Influenza

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An Important Partnership in Central America

On the streets of Tegucigalpa or San Salvador or Santo Domingo or in the capitals of five other Central American countries, few people would be able to provide an answer to this question: What is the Council of Ministers of Health of Central America’s (COMISCA)? Dr. Nelson Arboleda, CDC Central American Regional Office Director Despite the understandable lack of awareness, COMISCA has emerged as an important—and effective—mechanism for improving public health across the region. It has unified eight disparate nations into a singular force in the fight against leading causes of death and illness. CDC is one of COMISCA’s prime partners

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The Case for Global Health Security

Maureen Bartee Finding and stopping disease outbreaks at the earliest possible moment no matter where they emerge is important: to reduce illness and death, increase national security, and maintain economic gains made over the previous decades. Disease threats, after all, require only the smallest opening to take root and spread. In today’s tightly connected world a disease can be transported from an isolated, rural village to any major city in as little as 36 hours. Sadly, we also have to consider the possibility of bad actors gaining access to and disseminating dangerous pathogens, a development which could have serious implications not only on people’s health but on the stability and security of entire populations. The recent Zika virus and Ebola outbreaks remind us that health threats are not limited to one country, one issue, or one pathogen


President Obama Cements Global Health Security Agenda as a National Priority

CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden In the swirl of world events that range from economic uncertainty to continuing unease about terrorism, President Obama took an important step today to strengthen our ability to protect people in the United States and around the world from disease outbreaks. Today, President Obama signed an Executive Order that cements the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) as a national, presidential-level priority and establishes the United States as a committed, long-term catalyst for achieving the promise and protections that GHSA holds. This is good news. In today’s increasingly interconnected world, distance no longer protects us from disease.


‘One Health’ – A Comprehensive Approach To Preventing Disease, Saving Lives

For as long as people have lived with – and in close proximity to – animals, the benefit of that reality has come with a serious trade-off… the potential for disease. That reality also explains why a “One Health” approach is used at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to identify and minimize the risk from zoonotic diseases, the technical term for diseases that spread between animals and people. One Health is becoming increasingly viewed as a cornerstone to a strong public health effort. That’s one reason November 3 has been designated the first annual “One Health Day,” a day designed to draw attention – and appreciation – to an important, yet sometimes under-recognized approach for protecting health.


6 Hospital-Associated Infections Cause Larger Burden Than HIV, Influenza, TB Combined, Study…

Deutsche Welle: Why hospital infections are a bigger threat than HIV, influenza, and tuberculosis “You would think it was the other way around. But six health care-associated infections are a bigger burden on hospitals than influenza, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis together. The big six are pneumonia, urinary tract and surgical site infections, Clostridium difficile (CDI, which…More


Introduction of pentavalent vaccine in Indonesia: a policy analysis

The introduction of pentavalent vaccine containing Haemophilus influenzae type b antigen in Indonesia’s National Immunization Program occurred nearly three decades after the vaccine was first available in the United States and 16 years after Indonesia added hepatitis B vaccine into the program.


Influenza epidemiology and influenza vaccine effectiveness during the 2014–2015 season:…

The Global Influenza Hospital Surveillance Network (GIHSN) has established a prospective, active surveillance, hospital-based epidemiological study to collect epidemiological and virological data for the North…


Learning to Trust Flu Shots: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from the 2009 Swine Flu Pandemic

Abstract This paper studies consumer learning in influenza vaccination decisions.


Correction: Global Role and Burden of Influenza in Pediatric Respiratory Hospitalizations,…

by The PLOS Medicine Staff


Disparities in influenza vaccination across the United States: Variability by minority group,…

The aim of this study is to examine the effects of ethnicity, disaggregating Asian Indian from other Asians, health insurance coverage, and nativity on influenza vaccination rates in the United States.


First nationwide web-based surveillance system for influenza-like illness in pregnant women:…

Pregnancy is a risk factor for severe influenza resulting in increased risks of hospitalisation and death in mothers and their new-borns.


Who benefits most from influenza vaccination policy: a study among the elderly in Beijing,…

Influenza continues to have a major impact on vulnerable populations worldwide, particularly among the elderly (≥60 years of age).


Prevalence of influenza vaccination and its association with health conditions and risk factors…

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 5-20 % of people are affected by influenza annually, and influenza causes more than 200,000 hospitalizations each year.


More Severe H1N1 Cases Recorded Across Europe, Middle East

The Guardian: Swine flu spreading across eastern Europe and Middle East “Swine flu has killed 183 people in Ukraine this winter and is spreading rapidly across eastern Europe and the Middle East. At least 107 people have died in Russia after contracting the disease, 18 in Armenia, and 10 in Georgia, according to government figures.…More


Need to Know: Zika Virus

James Gathany / Centers for Disease ControlThe Zika virus is transmitted through the bite of an Aedes mosquito, like the one shown above. Just as Ebola fades from the headlines, another infectious disease, the Zika virus, has captured the world’s attention. Although it’s been around for decades, Zika’s recent arrival in Brazil has made it a hot topic because of its suspected complications for pregnant women. Since May, 1 million cases have been recorded in Brazil, and nearly 4,000 infants have since been born with microcephaly, or an abnormally small head. The association between this condition and Zika in pregnant women is being investigated


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