Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Health service delivery models for the provision of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan…

Objectives In response to the lack of evidence-based guidance for how to continue scaling up antiretroviral therapy (ART) in ways that make optimal use of limited resources, to assess comparative studies of ART service delivery models implemented in sub-Saharan Africa.

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed

Typhoid fever in Fiji: a reversible plague?

The country of Fiji, with a population of approximately 870 000 people, faces a growing burden of several communicable diseases including the bacterial infection typhoid fever.

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed

Assessing the impact of a school-based latrine cleaning and handwashing program on pupil…

Objectives Improving school water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) conditions reduces pupil absence and illness.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Severe events in the first 6 months of life in a cohort of HIV-unexposed infants from South…

Objective To report on risk factors for severe events (hospitalisation or infant death) within the first half of infancy amongst HIV-unexposed infants in South Africa.

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed

Parental reports of behavioural outcome among paediatric leukaemia survivors in Malaysia: a…

Objectives To determine the behavioural impact of chemotherapy in survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) treated with chemotherapy only and to identify treatment-related or sociodemography-related factors that might be associated with behavioural outcome.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Improving malaria treatment and prevention in India by aiding district managers to manage their…

Objectives This paper reports the first trial of Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) assessing associations between access to LQAS data and subsequent improvements in district programming.

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed

Leprosy in Brazil and its association with characteristics of municipalities: ecological study,…

Objective To analyse the ecological association between the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the Brazilian municipalities and average leprosy incidence rate in the period 2009–2011.

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed

Diarrhoea in slum children: observation from a large diarrhoeal disease hospital in Dhaka,…

Objectives To determine and compare socio-demographic, nutritional and clinical characteristics of children under five with diarrhoea living in slums with those of children who do not live in slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed

Assessing the economic burden of illness for tuberculosis patients in Benin: determinants and…

Objectives To inform policy-making, we measured the risk, causes and consequences of catastrophic expenditures for tuberculosis and investigated potential inequities.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Measles and rubella vaccination coverage in Haiti, 2012: progress towards verifying and…

Objectives We conducted a nationwide survey to assess measles containing vaccine (MCV) coverage among children aged 1–9 years in Haiti and identify factors associated with vaccination before and during the 2012 nationwide supplementary immunisation activities (SIA).

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed

Hypertension and treatment outcomes in Palestine refugees in United Nations Relief and Works…

Objective In six United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) primary health care clinics in Jordan serving Palestine refugees diagnosed with hypertension, to determine the number, characteristics, programme outcomes and measures of disease control for those registered up to 30 June, 2013, and in those who attended clinic in the second quarter of 2013, the prevalence of disease-related complications between those with hypertension only and hypertension combined with diabetes mellitus.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Cotrimoxazole prophylactic treatment prevents malaria in children in sub-Saharan Africa:…

Objectives Cotrimoxazole prophylactic treatment (CPT) prevents opportunistic infections in HIV-infected or HIV-exposed children, but estimates of the effectiveness in preventing malaria vary.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Strengths and weaknesses in the implementation of maternal and perinatal death reviews in…

Objectives Tanzania institutionalised maternal and perinatal death reviews (MPDR) in 2006, yet there is scarce evidence on the extent and quality of implementation of the system.

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed

Outcomes of a nurse-managed service for stable HIV-positive patients in a large South African…

Objectives Models of care utilizing task shifting and decentralization are needed to support growing ART programmes.

Posted in Journal Watch | Comments closed