Infant & Child Health

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Private health care for diarrhea in Africa kills 20,000 kids annually

A nurse gives oral rehydration salts to a two-year-old in Sierra Leone. UNICEF Children in sub-Saharan Africa who suffer from diarrhea are receiving lifesaving treatment at a lower rate when visiting private hospitals as compared to public ones. Closing that gap would save an estimated 20,000 lives each year. When a child present signs of … Continue reading →

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Safe drinking water keeps Cambodian kids in school

Children walking to school, Kampong Cham, Cambodia. Karen Murphy If you build it, he will come. In the case of Cambodian schools it is more like: if you provide safe drinking water, kids will go to school. When schools provided treated water in containers, the rate of absence for students dropped.

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Economic growth and early childhood undernutrition: evidence from 36 LMIC

“Economic growth is widely regarded as a necessary, and often sufficient, condition for the improvement of population health. We aimed to assess whether macroeconomic growth…

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Private health care for diarrhea in Africa kills 20,000 kids annually

africa-map-wiki-Author-Hristov

A nurse gives oral rehydration salts to a two-year-old in Sierra Leone. UNICEF Children in sub-Saharan Africa who suffer from diarrhea are receiving lifesaving treatment at a lower rate when visiting private hospitals as compared to public ones. Closing that gap would save an estimated 20,000 lives each year. When a child present signs of … Continue reading →


Safe drinking water keeps Cambodian kids in school

cambodia flag

Children walking to school, Kampong Cham, Cambodia. Karen Murphy If you build it, he will come. In the case of Cambodian schools it is more like: if you provide safe drinking water, kids will go to school. When schools provided treated water in containers, the rate of absence for students dropped.


Income growth is great, just not for reducing child undernutrition

Nurse in Somalia measures child for malnutrition signs. Enough / Laura Heaton One out of every four kids in the world were not growing at the right rate (stunted) in 2011. That is a decrease by one-third over the past two decades. Similar improvements have been made on reducing the number of underweight children, but … Continue reading →


Economic growth and early childhood undernutrition: evidence from 36 LMIC

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“Economic growth is widely regarded as a necessary, and often sufficient, condition for the improvement of population health. We aimed to assess whether macroeconomic growth…


Tackling the Health and Economic Risks of Child Marriage

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Early this year, the conversation about child marriage shifted from human rights to that of health and education. Child marriage is still a hot button…


Can Coaching Health Workers Improve the Performance of Health Systems?

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In Andhra Pradesh, India, we are working with the government and SVS Medical College to pilot a model for on-site coaching: http://cgsd.columbia.edu/2014/03/17/can-coaching-health-workers-improve-the-performance-of-health-systems/


Food affordability, Optifood, and the complexity of developing nutritional solutions for children

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A few weeks ago an interesting and important technical report from the FANTA project was released on dietary research conducted in Guatemala. The report has…


From OECD Financial Secrecy to African Child Mortality

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This is a joint post with Bernadette O’Hare (St Andrews University) and Innocent Makuta (University of Malawi). As new research reveals the stark scale of unnecessary child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa linked to illicit financial flows, the OECD has today launched a damning report on the financial secrecy and related failings of its own member states. Global policy commitments are required to turn the rhetoric against illicit financial flows and tax abuse into reality. A tumultuous year for tax is coming to a close – a year that has seen high-level political confirmation, at the G20 and G8 summits and from UNECA’s High Level Panel on illicit flows out of Africa, of the importance of greater financial transparency in rich countries to curtail tax abuse and corruption that predominantly affect poorer ones. The OECD report, ‘Measuring OECD Responses to Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries’, paints a picture of a membership that lags far behind this international consensus.


Study Explores Steep Decline in Child Mortality

A paper published this week in the peer-reviewed journal PLOS ONE describes how a new model for health care delivery in Yirimadjo, Mali, may have helped reduce the rate of child mortality from 155/1000 to 17/1000 over a three-year span. The paper, which is co-authored by PIH’s Drs. Paul Farmer and Joia Mukherjee, among other colleagues from Harvard Medical School, the University of California San Francisco, and the Malian Ministry of Health, notes that there was an approximately tenfold increase in the number of home and clinic patient visits over the course of the study. The new health care model used several strategies, including active case-finding by community health workers; removing health service fees for those who couldn’t afford to pay; and community education and empowerment programs.


The Right to Be a Girl: Moving From Rhetoric to Reality

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You can also read Purnima’s blog on The Huffington Post World. 2013 has been an exciting year for girls. The rallying cry for girls’ education,…