Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Optimal Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence as Evaluated by CASE Index Score Tool is Associated…

Objective To determine the prevalence and factors associated with optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and virological failure (VLF) among HIV-infected adults enrolled in the national ART program at the teaching hospital of Fann, Dakar, Senegal.

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Uptake and performance of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission and early infant diagnosis…

Objective To assess the uptake of WHO-recommended PMTCT procedures in Ethiopia’s health services.

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Scarification in sub-Saharan Africa: social skin, remedy and medical import

Various forms of body modification may be observed in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Microscopic observation drug-susceptibility assay vs Xpert® MTB/RIF for the diagnosis of…

Objective To compare the cost-utility of Microscopic Observation Drug-Susceptibility Assay (MODS) and Xpert®MTB/RIF implementation for TB diagnosis in rural northern Mozambique.

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Causes and consequences of the Leishmania infantum burden in patients with kala-azar -NDASH- a…

Background An infected host’s Leishmania infantum load in blood is considered to be an estimate of his or her total parasite burden.

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Hepatitis B Virus Sequencing and Liver Fibrosis Evaluation in HIV/HBV Co-infected Nigerians

Objectives Molecular characteristics of hepatitis B virus (HBV), such as genotype and genomic mutations, may contribute to liver-related morbidity and mortality.

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Spoligotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates at a tertiary care hospital in India

Objective Spoligotyping is a valuable genotyping tool to study the genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.

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Disease spectrum and management of children admitted with acute respiratory infection in Viet…

Objective To assess the acute respiratory infection (ARI) disease spectrum, duration of hospitalisation and outcome in children hospitalised with an ARI in Viet Nam.

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Metabolic syndrome in patients on first-line antiretroviral therapy containing zidovudine or…

Objective To assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among patients in rural Lesotho who are taking first-line anti-retroviral therapy (ART) containing either zidovudine or tenofovir disoproxil.

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Combining two antifungal agents does not enhance survival of Galleria mellonella larvae…

Objective To determine if combination therapy would improve therapeutic outcome in eumycetoma caused by Madurella mycetomatis.

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Systemic insecticides used in dogs: potential candidates for phlebotomine vector control?

Zoonotic Visceral Leishmaniasis (ZVL) is a public health problem endemic in some countries.

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Children’s Mouthing of Soil-Contaminated Objects is Associated with Environmental Enteropathy

Objective To investigate the relationship between children’s mouthing behaviors, diarrhea, and environmental enteropathy.

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Joint effects of climate variability and socio-ecological factors on dengue transmission:…

Objective To assess the epidemiological evidence on the joint effects of climate variability and socio-ecological factors on dengue transmission.

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Knowledge and Practice Regarding Dengue and Chikungunya: a cross sectional study among…

Objective To investigate knowledge and prevention practices regarding dengue and chikungunya amongst community members, as well as knowledge, treatment and diagnostic practices among healthcare workers.

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