Infectious Disease



HIV infection rates increasing in 74 countries

DURBAN, South Africa — While the world has made progress reducing the number of people who die from AIDS every year by expanding access to life-saving drug treatments, many countries are increasingly failing to prevent the spread of HIV. That’s the disturbing gist of a new report released here at the 21st International AIDS Conference


New app lets public help map disasters, conflicts and outbreaks

By Lin Taylor LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) — Swiping right or tapping on a mobile phone are not typical ways of helping poor communities, but a new app launched by a medical charity on Friday aims to use technology to help aid workers map areas at risk of conflict, disasters and disease. Using the latest


Mapping the Zambian prison health system: An analysis of key structural determinants

10.1080/17441692.2016.1202298<br/>Stephanie M.


HIV infection rates increasing in 74 countries


DURBAN, South Africa — While the world has made progress reducing the number of people who die from AIDS every year by expanding access to life-saving drug treatments, many countries are increasingly failing to prevent the spread of HIV. That’s the disturbing gist of a new report released here at the 21st International AIDS Conference

Insights into an Optimization of <i>Plasmodium vivax</i> Sal-1 <i>In…

by Kathryn Shaw-Saliba, Richard Thomson-Luque, Nicanor Obaldía III, Marlon Nuñez, Sahir Dutary, Caeul Lim, Samantha Barnes, Clemens H. M. Kocken, Manoj T.

Activation, Impaired Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Production, and Deficiency of Circulating…

by Seung-Ji Kang, Hye-Mi Jin, Eun Jeong Won, Young-Nan Cho, Hyun-Ju Jung, Yong-Soo Kwon, Hae Jin Kee, Jae Kyun Ju, Jung-Chul Kim, Uh Jin Kim, Hee-Chang Jang, Sook-In Jung, Seung-Jung Kee, Yong-Wook Park Background Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells contribute to protection against certain microorganism infections. However, little is known about the role of MAIT cells in Orientia tsutsugamushi infection.

Identification of Chalcones as <i>Fasciola hepatica</i> Cathepsin L Inhibitors…

by Florencia Ferraro, Alicia Merlino, Nicolás dell´Oca, Jorge Gil, José F. Tort, Mercedes Gonzalez, Hugo Cerecetto, Mauricio Cabrera, Ileana Corvo Background Increased reports of human infections have led fasciolosis, a widespread disease of cattle and sheep caused by the liver flukes Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica, to be considered an emerging zoonotic disease. Chemotherapy is the main control measure available, and triclabendazole is the preferred drug since is effective against both juvenile and mature parasites

AIDS 2016: How Seattle scientists’ frustration turns to hope in hunt for an HIV vaccine

Editors note: As part of our coverage of the 21st International AIDS Conference, we are reposting part two of a series from the Seattle Times about the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center’s effort to find an effective HIV vaccine. View the full report here. By Nina Shapiro, Seattle Times staff reporter CAPE TOWN, South Africa

Lack Of Emergency Funding, Resources To Address Zika Hinders Effective Response, CDC Director…

TIME: We’re Fighting Zika ‘With One Hand Tied Behind Our Backs,’ CDC Director Says “It’s been a little over a week since the Senate failed to pass emergency funding for the Zika epidemic, right in the midst of mosquito season. And while Zika hasn’t started spreading locally stateside, emergency responders who are trying to fight…More

Europe Reports First Zika-Linked Microcephaly Case In Infant Of Spanish Woman Who Traveled To…

New York Times: Woman With Zika Virus in Spain Gives Birth to Baby With Microcephaly “A woman infected with the Zika virus gave birth on Monday to a baby with microcephaly in Barcelona, in what is probably the first case of its kind in Europe, according to the hospital where the infant was born. The…More

Nations Must Stockpile, Be Prepared To Increase Vaccine Manufacturing Supplies In Event Of…

SciDev.Net: Ebola response crippled by low stocks of vital items “Glass vials, coolers, and chicken eggs needed for vaccine manufacture are the first things lacking when a global pandemic breaks, so governments should stockpile them or be ready to rapidly increase their supply, a U.K. conference has heard. With the ongoing Zika epidemic and several…More

International Community Should Pool Resources To Address Threats Of Antibiotic Resistance,…

Project Syndicate: The Global Security Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance Tadataka Yamada, venture partner at Frazier Healthcare Partners “…The global threat of emerging or resistant infections must be viewed first and foremost in [the context of investing in national defense and security], with all countries committed to providing financing, intellectual capital, and available resources to support…More

Construction Begins on University in Rwanda

Zacharias Abubeker for UGHEDr. Peter Drobac (right), the executive director of University of Global Health Equity, shares architectural renderings of the campus with representatives of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Inshuti Mu Buzima, and MASS Design Group. Earlier this month, Partners In Health began construction on a 250-acre campus for the University of Global Health Equity. When complete in 2018, classrooms, administrative buildings, a library, and dorms will drape a picturesque hill in the Burera District of northern Rwanda. The structures, the first of two UGHE campuses planned in the region, will house thousands of students and medical professionals from around the world, teaching them not just how to treat patients, but how to build health care systems

AIDS 2016: Trial shows higher dose rifampicin could reduce deaths among TB/HIV patients who are…

Categories: AIDS2016DURBAN, South Africa – About 30 percent of TB/HIV patients die within 12 months of starting TB treatment. Efforts to reduce the risk of death among these patients has focused primarily on accelerating start of HIV treatment. In a trial discussed Wednesday,  researchers explored whether changes in TB treatment could improve the odds of survival for these patients. The […](Read more…)

AIDS 2016: Reducing stigma against gender and sexual minorities, a one-day training makes a…

Categories: AIDS2016The following is a guest post from Ashley Gibbs and David Mbote who serve on Health Policy Plus (HP+), a USAID- and PEPFAR-funded project. To reach the ambitious targets of the global HIV response, including universal treatment and viral suppression, we must first reach all populations with lifesaving HIV services. Unfortunately, HIV programming for gay and […](Read more…)

Shigella: A Survivor’s Story

Shigella, a deadly bacterial infection that causes diarrhea, may not be a household name, but it quickly became one for the Maier family when Jackie (bottom right in the above photo) became severely ill at nine years old, right around the time this photo was taken. read more

Perilesional Inflammation in Neurocysticercosis – Relationship Between Contrast-Enhanced…

by Carla Cangalaya, Javier A. Bustos, Juan Calcina, Ana Vargas-Calla, Diego Suarez, Armando E.

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