, and to assess the performance to diagnose hypoxaemia of models based on clinical signs.
Seroepidemiology, the use of data on the prevalence of bio-markers of infection or vaccination, is a potentially powerful tool to understand the epidemiology of infection before vaccination and to monitor the effectiveness of vaccination programs.
Objectives As the scale of the South African HIV epidemic calls for innovative models of care that improve accessibility for patients while overcoming chronic human resource shortages, we (1) assess the cost-effectiveness of lay health worker-led group adherence clubs, in comparison to a nurse-driven standard of care, and (2) describe and evaluate the associated patient cost and accessibility differences.
Objective To evaluate the association between vitamin D status and diarrhoeal episodes by enterotoxigenic (ETEC), enterpathogenic (EPEC) and enteroaggregative (EAEC) E.
Objectives To estimate out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure due to hospitalization from NCDs and its impact on households in India.
Objectives To explore the advantages and challenges of working with the Good Clinical Practice (GCP) ICH E6 guideline and its interpretation from the perspective of clinical trial teams based in sub-Saharan Africa.
In the health profession hierarchy, public health is a poor cousin of clinical medicine, regarded at best as worthy but dull, and at worst as lacking in intellectual merit – it’s not brain surgery.
Objective Infants born to HIV-infected women receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) can breastfeed through at least 6 months with very low risk of HIV acquisition.
Objective A critical shortage of human resources for health in Zambia remains a great challenge.
Objectives To investigate the prevalence of previously-undiagnosed active tuberculosis (TB) cases among prisoners in Malaysia’s largest prison using an intensified TB case-finding strategy.
Objective To explore associations of environmental and demographic factors with diarrhoea and nutritional status among children in Rusizi district, Rwanda.
Objective To assess follow-up and programmatic outcomes of HIV-exposed infants at Martin Preuss Centre, Lilongwe, from 2012 to 2014.