Journal Watch



The Price of Joining the ‘Middle Income Country’ Club: Reduced Access to Medical Innovation

On November 5, 2014, the WHO, WIPO and WTO will hold a joint symposium to discuss innovation and access to medical technologies in middle-income countries. In this post, Judit Rius Sanjuan and Rohit Malpani of Médecins Sans Frontières discuss the barriers … Continue reading »The post The Price of Joining the ‘Middle Income Country’ Club: Reduced Access to Medical Innovation appeared first on Speaking of Medicine.


“Controlling Ebola: Next Steps” by @RanuDhillon @JeffDSachs

In a new commentary in The Lancet, GHhub contributor Ranu Dhillon along with Jeff Sachs discuss the paradox of the current Ebola epidemic – “it is Read More


The hidden history of the HIV pandemic

The early spread and epidemic ignition of HIV-1 in human populations via Science Magazine.


Ecological niche modelling of Hemipteran insects in Cameroon; the paradox of a vector-borne…

Background: The mode of transmission of the emerging neglected disease Buruli ulcer is unknown.

International variation in neighborhood walkability, transit, and recreation environments using…

Background: The World Health Organization recommends strategies to improve urban design, public transportation, and recreation facilities to facilitate physical activity for non-communicable disease prevention for an increasingly urbanized global population.

[Comment] Prevention of syphilis: another positive benefit of male circumcision

Although rates of syphilis in the USA and Europe have increased slightly in the past decade, the greatest burden of syphilis lies in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, where nearly 10 million cases occur every year, and more than 36 million people globally harbour the disease. Recent studies have estimated that more than 5% of pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa are infected with the spirochaete bacterium, Treponema pallidum, which causes syphilis.T pallidum is mainly spread by sexual contact and disease begins with a painless genital ulcer.

[Comment] Transient benefits in young children of a nutrition intervention during pregnancy

In this issue of The Lancet Global Health, Delan Devakumar and colleagues report on the follow-up of children aged 8·5 years in southern Nepal whose mothers participated in a randomised controlled trial of multiple micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy. Control mothers received standard doses of iron and folic acid supplements. The offspring of mothers in the intervention group had significantly higher birthweights and higher weights and lower systolic blood pressures at age 2·5 years than the offspring of control mothers.

The impending globalization of ADHD: Notes on the expansion and growth of a medicalized…

Publication date: December 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 122 Author(s): Peter Conrad , Meredith R.

‘Every bone of my body:’ Domestic violence and the diagnostic body

Publication date: December 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 122 Author(s): Paige L.

Factors associated with death from dengue in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil: historical…

Objectives To analyse the clinical and epidemiological profiles of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF), dengue shock syndrome (DSS) and complicated dengue cases and deaths from 2008 to 2010 that occurred in the state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil, and to identify factors associated with death from dengue.

Mortality risk factors among HIV exposed infants in rural and urban Cameroon

Objectives HIV exposed infants, including those who do not become infected, have higher morbidity and mortality rates than HIV unexposed infants.

[Comment] Ending preventable child deaths: addressing the high-risk days after birth

As we approach the final target year for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), it is already clear that the world is not quite going to achieve MDG4: to reduce the child mortality rate (under 5) by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. The most recent report of the UN Interagency Group for Child Mortality Estimation has estimated that the child death rate dropped by 49% between 1990 and 2013, from 12·7 million deaths in 1990 to 6·3 million in 2013. Yet, despite an acceleration in the rate of reduction, from a global average 1·2% per annum in 1990–95 to 4·0% per year in 2005–13, progress remains insufficient to reach MDG4.

[Editorial] Polio: is the end in sight?

World Polio Day, on October 24, is an annual opportunity to revitalise attention and efforts towards the global eradication of this now rare but still fatal and devastatingly disabling infectious disease. 2014 has not felt like a good year for infectious disease control, yet just 3 months from now, a major date in the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013–18 will be reached. The first objective of the plan, launched in April last year, was “to stop all [wild poliovirus] transmission by the end of 2014”.

Estimating contact rates at a mass gathering by using video analysis: a proof-of-concept…

Background: Current approaches for estimating social mixing patterns and infectious disease transmission at mass gatherings have been limited by various constraints, including low participation rates for volunteer-based research projects and challenges in quantifying spatially and temporally accurate person-to-person interactions.

The impact of drought on the association between food security and mental health in a…

Background: The association between food insecurity and mental health is established.

Hidden Population Structure and Cross-species Transmission of Whipworms (Trichuris sp.) in…

by Ria R. Ghai, Noah D. Simons, Colin A.

P. vivax Malaria and Dengue Fever Co-infection: A Cross-Sectional Study in the Brazilian Amazon

by Belisa M. L.

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