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Intimate partner violence and HIV in sub-Saharan African

The findings indicate that male controlling behaviour in its own right, or as an indicator of ongoing or severe violence, puts women at risk of HIV infection. HIV prevention interventions should focus on high-prevalence areas and men with controlling behaviour, in addition to violence.

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Does socio-economic status explain the differentials in malaria parasite prevalence? Evidence…

Background: Malaria is commonly associated with poverty.

OpenStax College - Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web site. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/, Jun 19, 2013.

Sickle-cell disease: epi, equity and future directions

A new supplement from Nature Magazine on Sickle-cell disease explores treatments, cures and ways to improve equity in care. Nature Outlook : Sickle-cell disease.

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Impact of Xpert MTB/RIF for TB Diagnosis in a Primary Care Clinic with High TB and HIV…

by Helen S. Cox, Slindile Mbhele, Neisha Mohess, Andrew Whitelaw, Odelia Muller, Widaad Zemanay, Francesca Little, Virginia Azevedo, John Simpson, Catharina C. Boehme, Mark P. Nicol Background Xpert MTB/RIF is approved for use in tuberculosis (TB) and rifampicin-resistance diagnosis. However, data are limited on the impact of Xpert under routine conditions in settings with high TB burden.


(How) Can We Reduce Violence Against Women by 50% over the Next 30 Years?

by Rachel Jewkes


Correction: A Scabies Mite Serpin Interferes with Complement-Mediated Neutrophil Functions and…

by The PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases Staff


[Correspondence] Time for civil registration with verbal autopsy

The Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) in Asia and the Pacific is taking place on Nov 24–28, 2014, in Bangkok, Thailand. In recognition of this and parallel plans from the UN Economic Commission for Africa for a Ministerial Conference on CRVS for African countries, to be held in Côte d’Ivoire in February, 2015, it is timely to reiterate that the health sector’s most pressing need within CRVS systems is the inclusion of reliable and standardised cause-of-death procedures.


Differential patterns, trends and hotspots of road traffic injuries on different road networks…

Objective To describe spatial and temporal profiles of RTIs on different road networks in Vellore district of southern India.


Determinants of Common Mental Disorder, Alcohol Use Disorder and cognitive morbidity among…

Objective To investigate associations between background characteristics (psychosocial adversity, risk behaviours/perception of risk and HIV-related knowledge, perceptions and beliefs) and psychological and cognitive morbidity among people coming for testing for HIV/AIDS in Goa, India.


New technology and illness self-management: Potential relevance for resource-poor populations…

Publication date: Available online 5 November 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Henry Lucas Advances in technology have made it possible for many standard diagnostic and health monitoring procedures, traditionally carried out by qualified personnel within medical facilities, to be reliably undertaken by patients or carers in their own homes with a minimum of basic training.


Properties of the Portuguese version of the empowerment scale with mental health organization…

Background: This study examines the reliability and validity of the Portuguese version of the Empowerment Scale (ES) to be used in the community/psychosocial mental health field.


Evaluating the use of locally-based health facility assessments in Afghanistan: a pilot study…

Background: Through the Balanced Scorecard program there have been independent, annual and nationwide assessments of the Afghan health system from 2004 to 2013.


Correlates of prior HIV testing among men who have sex with men in Cameroon: a cross-sectional…

Background: Regular HIV testing is vital for timely linkage to the HIV care continuum and ensuring the success of behavioral and biomedical interventions to prevent HIV acquisition.


Educational mobility and weight gain over 13 years in a longitudinal study of young women

Background: Limited evidence exists about the role of education and own educational mobility on body weight trajectory.


Spatio-temporal distribution of malaria and its association with climatic factors and…

Background: Over the last decade, the incidence of confirmed malaria has declined significantly in Nepal.


Anti-malarial activity of a polyherbal product (Nefang) during early and established Plasmodium…

Background: The emerging resistance of Plasmodium species to currently available anti-malarials remains a public health concern, hence the need for new effective, safe and affordable drugs.


Why do local authorities undertake controlled evaluations of health impact? A qualitative case…

A significant amount of literature documents the challenges of undertaking evaluative research on the public health impacts of interventions in the non-health sector.


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