Objectives Given the large scale adoption and deployment of mobile phones by health services and frontline health workers (FHW), we aimed to review and synthesize the evidence on the feasibility and effectiveness of mobile-based services on healthcare delivery.
In low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), systematic research regarding the prevalence and personal consequences of patients who are unable to pay their medical bills has been scarce. However, news headlines frequently tell a simple story of detention—eg, “Kenyan mothers too poor to pay for treatment locked up in hospital”.1 Similar reports are found in Burundi,2 Ghana,3 India,4 Liberia,5 Nigeria,6 the Philippines,7 and Zimbabwe.8
Appropriate ways to prioritise investments in health services has always been a challenge for countries, with various devices used based on whether whether the rationale is mainly economic or social. The present health focus calls for both a social and economic perspective, since universal health coverage dimensions are built from both viewpoints. In their Article in The Lancet Global Health, Stéphane Verguet and colleagues present interesting perspectives about the prioritisation of services as countries move towards universal health coverage.
Background: Coital dilution, the reduction in the coital frequency per partner when an additional ongoing partner is added, may reduce the transmission potential of partnership concurrency for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
Background: HIV risk is influenced by multiple factors including the behaviors and characteristics of sexual partners.
The establishment of ecological public health as crucial to modern public health is overdue.
Background: A number of synthetic pantothenate derivatives, such as pantothenamides, are known to inhibit the growth of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, by interfering with the parasite Coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthetic pathway.
Background: The recent emergence and spread of artemisinin resistance in the Greater Mekong Subregion poses a great threat to malaria control and elimination.
Background: Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of adverse health outcomes for both the mother and the child.
Background: In Nigeria, reports on the prevalence of modifiable cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors are scarce.
A previous investigation of Glasgow’s excess mortality showed that the (income) deprivation profiles for Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester were nearly identical.
Background: In 2007, Swaziland initiated a hub-and-spoke model for decentralizing antiretroviral therapy (ART) access.
Background: Poorly controlled HIV infection is associated with increased risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
by Alessio Giannelli, Vito Colella, Francesca Abramo, Rafael Antonio do Nascimento Ramos, Luigi Falsone, Emanuele Brianti, Antonio Varcasia, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Martin Knaus, Mark T. Fox, Domenico Otranto Background Gastropod-borne parasites may cause debilitating clinical conditions in animals and humans following the consumption of infected intermediate or paratenic hosts. However, the ingestion of fresh vegetables contaminated by snail mucus and/or water has also been proposed as a source of the infection for some zoonotic metastrongyloids (e.g., Angiostrongylus cantonensis)
by The PLOS Medicine Editors
by Larissa M. Bandeira, Silvia N. O.
by Vinicius Kannen, Enio C. de Oliveira, Bruno Zene Motta, Annuar Jose Chaguri, Mariângela Ottoboni Brunaldi, Sérgio B. Garcia Background Trypanosomiasis induces a remarkable myenteric neuronal degeneration leading to megacolon