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[Comment] Maternal age matters: for a lifetime, or longer

Pregnancies in adolescents (10–19-year-olds) and in older women (≥35 years) are hazardous for the mother and the child. Despite an almost universal decline in the adolescent birth rate since 1990,1 adolescent fertility still accounts for 11% of all births worldwide,2 with 95% of these births occurring in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs).2 In 2014, the average global birth rate among 15–19-year-olds was 49 per 1000 girls (1 in 20), with startling differences in rates between countries (from 1 to 299 per 1000), the highest rates occurring in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Prevention of sexually transmitted infections using mobile devices and ubiquitous computing

Background: Advances in the development of information and communication technologies have facilitated social interrelationships, but also sexual contacts without appropriate preventive measures.

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The Lancet Commission on #GlobalSurgery Report

Global Surgery 2030: evidence and solutions for achieving health, welfare, and economic development Watch Live The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery Report.

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Malaria preventive therapy in pregnancy and its potential impact on immunity to malaria in an…

Background: Regular anti-malarial therapy in pregnancy, a pillar of malaria control, may affect malaria immunity, with therapeutic implications in regions of reducing transmission.


Predicting Disability among Community-Dwelling Medicare Beneficiaries Using Claims-Based…

Objectives To assess the feasibility of using existing claims-based algorithms to identify community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries with disability based solely on the conditions for which they are being treated, and improving on these algorithms by combining them in predictive models.


Feasibility of a large cohort study in sub-Saharan Africa assessed through a four-country study

Background: Large prospective epidemiologic studies are vital in determining disease etiology and forming national health policy.


The SPIRIT Action Framework: A structured approach to selecting and testing strategies to…

Publication date: July 2015 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volumes 136–137 Author(s): Sally Redman , Tari Turner , Huw Davies , Anna Williamson , Abby Haynes , Sue Brennan , Andrew Milat , Denise O’Connor , Fiona Blyth , Louisa Jorm , Sally Green The recent proliferation of strategies designed to increase the use of research in health policy (knowledge exchange) demands better application of contemporary conceptual understandings of how research shapes policy.


Handling healthcare workforce planning with care: where do we stand?

Background: Planning the health-care workforce required to meet the health needs of the population, while providing service levels that maximize the outcome and minimize the financial costs, is a complex task.


[Articles] Cross-national and multilevel correlates of partner violence: an analysis of data…

Our findings suggest that policy makers could reduce violence by eliminating gender bias in ownership rights and addressing norms that justify wife beating and male control of female behaviour. Prevention planners should place greater emphasis on policy reforms at the macro-level and take cross-level effects into account when designing interventions.


[Articles] Global epidemiology of yaws: a systematic review

Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Ghana should be the focus of initial efforts at implementing the WHO yaws eradication strategy. Community-based mapping and active surveillance must accompany the implementation of yaws eradication activities.


Assessment of the Impact of Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis on Key Outcomes Among HIV-Infected Adults…

No abstract available


Using Surveillance Data to Assess the HIV Tipping Point in the United States

No abstract available


Objective measurement of sedentary behavior: impact of non-wear time rules on changes in…

Background: Accelerometry non-wear time rules might affect sedentary time, and the associations with health outcomes such as adiposity.


Importance of proximity to resources, social support, transportation and neighborhood security…

Background: Since mobility and social participation are key determinants of health and quality of life, it is important to identify factors associated with them.


The Friendship Bench programme: a cluster randomised controlled trial of a brief psychological…

Background: Common mental disorders (CMD) are a leading cause of disability globally.


A randomized, home-based, childhood obesity intervention delivered by patient navigators

Background: Although Colorado is perceived as a healthy state, in 2010, 14.1 % of children aged 2–5 were overweight and 9.1 % were obese.


Comprehensive health literacy in Japan is lower than in Europe: a validated Japanese-language…

Background: Health literacy, or the ability to access, understand, appraise and apply health information, is central to individuals’ health and well-being.


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