Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Immunoagglutination test to diagnose Chagas disease: comparison of different latex–antigen…

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic performance of novel latex–protein complexes obtained from different antigens of Trypanosoma cruzi through immunoagglutination test using a panel of T. cruzi-positive sera, leishmaniasis-positive sera and negative sera for both parasites.

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Prevalence and patterns of multimorbidity among the elderly in Burkina Faso: cross-sectional…

Objectives To assess the prevalence and distribution patterns of multimorbidity among urban older adults in Burkina Faso.

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The geographic and demographic scope of shared sanitation: an analysis of national survey data…

Objective A large and growing proportion of the world’s population rely on shared sanitation facilities that have historically been excluded from international targets due to concerns about acceptability, hygiene and access.

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Non-endemic cases of lymphatic filariasis

Objective Several cases of lymphatic filariasis (LF) have been reported in non-endemic countries due to travellers, military personnel and expatriates spending time in and returning from endemic areas, as well as immigrants coming from these regions.

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Decline in overall, smear-negative and HIV-positive TB incidence while smear-positive incidence…

Objective To calculate Tuberculosis (TB) incidence rates in Guinea-Bissau over an 8-year period.

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Malaria in school-age children in Africa: an increasingly important challenge

School-age children have attracted relatively little attention as a group in need of special measures to protect them against malaria.

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Oral susceptibility of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from Senegal for dengue serotypes 1…

Objective To investigate the potential for domestic and wild populations of Aedes aegypti from Dakar and Kedougou to develop a disseminated infection after exposure to DENV-3 and DENV-1.

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Assessing the quality of care in a new nation: South Sudan’s first national health facility…

Objectives We adapted a rapid quality of care monitoring method to a fragile state with two aims: to assess the delivery of child health services in South Sudan at the time of independence and to strengthen local capacity to perform regular rapid health facility assessments.

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The economic burden of pneumonia and meningitis among children less than five years old in…

Objective To estimate the average treatment costs of pneumonia and meningitis among children under five years of age in a tertiary hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam from societal, health sector and household perspectives.

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Prevalence and correlates of treatment failure among Kenyan children hospitalised with severe…

Objective To determine the extent and pattern of treatment failure (TF) among children hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia at a large tertiary hospital in Kenya.

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Scarcity of protective items against HIV and other bloodborne infections in 13 low- and…

Objective To assess protection of surgical healthcare workers against HIV and other bloodborne infections in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

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Understanding factors, outcomes and reasons for loss to follow-up among women in Option B+…

Objective To assess factors, outcomes and reasons for loss to follow-up (LTFU) among pregnant and breastfeeding women initiated on a lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for PMTCT in a large antenatal clinic in Malawi.

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Health service delivery models for the provision of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan…

Objectives In response to the lack of evidence-based guidance for how to continue scaling up antiretroviral therapy (ART) in ways that make optimal use of limited resources, to assess comparative studies of ART service delivery models implemented in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Typhoid fever in Fiji: a reversible plague?

The country of Fiji, with a population of approximately 870 000 people, faces a growing burden of several communicable diseases including the bacterial infection typhoid fever.

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