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Transforming research results into useful tools for global health: BOOST

We reported the results of the PRECOG study1 in the inaugural issue of The Lancet Global Health (July, 2013). Although visual outcomes of cataract surgery have usually been assessed weeks or months after surgery, this study of 4000 patients at 40 hospitals in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), where few patients return after operations, demonstrated that assessment of vision the day after surgery could reliably measure operative quality. We felt the readers of The Lancet Global Health might be interested to hear about the next chapter of this work.

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Our favorite Hub Originals from 2015

In case you missed it, here’s a roundup of our favorite Hub Originals from 2015. The Global Health Hub publishes original pieces from writers engaged Read More

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Why Tortillas May Hold The Key To Healthier Babies

In the U.S., pastas and breads come with a dose of folic acid, a B vitamin that prevents severe neural tube birth defects. But it’s Read More

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Ultrasound-guided “short” midline catheters for difficult venous access in the…

Background: Acutely ill patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) constantly require at least one fast and reliable peripheral intravenous (PIV) access.


Risk of Injurious Fall and Hip Fracture up to 26 y before the Diagnosis of Parkinson Disease:…

by Helena Nyström, Anna Nordström, Peter Nordström Background Low muscle strength has been found in late adolescence in individuals diagnosed with Parkinson disease (PD) 30 y later. This study investigated whether this lower muscle strength also may translate into increased risks of falling and fracture before the diagnosis of PD. Methods and Findings Among all Swedish citizens aged ≥50 y in 2005, two nested case–control cohorts were compiled. In cohort I, individuals diagnosed with PD during 1988–2012 (n = 24,412) were matched with up to ten controls (n = 243,363), and the risk of fall-related injuries before diagnosis of PD was evaluated.


Transforming research results into useful tools for global health: BOOST

12735703283_5723ccdc74_o

We reported the results of the PRECOG study1 in the inaugural issue of The Lancet Global Health (July, 2013). Although visual outcomes of cataract surgery have usually been assessed weeks or months after surgery, this study of 4000 patients at 40 hospitals in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), where few patients return after operations, demonstrated that assessment of vision the day after surgery could reliably measure operative quality. We felt the readers of The Lancet Global Health might be interested to hear about the next chapter of this work.


Middle East Conflicts Causing Widespread Hunger, Medical Supply, Fuel Shortages

Associated Press: In Mideast wars, hunger grips millions across the region “In a Middle East torn apart by war and conflict, fighters are increasingly using food as a weapon of war. Millions of people across countries like Syria, Yemen, and Iraq are gripped by hunger, struggling to survive with little help from the outside world.…More


Accountability across the Continuum: The Participation of Postacute Care Providers in…

Objective To examine the extent to which accountable care organizations (ACOs) formally incorporate postacute care providers.


Inequity in waiting for cataract surgery – an analysis of data from the Swedish National…

Background: Swedish Health and Medical Services act states that good care should be given to the entire population on equal terms.


Optimising the management of trachomatous trichiasis

Caused by repeated ocular infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, trachoma results in blindness in the poorest of the poor.1 Going blind from trachoma is painful:2 eyelashes from scarred eyelids abrade the cornea, and alterations in the tear film make the cornea vulnerable to destructive secondary bacterial and fungal infections. Sufferers often pull out their own misdirected eyelashes if they are unable to access, unwilling to request, or unaware of the availability of the operations that might reposition those eyelashes and save their sight.


Posterior lamellar versus bilamellar tarsal rotation surgery for trachomatous…

PLTR surgery was superior to BLTR surgery for management of trachomatous trichiasis, and could be the preferred procedure for the programmatic management of trachomatous trichiasis.


Impacts on Emergency Department Visits from Personal Responsibility Provisions: Evidence from…

Objective To examine the impact of a 2007 redesign of West Virginia’s Medicaid program, which included an incentive and nudging scheme intended to encourage better health care behaviors and reduce Emergency Department (ED) visits.


Community perceptions of risk factors for interpersonal violence in townships in Cape Town,…

10.1080/17441692.2015.1123751<br/>Prestige Tatenda Makanga


10-y Risks of Death and Emergency Re-admission in Adolescents Hospitalised with Violent, Drug-…

by Annie Herbert, Ruth Gilbert, Arturo González-Izquierdo, Alexandra Pitman, Leah Li Background Hospitalisation for adversity-related injury (violent, drug/alcohol-related, or self-inflicted injury) has been described as a “teachable moment”, when intervention may reduce risks of further harm. Which adolescents are likely to benefit most from intervention strongly depends on their long-term risks of harm. We compared 10-y risks of mortality and re-admission after adversity-related injury with risks after accident-related injury. Methods and Findings We analysed National Health Service admissions data for England (1 April 1997–31 March 2012) for 10–19 y olds with emergency admissions for adversity-related injury (violent, drug/alcohol-related, or self-inflicted injury; n = 333,009) or for accident-related injury (n = 649,818). We used Kaplan–Meier estimates and Cox regression to estimate and compare 10-y post-discharge risks of death and emergency re-admission


Better the donor you know? A qualitative study of renal patients’ views on ‘altruistic’…

Publication date: February 2016 Source:Social Science &amp; Medicine, Volume 150 Author(s): Phillippa K.


Our favorite Hub Originals from 2015

IMG_1737

In case you missed it, here’s a roundup of our favorite Hub Originals from 2015. The Global Health Hub publishes original pieces from writers engaged Read More


The Lancet Commission’s Global Surgery Plan Offers Lessons For Large Businesses

Washington Post: Large businesses can learn from lessons on global surgical treatment Gerry Yemen, senior researcher at the University of Virginia Darden School of Business, and John G. Meara, professor of global surgery at Harvard Medical School “…Leaders at a top medical journal, The Lancet, created a commission on global surgery to examine the realities,…More


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