Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Effects of planned, mistimed and unwant ed pregnancies on the use of prenatal health services…

Objectives We analysed the extent of planned, mistimed and unwanted pregnancies and how they predict optimal use of prenatal (timing and number of antenatal) care services in 30 African countries.

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Plasmodium falciparum infection in febrile Congolese children: prevalence of clinical malaria…

Objectives To investigate the proportion of malaria infection in febrile children consulting a pediatric hospital in Brazzaville, to determine the prevalence of submicroscopic malaria infection, to characterize Plasmodium falciparum infection and compare the prevalence of uncomplicated P.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Malaria | Tagged | Comments closed

Impact of the introduction of mandatory generic substitution in South Africa: private sector…

Objective To assess the impact of mandatory offer of generic substitution, introduced in South Africa in May 2003, on private sector sales of generic and originator medicines for chronic diseases.

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Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1) and cytokine gene variants in…

Background Malaria elicits inflammatory responses, which, if not well regulated, may exert detrimental effects.

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Predictable threats to public health through delaying universal access to innovative medicines…

The new interferon-free direct-acting antiviral (DAAs) treatment combinations have with the potential to provide a cure for Hepatitis C Virus patients and stop the pandemic, but their high prices keep treatment out of reach for most patients in Low- and Middle-Income countries, and the access strategies voluntarily put in place by some pharmaceutical companies remain insufficient to provide treatment to all those in need.

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Is pregnancy a teachable moment to promote handwashing with soap among primiparous women in…

Objective Promoting handwashing with soap to mothers of young children can significantly reduce diarrhea and pneumonia morbidity among children, but studies that measured long term behavior after interventions rarely found improvements in handwashing habits.

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Monitoring clinical trials: A practical guide

This paper describes the processes and procedures involved in planning, conducting and reporting monitoring activities for large clinical trials of investigational medicinal products, focusing on those conducted in resource-limited settings.

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Independent and combined effects of maternal smoking and solid fuel on infant and child…

Objective To estimate the independent and combined risks of infant and child mortality associated with maternal smoking and use of solid fuel in sub-Saharan Africa.

Posted in Infant & Child Health, Journal Watch, Maternal & Reproductive Health, Women & Children | Tagged , , , | Comments closed

Pregnancy and childbirth after repair of obstetric fistula in sub-Saharan Africa: Scoping…

Objective To synthesise the evidence on pregnancy and childbirth after repair of obstetric fistula in sub-Saharan Africa and to identify the existing knowledge gaps.

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Occupational hazards of traditional healers: Repeated unprotected blood exposures risk…

Objective Healers provide support for acute and chronic illnesses in rural Mozambique, such as socially acceptable traditional vaccinations (subcutaneous cuts in the skin to rub herbs directly into the bloody lesion).

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El Nio-based malaria epidemic warning for Oromia, Ethiopia for August 2016 to July 2017

Objective Tropical highland malaria intensifies and shifts to higher altitudes during exceptionally warm years.

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Measuring domestic water use: a systematic review of methodologies that measure unmetered water…

Objective To present a systematic review of methods for measuring domestic water use in settings where water meters cannot be used.

Posted in Aid & Development, Journal Watch, WASH | Tagged | Comments closed

Assessing the impact of defining a global priority research agenda to address HIV-associated…

Objectives In 2010, the WHO issued 77 priority research questions (PRQs) to address HIV-associated TB.

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Scoping review: Strategies of providing care for children with chronic health conditions in…

Objectives To identify and review strategies of providing care for children living with chronic health conditions in low- and middle-income countries.

Posted in Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged | Comments closed