Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Follow-up of surgically treated patients with cystic echinococcosis: can novel recombinant…

Objective To compare the performance of two novel recombinant antigens (EgP29, 2B2t) with imaging in a well-defined cohort of surgically treated cystic echinococcosis (CE) patients to determine whether serology reflects surgical cure as defined by imaging.

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Improved detection of Zika virus RNA in human and animal specimens by a novel, highly sensitive…

Objective and Method We developed and evaluated five novel real-time RT-PCR assays targeting conserved regions in the 5’-untranslated region (5’-UTR), envelope (E’), non-structural protein 2A (NS2A), NS5, and 3’-UTR of the ZIKV genome.

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Placental pathology in HIV infection at term: a comparison with HIV-uninfected women

Objectives To describe and correlate placental characteristics from pregnancies in HIV-infected and HIV-negative women with maternal and infant clinical and immunological data.

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Guinea worm infection in northern Nigeria: Reflections on a disease approaching eradication

Global eradication of the Guinea worm (Dracunculus medinensis) is near, although perhaps delayed a little by the discovery of a transmission cycle in dogs.

Posted in Aid, Aid & Development, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Neglected Tropical Diseases | Tagged , , | Comments closed

Human-to-human transmission of Brucella – a systematic review

Objective The most common form of transmitting human brucellosis is through contaminated food or direct contact with infected animals.

Posted in Aid & Development, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Neglected Tropical Diseases | Tagged | Comments closed

Prevalence and Correlates of Antibiotic Sharing in the Philippines: Antibiotic Misconceptions…

Objective To identify sociodemographic, knowledge, and attitudinal correlates to antibiotic-sharing among a community-based sample of adults (age 18 and older) in a low-income setting of the Philippines and to explore community-level data on informal antibiotic distribution in roadside stands (i.e., sari-sari stands).

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Physical function, grip strength and frailty in people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa:…

Objective To present the current knowledge on physical function, grip strength and frailty in HIV-infected patients living in sub-Saharan Africa, where the phenomenon is largely underestimated.

Posted in General Global Health, HIV/AIDS, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch | Tagged , | Comments closed

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Scrub Typhus in South India

Objective To determine the prevalence and risk factors of scub typhus in Tamil Nadu, South India.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Neglected Tropical Diseases, Policy & Systems, Surveillance | Tagged , , | Comments closed

Pyrethroid and DDT tolerance of Anopheles gambiae s.l. from Sengerema District, an area of…

Objective To assess the susceptibility status of malaria vectors to pyrethroids and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), characterize the mechanisms underlying resistance, and to evaluate the role of agro-chemical use in resistance selection among malaria vectors in Sengerema agro ecosystem zone, Tanzania.

Posted in Environment, Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

E. coli contamination of child complementary foods and association with domestic hygiene in…

Objective To determine the frequency and concentration of E.

Posted in Aid & Development, Diahrreal Disease, Infant & Child Health, Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, WASH, Women & Children | Tagged , , | Comments closed

First molecular epidemiology of Entamoeba histolytica, E. dispar and E. moshkovskii infections…

Objectives To investigate the molecular epidemiology of Entamoeba histolytica, E.

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Efficacy of artesunate + sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and artemether + lumefantrine and dhfr and…

Objective To determine the therapeutic efficacy of artesunate + sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine (AS + SP) and artemether + lumefantrine (AL), and to investigate the presence of molecular mutations associated with resistance, to inform national malaria treatment policy.

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Superinfection Interference between Dengue-2 and Dengue-4 Viruses in Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes

Objective Dengue virus consists of four antigenically distinct serotypes (DENV 1-4) that are transmitted to humans by Aedes aegypti and Ae.

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How do low birth weight neonates fare two years after discharge from a low-technology neonatal…

Objectives As neonatal care is being scaled up in economically poor settings, there is a need to know more on post-hospital discharge and longer-term outcomes.

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