Previously unrecognized health benefits could be realized from fast action to reduce climate change and its consequences. For example, changes in energy and transport policies could save millions of lives annually from diseases caused by high levels of air pollution. The right energy and transport policies could also reduce the burden of disease associated with physical inactivity and traffic injury. Measures to adapt to climate change could also save lives around the world by ensuring that communities are better prepared to deal with the impact of heat, extreme weather, infectious disease and food insecurity.
The outbreak of Ebola virus disease in west Africa is unprecedented in many ways, including the high proportion of doctors, nurses, and other health care workers who have been infected. To date, more than 240 health care workers have developed the disease in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone, and more than 120 have died.
Robtel Neajai Pailey | Guardian Development | “Relations between the Liberian state and its citizens were already in crisis before the Ebola outbreak made things Read More
Background: Malaria is a devastating parasitic disease, causing more than 600,000 deaths annually.
This case report describes a case of presumed acute myocardial infarction in a returned traveler who was later diagnosed to have severe malaria.
Background: In the context of generalization of insecticide resistance, the hypothesis that insecticide resistance has a positive impact on the capacity of mosquitoes to transmit malaria constitutes a hindrance for malaria elimination.
Over the past decade, efforts to increase the use of insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) have relied primarily on the routine distribution of bed nets to pregnant women attending antenatal services or on the mass distribution of bed nets to households.
Available anti-malarial tools have over the ten-year period, 2002 to 2012, dramatically reduced the number of fatalities attributed to malaria, from one million to less than six-hundred and thirty thousand.
by Gerardo Acosta-Jamett, Thomas Weitzel, Belgees Boufana, Claudia Adones, Andrea Bahamonde, Katia Abarca, Philip S. Craig, Ingrid Reiter-Owona Background Hydatidosis is a zoonotic disease of worldwide distribution caused by Echinococcus granulosus.
by Amit Savaya Alkalay, Ohad Rosen, Susanne H. Sokolow, Yacinthe P. W.
by The PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases Staff
by Patricio Diosque, Nicolás Tomasini, Juan José Lauthier, Louisa Alexandra Messenger, María Mercedes Monje Rumi, Paula Gabriela Ragone, Anahí Maitén Alberti-D’Amato, Cecilia Pérez Brandán, Christian Barnabé, Michel Tibayrenc, Michael David Lewis, Martin Stephen Llewellyn, Michael Alexander Miles, Matthew Yeo Trypanosoma cruzi, the aetiological agent of Chagas disease possess extensive genetic diversity. This has led to the development of a plethora of molecular typing methods for the identification of both the known major genetic lineages and for more fine scale characterization of different multilocus genotypes within these major lineages. Whole genome sequencing applied to large sample sizes is not currently viable and multilocus enzyme electrophoresis, the previous gold standard for T.
by Tansy Edwards, Elizabeth Allen, Emma M. Harding-Esch, John Hart, Sarah E.
by Le Van Tan, Le Hong Thai, Nguyen Hoan Phu, Ho Dang Trung Nghia, Ly Van Chuong, Dinh Xuan Sinh, Nguyen Duy Phong, Nguyen Thi Hoang Mai, Dinh Nguyen Huy Man, Vo Minh Hien, Nguyen Thanh Vinh, Jeremy Day, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Tran Tinh Hien, Jeremy Farrar, Menno D. de Jong, Guy Thwaites, H. Rogier van Doorn, Tran Thi Hong Chau Background Central nervous system (CNS) infections are important diseases in both children and adults worldwide
by Koichi Hirata, Osamu Komagata, Kentaro Itokawa, Atsushi Yamamoto, Takashi Tomita, Shinji Kasai The voltage-sensitive sodium (Na+) channel (Vssc) is the target site of pyrethroid insecticides. Pest insects develop resistance to this class of insecticide by acquisition of one or multiple amino acid substitution(s) in this channel. In Southeast Asia, two major Vssc types confer pyrethroid resistance in the dengue mosquito vector Aedes aegypti, namely, S989P+V1016G and F1534C
by Hong Liu, Chuan Wang, Tongsheng Chu, Parimi Leela Rani, Debao Yu, Xi’an Fu, Mingfei Chen, Shumin Chen, Furen Zhang