Author Archives: Tropical Med and Intl Health

Prospective study of cigarette and alcohol use among adults in a rural Uganda

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Objectives To characterise trends over time in smoking and alcohol consumption in a rural Ugandan population between 1994 and 2011.

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Compounding diagnostic delays: a qualitative study of point-of-care testing in South Africa

Objectives Successful point-of-care (POC) testing (completion of test and treat cycle in one patient encounter) has immense potential to reduce diagnostic and treatment delays, and improve patient and public health outcomes.

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The relationship between HIV and Prevalence of Disabilities in sub-Saharan Africa: Systematic…

Objective To systematically review evidence of the prevalence and risk of disabilities among children and adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Explaining low rates of sustained use of Siphon water filter: Evidence from follow-up of a…

Objective To assess sustained siphon filter usage among a low income population in Bangladesh and study relevant motivators and barriers.

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Hajj pilgrimage surveillance in pilgrims from African countries

Link –  Hajj pilgrimage surveillance in pilgrims from African countries

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Renal impairment in HIV-infected patients initiating tenofovir-containing antiretroviral…

Objective Long-term use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is associated with declines in glomerular function and chronic kidney disease in HIV-infected patients.

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Need for certification of household water treatment products: examples from Haiti

Objective To evaluate four chemical treatment products currently seeking approval in Haiti.

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Atorvastatin reduces T-cell activation and exhaustion among HIV-infected cART-treated…

Objective T-cell activation independently predicts mortality, poor immune recovery and non-AIDS illnesses during combination antiretroviral therapy (cART).

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We are what we eat – is it time to reconsider calcium-deficiency rickets in Nigeria? (FA*)

Rickets remains a significant health problem in West Africa (Jarrett et al.

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Hypertension, Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Anti-Hypertensive Medication Utilization among…

Objectives To assess the prevalence of hypertension, elevated blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors among HIV-positive individuals in rural Rakai District, Uganda.

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The joint effects of water and sanitation on diarrheal disease: A multi-country analysis of the…

Objectives To assess the joint effects of water and sanitation infrastructure, whether they are redundant services preventing the same cases of diarrheal disease, act independently, or act synergistically; and to assess how these effects vary by country and over time.

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Effective reimbursement rates of the rural health insurance among uncomplicated tuberculosis…

Objective China has established universal health coverage for 830 million rural residents through the rapid expansion of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS).

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Risk factors for Chagas disease among pregnant women in El Salvador

Objectives To determine the seroprevalence of Chagas disease among pregnant women and estimate the risk factors for Chagas disease during pregnancies.

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Assessing spatial patterns of HIV knowledge in rural Mozambique using Geographic Information…

Objectives To conduct a cross-sectional mapping analysis of HIV knowledge in Zambzia Province, Mozambique to examine spatial patterns of HIV knowledge and associated household characteristics.

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