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HIV infection rates increasing in 74 countries

DURBAN, South Africa — While the world has made progress reducing the number of people who die from AIDS every year by expanding access to life-saving drug treatments, many countries are increasingly failing to prevent the spread of HIV. That’s the disturbing gist of a new report released here at the 21st International AIDS Conference

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Upcoming Expert Panel: Overcoming Barriers to High-Quality TB Treatment During HIV Co-infection

While the guidelines are clear about the need to treat tuberculosis in the setting HIV infection, the reality is that many patients with HIV/TB co-infection Read More

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Large Price Premiums for Unprotected Sex Among Female Sex Workers in Kenya: A Potential…

No abstract available

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Progress and Challenges in Scaling Up Laboratory Monitoring of HIV Treatment

by Peter H. Kilmarx, Raiva Simbi In a perspective on Habiyambere and colleagues, Peter Kilmarx and Raiva Simbi discuss the disconnect between HIV testing instrument capacity and utilization.


Alarming attrition rates among HIV-infected individuals in pre-antiretroviral therapy care in…

Background: High retention rates have been documented among patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Myanmar.


Plasma and Intracellular Concentrations in HIV-Infected Patients Requiring Hemodialysis Dosed…

No abstract available


Implementation and Operational Research: Clinical Impact of the Xpert MTB/RIF Assay in…

Background: The Xpert MTB/RIF assay has been widely implemented in South Africa for rapid tuberculosis (TB) screening.


Integrated Delivery of Antiretroviral Treatment and Pre-exposure Prophylaxis to…

by Jared M. Baeten, Renee Heffron, Lara Kidoguchi, Nelly R. Mugo, Elly Katabira, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Stephen Asiimwe, Jessica E. Haberer, Jennifer Morton, Kenneth Ngure, Nulu Bulya, Josephine Odoyo, Edna Tindimwebwa, Craig Hendrix, Mark A


Brief Report: Geographical Variation in Prevalence of Cryptococcal Antigenemia Among…

Objective: Worldwide, HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis affects approximately 1 million persons and causes 600,000 deaths each year mostly in sub-Saharan Africa.


War-Related Abduction and History of Incarceration Linked to High Burden of HIV Among Female…

Objective: Sex workers (SWs) in sub-Saharan Africa face a disproportionate HIV burden and growing concerns of severe human rights violations.


Brief Report: APOL1 Renal Risk Variants Are Associated With Chronic Kidney Disease in Children…

Abstract: APOL1 renal risk alleles are associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults, with the strongest effect being for HIV-associated nephropathy.


Measuring and assessing HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination among migrant workers in Zhejiang,…

The aim of this study was to develop a Chinese HIV/AIDS Stigma Scale (C-HSS) and test its reliability and validity among migrant workers in eastern China.


Limiting Cumulative HIV Viremia Copy-Years by Early Treatment Reduces Risk of AIDS and Death

Background: Viremia copy-years (VCY), a time-updated measure of cumulative HIV exposure, predicts AIDS/death; although its utility in deciding when to start combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) remains unclear.


Attrition and Opportunities Along the HIV Care Continuum: Findings From a Population-Based…

Background: Attrition along the HIV care continuum slows gains in mitigating the South African HIV epidemic.


A farewell to abstinence and fidelity?

Sex has regularly proven to be a polarising issue for the UN Member States, and the 2016 High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS on June 8–10 was no exception. The Political Declaration adopted at the meeting addresses the sexual health needs of young people (15–24 years), including adolescents (11–19 years).1 2000 new HIV infections occur among young people every day. HIV is the leading cause of death among adolescents in Africa, and the second-highest cause of death worldwide in this age group. HIV is not their only sexual health concern—globally, 17 million adolescent girls give birth every year, 1 million of them younger than 15 years, and a further 3 million will have an unsafe abortion.


HIV prevention drugs could halve new cases

Trials in Africa show that HIV prevention drugs could cut the risk of infection by 50 per cent in women.


Barriers to Viral Suppression Among Female Sex Workers: Role of Structural and Intimate…

Objective: Despite global evidence that sex workers (SWs) are disproportionately impacted by HIV, data on HIV treatment outcomes among SWs living with HIV remains sparse.


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