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How to reach every newborn: three key messages

The Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP) launched on June 30–July 1, 2014, envisages a world without preventable deaths of newborn infants. The challenge is not technical (effective interventions exist), but instead social. The odds of a child surviving the first month of life are grossly unequal, even within one country, and are affected by wealth, education, caste, and access to health care. Large gains are achievable when interventions reach people who are in need, but this rarely occurs. Without dedicated efforts to reach poor people, ENAP initiatives are likely to favour wealthier people who have the lowest mortality risk.

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#Post2015 health goals: could country-specific targets supplement global ones?

Although Millennium Development Goals 4, 5, and 6 have helped mobilise global action to improve health, many sub-Saharan African countries will not come close to Read More

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Newborn Health on the Line:  The Potential #mHealth Applications

New Article in JAMA by Smisha Agarwal, MPH, MBA, BDS and Alain Labrique, PhD, MHS, MS. JAMA Network | JAMA | Newborn Health on the Line:  The Potential mHealth Applications.

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[Corrections] Correction to Lancet Glob Health 2014; 2: e285–92

Peck R, Mghamba J, Vanobberghen F, et al. Preparedness of Tanzanian health facilities for outpatient primary care of hypertension and diabetes: a cross-sectional survey. Lancet Glob Health 2014; 2: e285–92—The Creative Commons licence for this Article should have been CC BY. The correction has been made to the online version as of July 28, 2014.


[Correspondence] Rural maternal mortality ratio in China

A recent letter to The Lancet drew attention to Chinese achievements with regard to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. The wide wealth and health disparities, including in maternal survival, in China, linked both to the urban–rural divide and to the east–west divide, have been noted many times. Here we draw attention to the closing gap between urban and rural maternal mortality ratio (MMR), both in terms of the drivers behind the dramatic drop in rural maternal mortality and the surprising lack of improvement in urban maternal mortality.


[Articles] Estimated risk of placental infection and low birthweight attributable to Plasmodium…

Our calculations are the only contemporary estimates of the geographical distribution of placental infection and associated low birthweight. The risk of placental infection across Africa in unprotected women is high. Prevention of malaria before conception or very early in pregnancy is predicted to greatly reduce incidence of low birthweight, especially in primigravidae. The underlying lifetime risk of low birthweight changes slowly with decreasing transmission, drawing attention to the need to maintain protection as transmission falls.


Governing through community-based research: Lessons from the Canadian HIV research sector

Publication date: Available online 12 July 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Adrian Guta , Carol Strike , Sarah Flicker , Stuart J.


Learning from a public health hero: What Would Ciro do Now?

Follow this link:  Learning from a public health hero: What Would Ciro do Now?


[Correspondence] Different liposomal amphotericin B formulations for visceral…

Control of visceral leishmaniasis requires access to low-cost, safe, and effective treatment. Amphotericin causes infusion-related fever, rigor, and nephrotoxicity, limiting its use. Ambisome—a liposomal amphotericin manufactured by Gilead—is better tolerated and is effective as a single dose. However, its limited production is inadequate for all cases of visceral leishmaniasis, and its cost needs further reduction.


[Correspondence] Different liposomal amphotericin B formulations for visceral leishmaniasis

In response to the promising results of a single dose of liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) to treat visceral leishmaniasis in Bangladesh, Nilima Kshirsagar (April issue), suggests that an alternative form—Fungisome—might soon qualify for similar use and application.


Sunlight exposure during leisure activities and risk of prostate cancer in Montreal, Canada,…

Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the leading cause of cancer in men in many developed countries, but no modifiable risk factors have been identified.


How do changes to the built environment influence walking behaviors? a longitudinal study…

Background: Previous studies testing the association between the built environment and walking behavior have been largely cross-sectional and have yielded mixed results.


‘Relieved Working’ study: systematic development and design of an intervention to decrease…

Background: Occupational quartz exposure continues to be a serious hazard in the construction industry.


A review of the effects of artemether-lumefantrine on gametocyte carriage and disease…

While significant advances have been made in the prevention and treatment of malaria in recent years, these successes continue to fall short of the World Health Organization (WHO) goals for malaria control and elimination.


A randomized study of contingency management and spirometric lung age for motivating smoking…

Background: Even after quitting illicit drugs, tobacco abuse remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in former injection drug users.


Access to artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and quinine in malaria holoendemic…

Background: Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) has been adopted as the most effective treatment against malaria in many endemic countries like Kenya while quinine has remained the second line.


A randomized study of contingency management and spirometric lung age for motivating smoking…

Background: Even after quitting illicit drugs, tobacco abuse remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in former injection drug users.


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