Infant & Child Health

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800px-Community_health_worker_gives_a_vaccination_in_Odisha_state,_India_(8380317750)

Realistic portrayal of the scientific community needed to combat science denial

With the recent release of the movie “Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe,” I’m seeing a few blog posts and articles pop up about the hegemonic Read More

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Reflections on a year of malnutrition

Malnutrition is frustrating. I often sit in the office, analyzing data from our programs, and feel helpless. Children who stay the same height for two Read More

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Why the World Can’t Wait for Universal Preschool

As a pediatric resident I spend a lot of time with preschool-aged children in the hospital or at clinic. I have the privilege of watching Read More

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Why I fight pneumonia

Nearly a decade ago, I joined the fight against pneumonia. The reasons were compelling then and still are. But, what I witnessed one hot day in The Gambia continually reminds me why I stay the course. I officially joined up when I signed on at PATH to lead a vaccine development project to fight the […] ; ; ; ;Related StoriesMeet the superheroes fighting diarrheal diseaseMy 30 years of hope, empowerment, and politics in reproductive healthPolio, pride, and love: the story of an exceptional mother and her son ;


‘Uruguay Model’ Offers Opportunity For Women To Undergo Safer Abortions Despite Legal…

New York Times: From Uruguay, a Model for Making Abortion Safer Patrick Adams, freelance journalist “…It started 10 years before [Uruguay legalized abortion in 2012], with a medical protocol called the ‘Uruguay Model.’ Described by its architects as an ‘intermediate step’ toward allowing abortion, the protocol was designed to make safer the many abortions then…More


Child mortality in Malawi – Authors’ reply

We thank Rob Yates for his letter and agree that Malawi’s consistent absence of user fees in public facilities will have probably facilitated access to care and financial protection, which might have benefited health outcomes. Indeed, a recent analysis by Manthalu and colleagues1 found positive effects of user fee removal on access to antenatal and delivery services in private facilities in Malawi. An analysis by Leone and colleagues2 also found a positive effect of user fee removal on institutional deliveries in Burkina Faso and Ghana.


Emphasis On Equity, Health Care Access Critical To Ending Preventable Child, Maternal Deaths

Huffington Post: Reaching the Unreached: How an Emphasis on Equity Can Help End Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths Ariel Pablos-Mendez, assistant administrator for global health and child and maternal survival coordinator at USAID “…Equity is at the heart of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)’s 2016 Acting on the Call report. … As more…More


Exclusive Breastfeeding and Cognition, Executive Function, and Behavioural Disorders in Primary…

by Tamsen J. Rochat, Brian Houle, Alan Stein, Hoosen Coovadia, Anna Coutsoudis, Chris Desmond, Marie-Louise Newell, Ruth M. Bland Background Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is associated with early child health; its longer-term benefits for child development remain inconclusive. We examine the associations between EBF, HIV exposure, and other maternal/child factors and the cognitive and emotional-behavioural development of children aged 7–11 y. Methods and Findings The Vertical Transmission Study (VTS) supported EBF in HIV-positive and HIV-negative women; between 2012 and 2014, HIV-negative VTS children (332 HIV exposed, 574 HIV unexposed) were assessed in terms of cognition (Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children Second Edition [KABC-II]), executive function (Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment Second Edition [NEPSY-II]), and emotional-behavioural functioning (parent-reported Child Behaviour Checklist, [CBCL]).


Realistic portrayal of the scientific community needed to combat science denial

800px-Community_health_worker_gives_a_vaccination_in_Odisha_state,_India_(8380317750)

With the recent release of the movie “Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe,” I’m seeing a few blog posts and articles pop up about the hegemonic Read More


Ending Preventable Child Deaths Possible With Financial, Political Commitments

Quartz: India is proof that health care miracles can save millions of children from death and disease Mathuram Santosham, professor of international health and pediatrics at Johns Hopkins University, director of the Johns Hopkins Center for American Indian Health, and co-chair of the ROTA Council “…Four decades on, child mortality in India has been cut…More


Infant oral mutilation in East Africa ‒ therapeutic and ritual grounds

This paper reviews the practice and ritual traditions of infant oral mutilation, drawing on a literature search in PubMed and Google Scholar, historical reports, relevant textbooks, NGO materials and personal observations of the authors.


Correction: All-Cause Mortality of Low Birthweight Infants in Infancy, Childhood, and…

by The PLOS Medicine Staff


Indian City Of Hyderabad To Vaccinate 300K Children After Active Polio Strain Detected In…

Associated Press: Indian city on alert as polio strain found in sewage water “A city of nearly seven million people in southern India has declared a ‘high alert’ for polio after an active strain of the virus was found in samples of sewage water, an official said Wednesday…” (Farooq, 6/15). VOA News: India: Traces of…More


Neonatal mortality and topical application of chlorhexidine on umbilical cord stump: a…

To examine the efficacy of topical chlorhexidine as an intervention on neonatal umbilical cord stumps and its association with neonatal mortality and omphalitis.


Ireland’s Abortion Law Discriminatory, Inhumane To Women, U.N. Human Rights Committee Finds

Associated Press: U.N.: Ireland’s abortion ban is cruel, discriminatory to women “Ireland’s abortion ban subjects women to discriminatory, cruel, and degrading treatment and should be ended immediately for cases involving fatal fetal abnormalities, U.N. human rights experts said Thursday…” (Pogatchnik, 6/9). The Atlantic: United Nations Panel Tells Ireland to Change its Abortion Ban “…Abortion is…More


Almost 81M Children In Developing Countries Fail To Reach Mental Development Benchmarks, Study…

Thomson Reuters Foundation: A third of children in poor nations fail to meet mental development milestones: research “One third of young children living in developing nations are failing to meet basic mental development milestones, which could adversely affect their health, success in adulthood, and education levels, researchers said on Tuesday. Nearly 81 million children between…More


Reflections on a year of malnutrition

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Malnutrition is frustrating. I often sit in the office, analyzing data from our programs, and feel helpless. Children who stay the same height for two Read More


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