Over the past decades, both health inequalities and income inequalities have been increasing in many European countries, but it is unknown whether and how these trends are related.
Access to surgery remains inequitable worldwide, with 5 billion people lacking safe and affordable surgical and anaesthesia care when needed.1 The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery was convened in 2013 to assess the state of surgery around the world, provide recommendations for improving access, and propose indicators for assessing national surgical systems. A key safety indicator is the perioperative mortality rate (POMR). This is defined by the Commission as the number of all-cause deaths before discharge in patients who have undergone a procedure in an operating theatre, divided by the total number of procedures, and presented as a percentage.
Objective To understand the use of electronic health record (EHR) functionalities by physicians practicing in an underserved setting.
by Osama M. E. Seidahmed, Elfatih A.
by Dennis Hanke, Conrad M. Freuling, Susanne Fischer, Karsten Hueffer, Kris Hundertmark, Susan Nadin-Davis, Denise Marston, Anthony R.
by Sarah H. Wild, Janet Hanley, Stephanie C. Lewis, John A. McKnight, Lucy B. McCloughan, Paul L.
by Anke Harenberg, Aymeric de Montfort, Frédérique Jantet-Blaudez, Matthew Bonaparte, Florence Boudet, Melanie Saville, Nicholas Jackson, Bruno Guy Background Two large-scale efficacy studies with the recombinant yellow fever-17D–dengue virus, live-attenuated, tetravalent dengue vaccine (CYD-TDV) candidate undertaken in Asia (NCT01373281) and Latin America (NCT01374516) demonstrated significant protection against dengue disease during two years’ active surveillance (active phase). Long-term follow up of participants for breakthrough disease leading to hospitalization is currently ongoing (hospital phase). Methodology/Principal findings We assessed the cytokine profile in acute sera from selected participants hospitalized (including during the active phase) up to the beginning of the second year of long-term follow up for both studies.
by Jose C. Florez In this Perspective, Jose Florez discusses how information from genetics and genomics may be able to contribute to prevention of type 2 diabetes and predicting individual responses to behavioral and other interventions.
by Jill N. Ulrich, John C.
by Carla Cangalaya, Javier A. Bustos, Juan Calcina, Ana Vargas-Calla, Diego Suarez, Armando E.
PLOS Medicine Senior Editor Richard Turner discusses the fourth and final week of the Special Issue on Preventing Diabetes. Read about week one Read about week two Read about week three This fourth and ultimate week of PLOS Medicine’s
Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a life-threatening condition that often occurs during a critical period for a child’s growth and development. Treatment of SAM is among the most cost effective interventions to prevent childhood death.1 Thanks to the rapid expansion of community-based treatment programmes worldwide, every year millions of children are treated for SAM.
In the past two decades, several studies1,2 have consistently found that up to one-sixth of cancers worldwide are attributable to infectious pathogens. Cancers caused by infectious agents present unique opportunities for prevention and treatment; therefore, a detailed understanding of how infections contribute to cancer incidence, as well as the geographical and demographic diversity and natural history (ie, response to treatment and mortality) of infection-related cancers, is crucial.
Objective To assess the association between the prevalence of tongue cyst positive and antigen positive pigs across different settings in Africa, to evaluate whether examining pigs for cysts could be used as a rapid surveillance tool for identifying geographical areas with a higher probability of high transmission of cysticercosis.
Objective Using the example of Merck’s donations of ivermectin, to show how tax incentives and non-profit collaborators can make corporate largesse consistent with obligations to maximize returns to shareholders.
Publication date: Available online 22 July 2016 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Brenda R.