Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Diarrhea in Children under-five years of age in South Africa (1997-2014)

Objective To present evidence from available reliable published data on the prevalence, incidence and severity of diarrhoea in children aged under-five years in South Africa.

Posted in Diahrreal Disease, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Infant oral mutilation in East Africa ‒ therapeutic and ritual grounds

This paper reviews the practice and ritual traditions of infant oral mutilation, drawing on a literature search in PubMed and Google Scholar, historical reports, relevant textbooks, NGO materials and personal observations of the authors.

Posted in Infant & Child Health, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged , , | Comments closed

Hypoxaemia in Mozambican children < 5 years of age admitted to hospital with clinical severe…

Objective To determine the prevalence of hypoxaemia among under-five children admitted to hospital with clinical severe pneumonia, and to assess the performance to diagnose hypoxaemia of models based on clinical signs.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged , | Comments closed

Seroepidemiology: an underused tool for designing and monitoring vaccination programs in low…

Seroepidemiology, the use of data on the prevalence of bio-markers of infection or vaccination, is a potentially powerful tool to understand the epidemiology of infection before vaccination and to monitor the effectiveness of vaccination programs.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Vaccines | Tagged | Comments closed

Adherence clubs for long-term provision of anti-retroviral therapy: Cost-effectiveness and…

Objectives As the scale of the South African HIV epidemic calls for innovative models of care that improve accessibility for patients while overcoming chronic human resource shortages, we (1) assess the cost-effectiveness of lay health worker-led group adherence clubs, in comparison to a nurse-driven standard of care, and (2) describe and evaluate the associated patient cost and accessibility differences.

Posted in General Global Health, HIV/AIDS, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch | Tagged , | Comments closed

Association of vitamin D status with incidence of enterotoxigenic, enteropathogenic and…

Objective To evaluate the association between vitamin D status and diarrhoeal episodes by enterotoxigenic (ETEC), enterpathogenic (EPEC) and enteroaggregative (EAEC) E.

Posted in Journal Watch, Malnutrition & Obesity, Noncommunicable Disease | Tagged | Comments closed

Cost of hospitalization for non-communicable diseases in India: are we pro-poor?

Objectives To estimate out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure due to hospitalization from NCDs and its impact on households in India.

Posted in Aid & Development, Journal Watch, Noncommunicable Disease, Poverty | Tagged , | Comments closed

The GCP guideline and its interpretation – perceptions of clinical trial teams in sub-Saharan…

Objectives To explore the advantages and challenges of working with the Good Clinical Practice (GCP) ICH E6 guideline and its interpretation from the perspective of clinical trial teams based in sub-Saharan Africa.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Promoting synergies between clinical medicine and public health

In the health profession hierarchy, public health is a poor cousin of clinical medicine, regarded at best as worthy but dull, and at worst as lacking in intellectual merit – it’s not brain surgery.

Posted in Journal Watch, Policy & Systems | Tagged , | Comments closed

Predictors of Early Breastfeeding Cessation among HIV-infected women in Botswana

Objective Infants born to HIV-infected women receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) can breastfeed through at least 6 months with very low risk of HIV acquisition.

Posted in HIV/AIDS, Infant & Child Health, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged , , | Comments closed

Effect of deploying community health assistants on appropriate treatment for diarrhea, malaria,…

Objective A critical shortage of human resources for health in Zambia remains a great challenge.

Posted in Delivery, Diahrreal Disease, Health Workforce, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Malaria, Policy & Systems | Tagged , , | Comments closed

Undiagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis among prisoners in Malaysia: an overlooked risk for…

Objectives To investigate the prevalence of previously-undiagnosed active tuberculosis (TB) cases among prisoners in Malaysia’s largest prison using an intensified TB case-finding strategy.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Tuberculosis | Tagged , | Comments closed

Child diarrhoea and nutritional status in rural Rwanda: a cross-sectional study to explore…

Objective To explore associations of environmental and demographic factors with diarrhoea and nutritional status among children in Rusizi district, Rwanda.

Posted in Diahrreal Disease, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Malnutrition & Obesity, Noncommunicable Disease, Women & Children | Tagged , , , | Comments closed

Follow-up and programmatic outcomes of HIV-exposed infants registered in a large HIV centre in…

Objective To assess follow-up and programmatic outcomes of HIV-exposed infants at Martin Preuss Centre, Lilongwe, from 2012 to 2014.

Posted in HIV/AIDS, Infant & Child Health, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged , | Comments closed