Journal Watch



Ebola vaccine shows promising results

Efficacy and effectiveness of an rVSV-vectored vaccine expressing Ebola surface glycoprotein: interim results from the Guinea ring vaccination cluster-randomised trial   Source: Ebola vaccine shows Read More

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Health Aid: Insights From A Review Of Cost-Effectiveness Studies

Health Aid Is Allocated Efficiently, But Not Optimally according to a new review of cost-effectiveness studies published in Health Affairs. Source: Health Aid Is Allocated Efficiently, Read More


Efficacy and Long-Term Safety of a Dengue Vaccine in Regions of Endemic Disease — NEJM

A new study on a Dengue Vaccine from The New England Journal of Medicine demonstrates an unexplained higher incidence of hospitalization for dengue in year 3 Read More


Proofs for PLOS ONE Paper : Does Pharmaceutical Pricing Transparency Matter? Examining…

Background: We review procurement and pricing transparency practices for pharmaceutical products.

An Indian pediatric emergency weight estimation tool: prospective adjustment of the Broselow…

Background: This study aims to remodel the Broselow Pediatric Emergency Tape for the Indian pediatric population.

Using conjoint analysis to develop a system of scoring policymakers’ use of research in…

Background: The importance of utilising the best available research evidence in the development of health policies, services, and programs is increasingly recognised, yet few standardised systems for quantifying policymakers’ research use are available.

Validation of the UKPDS 82 risk equations within the Cardiff Diabetes Model

Background: For end-users of diabetes models that include UKPDS 82 risk equations, an important question is how well these new equations perform.

[Comment] Implementation of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding programme in DR Congo

Implementation of a programme called the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding, the key component of the UNICEF/WHO Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) increases exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months, any breastfeeding at 12 months, and reduces diarrhoeal disease. These outcomes were shown in a cluster-randomised study of 31 hospitals and clinics (17 046 mother–infant pairs) in Belarus, in which BFHI was compared with standard care.1 The study by Marcel Yotebieng and colleagues2 published in The Lancet Global Health challenges the need for additional support during well-child visits and locally available breastfeeding support materials, and shows that formal accreditation might not be necessary to implement BFHI successfully (and is not readily achievable in many parts of the world).

Hospital Costs And Quality [From The Editor-in-Chief]

Continue reading here:   Hospital Costs And Quality [From The Editor-in-Chief]

Civil Unrest, Police Use Of Force, And The Public’s Health [Entry Point]

Recent clashes between citizens and police highlight long-standing inequities and the need for a public health response.

Reflections Of Five Former HHS Secretaries [Interview]

While agreeing that the Affordable Care Act is a step forward, these leaders have varying views on the difficult work that remains.

Ambulance Diversion Associated With Reduced Access To Cardiac Technology And Increased One-Year…

Ambulance diversion, which occurs when a hospital emergency department (ED) is temporarily closed to incoming ambulance traffic, is an important system-level interruption that causes delays in treatment and potentially lower quality of care.

Assessing Medicare’s Hospital Pay-For-Performance Programs And Whether They Are Achieving Their…

Three separate pay-for-performance programs affect the amount of Medicare payment for inpatient services to about 3,400 US hospitals.

[Articles] Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding programme to promote early initiation and…

In the setting of health-care clinics in DR Congo with a high proportion of mothers initiating breastfeeding, implementation of basic training in BFHI steps 1–9 had no additional effect on initiation of breastfeeding but significantly increased exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months of age. Additional support based on the same training materials and locally available breastfeeding support materials, offered during well-child visits (ie, step 10) did not enhance this effect, and might have actually lessened it.

[Editorial] The debate that shouldn’t be

Some health-related topics are guaranteed to stir up heated debate in the general public whenever they crop up in the news. Publishing a research paper on chronic fatigue syndrome, homoeopathy, or mode of childbirth is a recipe for a media field day, a lively letters section, and a jammed inbox. The Lancet Global Health experienced its first taste of such events when we published Cesar Victora and colleagues’ birth cohort study on breastfeeding and adult intelligence in March this year. Newspaper headlines proclaimed the “good news”, but many readers (notably in high-income countries) weren’t so sure.

Adapting an evidence-based intervention for autism spectrum disorder for scaling up in…

Background: Evidence-based interventions for autism spectrum disorders evaluated in high-income countries typically require highly specialised manpower, which is a scarce resource in most low- and middle-income settings.

Dioxin risk reduction programme at the most severe dioxin hot spot in Vietnam: Residual…

10.1080/17441692.2015.1062904<br/>Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh

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