Professional truck drivers, as other shift workers, have been identified as a high-risk group for various health conditions including cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, sleep apnoea and stress.
by Jennifer R. Honda, Nabeeh A.
by Anjana Silva, Christopher Johnston, Sanjaya Kuruppu, Daniela Kneisz, Kalana Maduwage, Oded Kleifeld, A. Ian Smith, Sisira Siribaddana, Nicholas A.
Total nominal US health care spending increased 5.8 percent and reached $3.2 trillion in 2015.
Background: It is generally assumed that urban slum residents have worse health status when compared with other urban populations, but better health status than their rural counterparts.
Volume 27, Issue 1, February 2017, Page 1-5.
Objective To identify roles physicians assumed as part of new health care delivery models and related strategies that facilitated physician engagement across 21 Health Care Innovation Award (HCIA) programs.
Objective To test how Certificate of Need laws affect all-cause mortality in the United States.
by Johnny Vlaminck, Dries Masure, Tao Wang, Peter Nejsum, Cornelis H. Hokke, Peter Geldhof Background The pig parasite Ascaris suum plays and important role in veterinary medicine and represents a suitable model for A. lumbricoides, which infects over 800 million people
by Bixing Huang, Natalie A Prow, Andrew F. van den Hurk, Richard J.
by Mauricio Santos-Vega, Menno J Bouma, Vijay Kohli, Mercedes Pascual Background The world is rapidly becoming urban with the global population living in cities projected to double by 2050. This increase in urbanization poses new challenges for the spread and control of communicable diseases such as malaria.
by Daniela K Schlüter, Martial L Ndeffo-Mbah, Innocent Takougang, Tony Ukety, Samuel Wanji, Alison P Galvani, Peter J Diggle Lymphatic Filariasis and Onchocerciasis (river blindness) constitute pressing public health issues in tropical regions. Global elimination programs, involving mass drug administration (MDA), have been launched by the World Health Organisation. Although the drugs used are generally well tolerated, individuals who are highly co-infected with Loa loa are at risk of experiencing serious adverse events.
by Bo Wei, Lei Chen, Miho Kibukawa, John Kang, Hetty Waskin, Matthew Marton Chagas disease is caused by the parasitic infection of Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi). The STOP CHAGAS clinical trial was initiated in 2011 to evaluate posaconazole in treating Chagas disease, with treatment success defined as negative qualitative PCR results of detecting the parasites in blood specimens collected post-treatment
by Emmanuel Elanga Ndille, Souleymane Doucoure, Anne Poinsignon, François Mouchet, Sylvie Cornelie, Eric D’Ortenzio, Jean Sébastien DeHecq, Franck Remoue Background Arboviral diseases are an important public health concerns. Vector control remains the sole strategy to fight against these diseases. Because of the important limits of methods currently used to assess human exposure to Aedes mosquito bites, much effort is being devoted to develop new indicators.
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months offers protection from postnatal HIV infection but remains low in resource-poor settings.