Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Maternal obesity and caesarean delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa

Objectives To quantify maternal obesity as a risk factor for caesarean delivery in sub-Saharan Africa.

Posted in Infant & Child Health, Journal Watch, Malnutrition & Obesity, Maternal & Reproductive Health, Noncommunicable Disease, Women & Children | Tagged , , | Comments closed

HIV-free survival at 12 – 24 months in breastfed infants of HIV-infected women on ART

Objective To provide estimates of HIV-free survival at 12-24 months in breastfed children by maternal ART (6 months or lifelong) to inform WHO HIV and Infant Feeding guidelines.

Posted in HIV/AIDS, Infant & Child Health, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged , , | Comments closed

The effect of nutritional supplementation on quality of life in people living with HIV: a…

Objective To determine the effects of lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) on the quality of life of people living with HIV (PLHIV) during the first 3 months of antiretroviral treatment (ART), and to investigate the effects of timing of supplementation by comparing with supplementation during the subsequent 3 months.

Posted in HIV/AIDS, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Malnutrition & Obesity, Noncommunicable Disease | Tagged , | Comments closed

Ethical challenges in designing and conducting medicine quality surveys

Objectives To identify and discuss the main ethical challenges related to the conduct of surveys and make suggestions on how to address them.

Posted in Delivery, Journal Watch, Medications & Treatments, Monitoring & Evaluation, Policy & Systems, Primary Care & Prevention, Research | Tagged | Comments closed

Effect of calcium and vitamin D on growth, rickets and Kashin-Beck disease in 0-5 year old…

Objective To evaluate the effect of calcium (15 mmol/day) and vitamin D (625 g/month), as single supplement or in combination, versus no supplement on growth, clinical signs of rickets and Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) and dental health.

Posted in Journal Watch, Malnutrition & Obesity, Noncommunicable Disease, Women & Children | Tagged , , | Comments closed

Tuberculosis and Diabetes: Current State and Future Perspectives

This review outlines the association between tuberculosis and diabetes, focusing on epidemiology, physiopathology, clinical aspects, diagnosis and treatment; and evaluates future perspectives, with particular attention to developing countries.

Posted in Diabetes, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Noncommunicable Disease, Tuberculosis | Tagged , | Comments closed

Gender and age disparities in adult undernutrition in northern Uganda: high-risk groups not…

Objective To determine the prevalence of adult malnutrition and associated risk factors in a post-conflict area of northern Uganda.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Supervised Oral HIV Self-Testing is Accurate in Rural KwaZulu Natal, South Africa

Objectives To achieve UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets, alternatives to conventional HIV testing models are necessary in South Africa to increase population awareness of their HIV status.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged , | Comments closed

Entry characteristics and performance in a Masters module in Tropical Medicine: A 5-year…

Objectives Postgraduate courses can contribute to better-qualified personnel in resource-limited settings.

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed

Expansion of the Adherence Club model for stable antiretroviral therapy patients in the Cape…

Objective The ambitious 90-90-90 treatment targets require innovative models of care to support quality ART delivery.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged , | Comments closed

Mortality risk and associated factors in HIV-exposed, uninfected children

Objective With increasing maternal antiretroviral treatment (ART), the number of children newly infected with HIV has declined.

Posted in HIV/AIDS, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged , | Comments closed

Leishmaniasis in Turkey: First clinical isolation of Leishmania major from 18 autochthonous…

Objective To report isolation of L.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Liposomal Amphotericin B drug access for the treatment of leishmaniasis in Brazil

The social and economic impact of leishmaniasis in Brazil is underestimated.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Medications & Treatments, Neglected Tropical Diseases, Research | Tagged | Comments closed

Sickle cell disease in western Sudan: genetic epidemiology and predictors of knowledge attitude…

Objective To investigate the epidemiology of sickle cell disease (SCD) and determinants of knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) towards SCD in western Kordofan State, Sudan.

Posted in Journal Watch, Noncommunicable Disease, Research | Tagged , , | Comments closed