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Insecticide treated nets, a fishy subject

Not long ago I had written a blog posting suggesting that widespread misuse of ITNs/LLINs was probably not a major problem. To date the main official published information on the topic came from a community near Lake Victoria that had received an abundance of nets through uncoordinated donor activity and the excess was being used to dry fish on the shore. True, newspaper articles over the years have featured Ministry of Health officials in numerous countries berating their citizens not to use nets for fishing, agriculture and other non-disease control needs, but evidence had not been forthcoming in the numerous national demographic, health and malaria surveys over the years. There is also the acknowledged possibility that old nets are being repurposed since there are inadequate disposal mechanisms available. Such concerns are not idle.

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Innovation, Increased Resources, Cooperation Can Eradicate Malaria

Huffington Post: The World Health Organization’s Annual World Malaria Report Martin Edlund, CEO of Malaria No More “…Now is the moment to put the world on a path to eradicating malaria within a generation, a feat that would rank as one of the greatest humanitarian achievements in history. To do that we need to think…More

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Major Progress at the Global Fund: One-Year ‘More Health for the Money’ Update

Last September, we released a report on how the Global Fund could get more health for its money. In it, we offered several concrete suggestions for improvements in several different value-for-money domains, all with an eye toward maximizing the health impact of every dollar spent. A lot can change in a year

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Improved Education, Alternative Prevention Methods Can Reduce Malaria Bed Net Misuse

Huffington Post: Education, Follow-up Helps Prevent Bed Net Misuse Rev. Larry Hollon, chief executive of United Methodist Communications “Bed nets intended to prevent malaria are used in fishing communities in Zambia to fish for food, which is sold in the local market, according to a report in the New York Times. … The root of…More


Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for point-of-care detection of asymptomatic…

Background: Asymptomatic, low parasite density malaria infections are difficult to detect with currently available point-of-care diagnostics.


Active case surveillance, passive case surveillance and asymptomatic malaria parasite screening…

Background: Epidemiological characteristics of clinical malaria may differ from asymptomatic infections, thus both cross-sectional parasite screening and longitudinal clinical case surveillance are necessary for malaria transmission monitoring and control.


Establishing a China malaria diagnosis reference laboratory network for malaria elimination

Background: In China, the prevalence of cases from malaria has reduced dramatically due to the malaria elimination programme.


Efficacy of chloroquine for the treatment of Plasmodium vivax in the Saharan zone in Mauritania

Background: In 2006, the Mauritanian Ministry of Health adopted a new therapeutic strategy based on the systematic use of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), artesunate-amodiaquine and artemether-lumefantrine, for the first- and second-line treatment of uncomplicated malaria, respectively, regardless of Plasmodium spp.


Fitness cost of resistance for lumefantrine and piperaquine-resistant Plasmodium berghei in a…

Background: The evolution of drug-resistant parasites is a major hindrance to malaria control, and thus understanding the behaviour of drug-resistant mutants is of clinical relevance.


Temporal changes in Plasmodium falciparum anti-malarial drug sensitivity in vitro and…

Background: In northern Papua New Guinea (PNG), most Plasmodium falciparum isolates proved resistant to chloroquine (CQ) in vitro between 2005 and 2007, and there was near-fixation of pfcrt K76T, pfdhfr C59R/S108N and pfmdr1 N86Y.


Whole Plant Artemisia Better Malaria Treatment In Mice Than Refined Active Ingredient, Study…

New York Times: Hold the Drug, Go Straight to the Source “Ground-up artemisia plants, from which the anti-malaria drug artemisinin is derived, appear to work much better than the refined drug does by itself, according to research at the University of Massachusetts…” (McNeil, 1/26).


Blog Posts, President’s Malaria Initiative Discuss NYT Article On Malaria Bednet Misuse

Malaria Matters: Insecticide treated nets, a fishy subject In his blog, Bill Brieger of Johns Hopkins University discusses the New York Times article and writes insecticide-treated net misuse “will persist until national malaria control programs focus less on the total numbers of nets distributed and more on the actual factors that influence net use” (1/26).…More


New York Times Examines Use Of Mosquito Nets For Fishing In Africa, Possible Unintended…

New York Times: Meant to Keep Malaria Out, Mosquito Nets Are Used to Haul Fish In “…Across Africa, from the mud flats of Nigeria to the coral reefs off Mozambique, mosquito-net fishing is a growing problem, an unintended consequence of one of the biggest and most celebrated public health campaigns in recent years. … Though…More


Insecticide treated nets, a fishy subject

mosquitowiki

Not long ago I had written a blog posting suggesting that widespread misuse of ITNs/LLINs was probably not a major problem. To date the main official published information on the topic came from a community near Lake Victoria that had received an abundance of nets through uncoordinated donor activity and the excess was being used to dry fish on the shore. True, newspaper articles over the years have featured Ministry of Health officials in numerous countries berating their citizens not to use nets for fishing, agriculture and other non-disease control needs, but evidence had not been forthcoming in the numerous national demographic, health and malaria surveys over the years. There is also the acknowledged possibility that old nets are being repurposed since there are inadequate disposal mechanisms available. Such concerns are not idle.


Sierra Leone Lifts Quarantines, Plans To Reopen Schools As Ebola Epidemic Slows

Agence France-Presse: S. Leone to reopen schools in March as Ebola retreats “Sierra Leone said on Thursday it would reopen schools across the country in March, with the deadly Ebola epidemic slowing throughout West Africa…” (1/22). Reuters: Sierra Leone lifts Ebola quarantine measures amid progress “Sierra Leone’s President Ernest Bai Koroma on Thursday removed Ebola…More


Prevalence of pfhrp2 and pfhrp3 gene deletions in Puerto Lempira, Honduras

Background: Recent studies have demonstrated the deletion of the histidine-rich protein 2 (PfHRP2) gene (pfhrp2) in field isolates of Plasmodium falciparum, which could result in false negative test results when PfHRP2-based rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are used for malaria diagnosis.


Impact of a behaviour change intervention on long-lasting insecticidal net care and repair…

Background: While some data on net durability have been accumulating in recent years, including formative qualitative research on attitudes towards net care and repair, no data are available on how the durability of a net is influenced by behaviour of net maintenance, care and repair, and whether behavioural change interventions (BCC) could substantially impact on the average useful life of the net.


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