Pregnancies in adolescents (10–19-year-olds) and in older women (≥35 years) are hazardous for the mother and the child. Despite an almost universal decline in the adolescent birth rate since 1990,1 adolescent fertility still accounts for 11% of all births worldwide,2 with 95% of these births occurring in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs).2 In 2014, the average global birth rate among 15–19-year-olds was 49 per 1000 girls (1 in 20), with startling differences in rates between countries (from 1 to 299 per 1000), the highest rates occurring in sub-Saharan Africa.
Background: Advances in the development of information and communication technologies have facilitated social interrelationships, but also sexual contacts without appropriate preventive measures.
Global Surgery 2030: evidence and solutions for achieving health, welfare, and economic development Watch Live The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery Report.
Background: Regular anti-malarial therapy in pregnancy, a pillar of malaria control, may affect malaria immunity, with therapeutic implications in regions of reducing transmission.
Objectives To assess the feasibility of using existing claims-based algorithms to identify community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries with disability based solely on the conditions for which they are being treated, and improving on these algorithms by combining them in predictive models.
Background: Large prospective epidemiologic studies are vital in determining disease etiology and forming national health policy.
Publication date: July 2015 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volumes 136–137 Author(s): Sally Redman , Tari Turner , Huw Davies , Anna Williamson , Abby Haynes , Sue Brennan , Andrew Milat , Denise O’Connor , Fiona Blyth , Louisa Jorm , Sally Green The recent proliferation of strategies designed to increase the use of research in health policy (knowledge exchange) demands better application of contemporary conceptual understandings of how research shapes policy.
Background: Planning the health-care workforce required to meet the health needs of the population, while providing service levels that maximize the outcome and minimize the financial costs, is a complex task.
Our findings suggest that policy makers could reduce violence by eliminating gender bias in ownership rights and addressing norms that justify wife beating and male control of female behaviour. Prevention planners should place greater emphasis on policy reforms at the macro-level and take cross-level effects into account when designing interventions.
Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Ghana should be the focus of initial efforts at implementing the WHO yaws eradication strategy. Community-based mapping and active surveillance must accompany the implementation of yaws eradication activities.
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Background: Accelerometry non-wear time rules might affect sedentary time, and the associations with health outcomes such as adiposity.
Background: Since mobility and social participation are key determinants of health and quality of life, it is important to identify factors associated with them.
Background: Common mental disorders (CMD) are a leading cause of disability globally.
Background: Although Colorado is perceived as a healthy state, in 2010, 14.1 % of children aged 2–5 were overweight and 9.1 % were obese.
Background: Health literacy, or the ability to access, understand, appraise and apply health information, is central to individuals’ health and well-being.