Professional truck drivers, as other shift workers, have been identified as a high-risk group for various health conditions including cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, sleep apnoea and stress.
Background: In 2013–2014, we achieved 89% adult HIV testing coverage using a hybrid testing approach in 32 communities in Uganda and Kenya (SEARCH: NCT01864603).
Background: Although HIV continues to spread globally, novel intervention strategies such as treatment as prevention (TasP) may bring the epidemic to a halt.
The Editorial in The Lancet Global Health1 about global health inequity raises some important issues. The global health community long ago acknowledged the worldwide disparities in health, but it has failed to take action; most of the efforts have been made in reporting the disparities among specific population groups. In understanding and tackling health inequalities, this effort is just the beginning.
Approximately 7000 stillbirths occur daily worldwide, and the vast majority of them (98%) take place in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs).1 Despite this enormous burden, progress to reduce the death toll is slow and insufficient.2 WHO released its Making every baby count3 guide in 2016, which includes strategies aimed at addressing the challenge of stillbirths. Given the flurry of activity and attention on stillbirths from the Lancet Stillbirth Epidemiology investigator group and WHO, we expect that the wealth of information about stillbirths that is generated will filter down in a timely manner to where it is needed most: the general public.
Publication date: December 2016 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 170 Author(s): Nadine Ijaz, Heather Boon, Linda Muzzin, Sandy Welsh Several United Nations bodies have advised countries to actively preserve Traditional Medicine (TM) knowledge and prevent its misappropriation in regulatory structures.
Publication date: December 2016 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 170 Author(s): Qing Wang, Donglan Zhang, Zhiyuan Hou The private health care sector has become an increasingly important complement to China’s health care system.
Objective The aim of this study was to estimate the incremental budget impact (IBI) of a rapid diagnostic test to detect G6PDd in male patients infected with Plasmodium vivax in the Brazilian Amazon, as compared to the routine protocol recommended in Brazil which does not include G6PDd testing.
Background: Ensuring early universal access to HIV treatment is critical to reach the end of AIDS.
Background: In the current antiretroviral (ART) era, the evolution of HIV guidelines and emergence of new ART agents might be expected to impact the times to ART initiation and HIV virologic suppression.
Pakistan has a population of 194 million people, of which approximately 182 million live in malaria-endemic regions.1 In Pakistan there are 500 000 new cases of malaria and 50 000 deaths caused by malaria each year.2 Plasmodium vivax is the culprit in 88% of malaria admissions,1 although Plasmodium falciparum often takes the spotlight, given its more severe course. Chloroquine has long been the drug offered to patients with unconfirmed malaria and those diagnosed with P vivax infection. Given the rise of drug resistance in many infectious agents due to poorly regulated drug use, it is no surprise that resistance has occurred in the organism that so frequently infects us.
Antimicrobial resistance is recognised as a serious global health threat requiring global action. However, much work remains to translate global strategies to combat antimicrobial resistance into national policy and action. In low-income and middle-income countries where vulnerable health-care systems require investment within constrained budgets, antimicrobial resistance strategies might not be prioritised, and indeed equitable versus restricted access to antibiotics present a conflicting challenge.
The seroprevalence of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection ranges from 30 to 90 % in developed countries.
HIV testing and serostatus awareness are essential to implement biomedical strategies (treatment as prevention; oral chemoprophylaxis), and for effective serostatus-based behaviours (HIV serosorting; strategic…
In April 2016, a mass food poisoning incident in a village in Punjab, Pakistan, claimed 30 lives and sent dozens more to hospitals seeking emergency care.