Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Comparison of haematology and biochemistry parameters in healthy South African infants with…

Objective Paediatric laboratory reference intervals used in Africa and Asia may be derived from historical intervals of predominantly Caucasian infants in Europe or North America.

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The association between female genital fistula symptoms and gender-based violence: A…

Objective The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), which include standardized questions on female genital fistula symptoms, provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the epidemiology of fistula.

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Differential contribution of interleukin-10 promoter variants in malaria and schistosomiasis…

Objective Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine produced by Th1 cells and macrophages.

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Neurodevelopmental Outcome of HIV- exposed but uninfected infants in the Mother and Infants…

Objectives To compare neurodevelopmental outcomes of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) and HIV-unexposed uninfected (HUU) infants in a peri-urban South African population.

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Comparing the behavioral impact of a nudge-based handwashing intervention to high-intensity…

Objective To determine the impact of environmental nudges on handwashing behaviors among primary school children as compared to a high-intensity hygiene education intervention.

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Prevalence and characterization of Staphylococcus aureus causing community-acquired skin and…

Objectives To define the role of Staphylococcus aureus in community settings among patients with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) in Indonesia.

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Malaria exacerbates inflammation-associated elevation in ferritin and soluble transferrin…

Objective In 4-8-year-old Zambian children (n=744), we evaluated the effects of adjusting for inflammation (1-acid glycoprotein > 1 g/L), with or without additional adjustment for malaria, on prevalence estimates of iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) during low malaria (LowM) and high malaria (HighM) transmission seasons.

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Can E. coli fly? The role of flies as transmitters of Escherichia coli to food in an urban slum…

Objective To investigate the transmission of fecal bacteria by flies to food under natural settings.

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Enteric Infections in Young Children are Associated with Environmental Enteropathy and Impaired…

Objective To investigate the relationship between fecal contamination in child play spaces, enteric infections, environmental enteropathy (EE), and impaired growth among young children.

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Viraemia before, during and after pregnancy in HIV-infected women on antiretroviral therapy in…

Objectives Pregnancy and postpartum viral load suppression is critical to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission and ensure maternal health.

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Exogenous factors matter when interpreting the results of an impact evaluation: A case study of…

Objective Public health interventions are often implemented at large scale and their evaluation seems to be difficult because they are usually multiple and their pathways to effect are complex and subject to modification by contextual factors.

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Cost-effectiveness of liposomal amphotericin B in hospitalized patients with mucocutaneous…

Objective To compare the cost-effectiveness of L-AmB with that of SbV and AmB-D, for the treatment of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in a hospital in northeast Brazil.

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Cost of visceral leishmaniasis care in Brazil

Objective To estimate the Brazilian direct and indirect costs of human visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in 2014.

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Is hearing impairment associated with HIV? A systematic review of data from low and…

Objectives To systematically review evidence on the prevalence and characteristics of hearing impairment among children and adults living with HIV in low and middle-income countries (LMIC).

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