Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Predictors of Early Breastfeeding Cessation among HIV-infected women in Botswana

Objective Infants born to HIV-infected women receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) can breastfeed through at least 6 months with very low risk of HIV acquisition.

Posted in HIV/AIDS, Infant & Child Health, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged , , | Comments closed

Effect of deploying community health assistants on appropriate treatment for diarrhea, malaria,…

Objective A critical shortage of human resources for health in Zambia remains a great challenge.

Posted in Delivery, Diahrreal Disease, Health Workforce, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Malaria, Policy & Systems | Tagged , , | Comments closed

Undiagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis among prisoners in Malaysia: an overlooked risk for…

Objectives To investigate the prevalence of previously-undiagnosed active tuberculosis (TB) cases among prisoners in Malaysia’s largest prison using an intensified TB case-finding strategy.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Tuberculosis | Tagged , | Comments closed

Child diarrhoea and nutritional status in rural Rwanda: a cross-sectional study to explore…

Objective To explore associations of environmental and demographic factors with diarrhoea and nutritional status among children in Rusizi district, Rwanda.

Posted in Diahrreal Disease, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Malnutrition & Obesity, Noncommunicable Disease, Women & Children | Tagged , , , | Comments closed

Follow-up and programmatic outcomes of HIV-exposed infants registered in a large HIV centre in…

Objective To assess follow-up and programmatic outcomes of HIV-exposed infants at Martin Preuss Centre, Lilongwe, from 2012 to 2014.

Posted in HIV/AIDS, Infant & Child Health, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Tagged , | Comments closed

Retention in care of HIV-infected pregnant and lactating women starting art under Option B+ in…

Objective In 2013, Mozambique adopted Option B+, universal lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all pregnant and lactating women, as national strategy for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

Posted in HIV/AIDS, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Maternal & Reproductive Health, Women & Children | Tagged | Comments closed

Monitoring the inputs required to extend and sustain hygiene promotion: findings from the GLAAS…

Objectives There are significant gaps in information about the inputs required to effectively extend and sustain hygiene promotion activities to improve people’s health outcomes through water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions.

Posted in Aid & Development, Journal Watch, WASH | Tagged , , | Comments closed

Etiologies of non-malaria febrile episodes in children under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa

Objectives To provide an overview of the most frequent etiologies found in febrile episodes of children under 5 from sub-Saharan Africa.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged , | Comments closed

Multi-stakeholder partnerships with the Democratic Peoples’ Republic of Korea to improve…

Objective To examine the current partnerships to improve the childhood immunization programme in the Democratic Peoples’ Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the context of the political determinants of health equity.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged , , | Comments closed

Challenges of bacterial meningitis case management in Ethiopia

Objective To investigate the current diagnostic and therapeutic strategies used in the care of patients with suspected bacterial meningitis at teaching hospitals in Ethiopia.

Posted in General Global Health, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch | Tagged , | Comments closed

Parental migration and children’s timely measles vaccination in rural China: a cross-sectional…

Objective With the rapid economic development in China, millions of rural residents are migrating to the cities to gain employment, resulting in numerous left-behind children (LBC).

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Research, Vaccines | Tagged , , , | Comments closed

Economic burden of gastrointestinal cancer under the protection of the New Rural Cooperative…

Objective To evaluate the financial burden of esophageal cancer under the protection of the new Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) and to provide evidence and suggestions to policy-makers in a high-incidence region in China.

Posted in Cancer, Journal Watch, Noncommunicable Disease | Tagged | Comments closed

Drug resistance mutations after the first 12 months on antiretroviral therapy and determinants…

Objective To evaluate HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) and determinants of virological failure in a large cohort of patients receiving first-line tenofovir-based antiretroviral (ART) regimens.

Posted in HIV/AIDS, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch | Tagged , | Comments closed

Physicians’ experiences and views on the role of obstetric ultrasound in rural and urban…

Objective To explore Rwandan physicians’ experiences and views on the role of obstetric ultrasound in clinical management of pregnancy.

Posted in Delivery, Journal Watch, Policy & Systems | Tagged | Comments closed