Malnutrition & Obesity

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Links between child and adult chronic diseases: Lessons from Guatemala

Since 2013, I have had the great joy of working in rural Guatemala for the non-governmental organization Wuqu’ Kawoq | Maya Health Alliance—first during medical Read More

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Fish, food security and health in Pacific Island countries and territories: a systematic…

Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) face a double burden of disease, with a high prevalence of household food insecurity and childhood micronutrient deficiencies, accompanied by a burgeoning incre…

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Lychee fruit can kill underfed kids

Indian scientists confirm that toxins in the lychee fruit can cause fatal brain damage in underfed children.

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Maternal obesity and caesarean delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa

Objectives To quantify maternal obesity as a risk factor for caesarean delivery in sub-Saharan Africa.


The effect of nutritional supplementation on quality of life in people living with HIV: a…

Objective To determine the effects of lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) on the quality of life of people living with HIV (PLHIV) during the first 3 months of antiretroviral treatment (ART), and to investigate the effects of timing of supplementation by comparing with supplementation during the subsequent 3 months.


Lack of parental rule-setting on eating is associated with a wide range of adolescent unhealthy…

Unhealthy eating habits in adolescence lead to a wide variety of health problems and disorders.


Risk factors for chronic undernutrition among children in India: Estimating relative…

Publication date: May 2016 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 157 Author(s): Daniel J.


G7 Ministers Pledge To Promote Agricultural Innovation, Investment For Food Security

Bloomberg: Innovation, Investment Needed for Food Security: Ministers “Ministers from the Group of Seven nations agreed Sunday to promote agricultural innovation and investment as farmers face the twin challenges of an aging workforce and extreme weather at a time when global food demand is increasing…” (Takada, 4/24).


Re: Letter to the Editor in response to ‘How much excess body weight, blood sugar, or age can…

I express my thanks to the readers of our paper entitled “How much excess body weight, blood sugar, or age can double the risk of hypertension?’.1 It has been mentioned in the first paragraph of the letter that ‘we have underestimated the associations of overweight and obesity with hypertension due to large proportion of missing data’.


Effect of calcium and vitamin D on growth, rickets and Kashin-Beck disease in 0-5 year old…

Objective To evaluate the effect of calcium (15 mmol/day) and vitamin D (625 g/month), as single supplement or in combination, versus no supplement on growth, clinical signs of rickets and Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) and dental health.


What does India need to do to address childhood malnutrition at scale?

Publication date: May 2016 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 157 Author(s): Zulfiqar A.


Improving household-level nutrition-specific and nutrition–sensitive conditions key to…

Publication date: May 2016 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 157 Author(s): Daniel J.


Re: How much excess body weight, blood sugar, or age can double the risk of hypertension?

In their interesting article, Dr.


The Association Between Built Environment Attributes and Physical Activity in East Asian…

Asian adolescents living in Australia and England were found to be less active than their Western peers.


Underweight, Markers of Cachexia, and Mortality in Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective…

by Emily M. Bucholz, Hannah A Krumholz, Harlan M. Krumholz Background Underweight patients are at higher risk of death after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) than normal weight patients; however, it is unclear whether this relationship is explained by confounding due to cachexia or other factors associated with low body mass index (BMI). This study aimed to answer two questions: (1) does comprehensive risk adjustment for comorbid illness and frailty measures explain the higher mortality after AMI in underweight patients, and (2) is the relationship between underweight and mortality also observed in patients with AMI who are otherwise without significant chronic illness and are presumably free of cachexia? Methods and Findings We analyzed data from the Cooperative Cardiovascular Project, a cohort-based study of Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for AMI between January 1994 and February 1996 with 17 y of follow-up and detailed clinical information to compare short- and long-term mortality in underweight and normal weight patients (n = 57,574).


Neighbourhood effects on body constitution- a case study of Hong Kong

Publication date: Available online 13 April 2016 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Chien Tat Low, Poh Chin Lai, Han Dong Li, Wai Kit Ho, Paulina Wong, Si Chen, Wing Cheung Wong Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has long perceived environment as an integral part of the development of body constitution, which is a personal state of health closely related to disease presence.


Objectively measured sedentary behavior and physical activity of Finnish 7- to 14-year-old…

Regular physical activity (PA) forms the basis for healthy growth and development.


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