Tobacco, alcohol, & drugs

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Science, global health, and irrational health behaviors

Ed. Note: Sara Gorman will be joining us once a month to highlight different aspects of her forthcoming book on science denialism.  Have you ever Read More

The inequitable distribution of tobacco outlet density: the role of income in two Black…

Studies have shown that communities with higher concentrations of low-income racial and ethnic minorities correlate with a greater presence of tobacco outlets.

Mexico SimSmoke: how changes in tobacco control policies would impact smoking prevalence and…

10.1080/17441692.2015.1123749<br/>Nancy L.

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Tobacco control can save billions of dollars and millions of lives

Policies to control tobacco use, including tobacco tax and price increases, can generate significant government revenues for health and development work, according to a new landmark global report from WHO and the National Cancer Institute of the United States of America.


Comparison of pharmaceutical, illicit drug, alcohol, nicotine and caffeine levels in wastewater…

Monitoring the scale of pharmaceuticals, illicit and licit drugs consumption is important to assess the needs of law enforcement and public health, and provides more information about the different trends with…


Tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure in young adolescents aged 12–15 years:…

Tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure were frequent among young adolescents aged 12–15 years in low-income and middle-income countries. Parental tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure were strongly associated with young adolescents’ tobacco use. The data emphasise the need to strengthen tobacco control interventions and programmes in young adolescents from low-income and middle-income countries.


How to reduce adolescent smoking in low-income and middle-income countries

Based on current trends, smoking is predicted to cause 1 billion deaths in the 21st century.1 Nevertheless, there are signs of hope. Although the number of smokers has increased worldwide due to population growth, daily smoking prevalence among men fell from 41% in 1980 to 31% in 2012, and from 11% to 6% in women in the same time.2 52 years since the first US Surgeon General’s report on smoking and health, the academic and policy debate is increasingly about the most efficient strategies for the tobacco endgame and a world where less than 5% of the adult population use tobacco.


WHO’s Protocol To Eliminate Illicit Trade In Tobacco Products Faces Implementation Challenges

Forbes: The Rise Of Illicit Tobacco Roger Bate, scholar at the American Enterprise Institute “…As a result [of the WHO’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC),] overall smoking has probably declined, but illicit cigarettes have flourished. … It was inevitable and perhaps necessary that WHO would react to the rise of illicit tobacco. It has…More


Changes in living arrangement, daily smoking, and risky drinking initiation among young Swiss…

The aim of this study was to assess the association between changes in living arrangement and the initiation of daily smoking and monthly risky single-occasion drinking (RSOD) in a cohort of young Swiss men.


A reverse factual analysis of the association between smoking and memory decline in China

Whether smoking accelerates memory recession has been a topic of significant research.


Addressing NCDs through research and capacity building in LMICs: lessons learned from tobacco…

Confronting the global non-communicable diseases (NCDs) crisis requires a critical mass of scientists who are well versed in regional health problems and understand the cultural, social, economic, and political contexts that influence the effectiveness of interventions.


Drug treatment reforms in the Philippines race against daily killings

President Rodrigo Duterte is waging a deadly war on drugs in the Philippines, and the international human rights community has no kind words for him. But amid the snowballing death toll, some are seeing opportunity for positive change. The Dangerous Drugs Board of the Philippines released a statement last month saying that the “surge of


What explains advocacy success in setting global agendas? Comparing Tobacco v Alcohol and four…

Oxfam researcher/evaluation adviser Uwe Gneiting introduces a new set of case studies It’s an age-old puzzle – why do some advocacy and campaigning efforts manage to influence the political agendas of governments, international institutions and corporations but others don’t? What explains the difference in attention, resource mobilization and policy traction of some issues (e.g. anti-Apartheid, HIV/AIDS) compared to others (e.g. the limited success of gun control …


News in the Humanosphere: Philippines continue harsh crackdown on drug trade

The Philippines’ new president, Rodrigo Duterte, on Sunday publicly accused scores of judges, mayors, lawmakers, military personnel and police officers of involvement with the illegal drug trade, giving them 24 hours to surrender for investigation or, he said, be “hunted” down. Mr. Duterte rejected calls last week from international human rights groups to observe due


Advancing the evidentiary base for tobacco warning labels: A commentary

Publication date: September 2016 Source:Social Science &amp; Medicine, Volume 164 Author(s): Joseph N.


News in the Humanosphere: Indonesia rebuffs international pressure and executes drug offenders

The Indonesian government carried out executions of four convicted drug traffickers, Al Jazeera has learned. The attorney general’s office had said earlier on Thursday that 14 people, including foreigners, would be executed “soon” The executions were the third set carried out since President Joko Widodo took office in October 2014.  Widodo’s two-year-old administration will have


Bolivia reaches goal of reducing land used to grow coca

In the latest evidence of the country’s success, a recent report from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) found that the area of land dedicated to coca leaf cultivation in Bolivia dropped from 20,400 to 20,200 hectares – 1 percent – from 2014 to 2015. A one percent drop seems insignificant, but


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