Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Household-level risk factors for secondary influenza-like illness in a rural area of Bangladesh

Objective To describe household-level risk factors for secondary Influenza-like illness (ILI), an important public health concern in the low-income population of Bangladesh.

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Factors that hinder or enable maternal health strategies to reduce delays in rural and…

Objectives To document factors that hinder or enable strategies to reduce the first and second delays of the Three Delays in rural and pastoralist areas in Ethiopia.

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Assessing Health Care Quality Using Routine Data: Evaluating the Performance of the National…

Objective To assess the performance of health care facilities by means of indicators based on guidelines for clinical care of TB, which is likely a good measure of overall facility quality.

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Impact of the zero markup drug policy on hospitalization expenditure in western rural China: an…

Objectives To assess the long-term effects of the introduction of China’s zero markup drug policy on hospitalization expenditure and hospitalization expenditures after reimbursement.

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Retention in care and reasons for discontinuation of lifelong antiretroviral therapy in a…

Objective To assess linkage and retention in care along the PMTCT cascade in HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women initiating Option B+ in Cameroon.

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Recurrence of Plasmodium falciparum after treatment with quinine and doxycycline in the Amazon…

Objective To investigate whether the recurrence of infection by P.

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Evaluation of response strategies against epidemics due to Neisseria meningitidis C in Niger

Objective To inform public health recommendations, we evaluated the effectiveness and efficiency of current and hypothetical surveillance and vaccine response strategies against Neisseria meningitidis C meningitis epidemics in 2015 in Niger.

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Variability of respiratory rate measurements in children suspected with non-severe pneumonia in…

Objective Measurement of respiratory rate is an important clinical sign in the diagnosis of pneumonia but suffers from inter-observer variation.

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Tenofovir stock shortages have limited impact on clinic and patient level HIV treatment…

Objective Using data from four public-sector clinics in South Africa we sought to investigate provider and patient level outcomes, to understand how the 2012 tenofovir stock shortage affected the HIV care and monitoring of ART patients.

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Labrets in Africa and Amazonia: Medical implications and cultural determinants

The custom of wearing labrets has a long tradition.

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Improving quality of care through payment for performance: examining effects on the…

Objective To evaluate the effects of payment-for-performance (P4P) on the availability and stock-out rate of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) medical commodities in Tanzania and assess the distributional effects.

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Costs of diarrhoea and acute respiratory infection attributable to not handwashing: the cases…

Objective To estimate the national costs relating to diarrhoea and acute respiratory infections from not handwashing with soap after contact with excreta and the costs and benefits of handwashing behaviour change programmes in India and China.

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Internal migration and maternal health service utilization in Jiangsu, China

Objectives To investigate the use of Maternal Health Care services by internal migrants in view of their migration status.

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Trends and risk factors of stillbirths and neonatal deaths in Eastern Uganda (1982-2011): A…

Objectives To identify mortality trends and risk factors associated with stillbirths and neonatal deaths 1982-2011.

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