Infant & Child Health

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How did Zika rise so quickly to the top of the global health policy agenda?

The World Health Organization reported the first local transmission of Zika virus in the Western Hemisphere in May 2015. Since then, transmission was identified in 18 countries Read More

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Links between child and adult chronic diseases: Lessons from Guatemala

Since 2013, I have had the great joy of working in rural Guatemala for the non-governmental organization Wuqu’ Kawoq | Maya Health Alliance—first during medical Read More

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“These things are dangerous”: Understanding induced abortion trajectories in urban Zambia

Publication date: March 2016 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 153 Author(s): Ernestina Coast, Susan F.

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Maternal obesity and caesarean delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa

Objectives To quantify maternal obesity as a risk factor for caesarean delivery in sub-Saharan Africa.


The relationship between parenting attitudes, negative cognition, and the depressive symptoms…

Parenting style is one potential contributor to the development of adolescents’ cognitions, self-esteem and emotional problems.


HIV-free survival at 12 – 24 months in breastfed infants of HIV-infected women on ART

Objective To provide estimates of HIV-free survival at 12-24 months in breastfed children by maternal ART (6 months or lifelong) to inform WHO HIV and Infant Feeding guidelines.


Female Genital Mutilation Increasing In Guinea Among Younger Girls, U.N. Report Says

Thomson Reuters Foundation: Girls in Guinea cut at earlier age as female support for FGM rises: U.N. “Girls in Guinea are increasingly being subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM) before the age of 10, and support for the practice among women and girls in the West African nation is on the rise, the United Nations…More


Continued U.S. Investment In HIV Prevention Critical To Women’s Health In Africa

Washington Post: Letter to the Editor: How Americans help Africans fight HIV Zeda Rosenberg, founding chief executive of the International Partnership for Microbicides “…Important HIV prevention programs funded by U.S. taxpayers can significantly reduce new infections among vulnerable girls and women so they can stay healthy and thrive. … There will be no silver bullet…More


Analysis of policy towards improvement of perinatal mortality in the Netherlands (2004–2011)

Publication date: May 2016 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 157 Author(s): Amber A.


Risk factors for chronic undernutrition among children in India: Estimating relative…

Publication date: May 2016 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 157 Author(s): Daniel J.


A refrigerator can save a life: improving the supply chain to protect African kids

This post is part of the #ProtectingKids story roundup. Read all the stories here. The Bunaseke Health Center in the remote Mount Elgon ranges of Uganda went two years without a refrigerator. That might seem unremarkable to some, but clinics need refrigerators to keep many vaccines cold and potent. A refrigerator can save a life. Without […] ; ; ; ;Related StoriesFrom heartbreak to hope: Argentina’s progress in maternal immunizationProtecting Kids: powerful stories of immunization from the field6 infographics: How the world is making malaria history ;


From heartbreak to hope: Argentina’s progress in maternal immunization

This post is part of the #ProtectingKids story roundup. Read all the stories here. The most moving case I have ever encountered as a pediatrician came early in my career. The patient was a baby girl called Sol.


Prevalence and risk factors of child neglect in the general population

Child neglect is a major public health problem.


Effects of community health interventions on under-5 mortality in rural…

Our package of community-based interventions did not reduce under-5 mortality in rural Guinea-Bissau. The short timeframe and other trial limitations might have affected our results. Community-based health promotion and basic first-line services in fragile contexts with weak secondary health service infrastructure might be insufficient to reduce child deaths.


Assessing the effectiveness of Australian early childhood education and care experiences: study…

In Australia, 61.5 % of children aged 3–4 attend Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) programs.


Is There Evidence of Poorer Birth Outcomes for Mothers and Babies When the Most Senior…

by Jenny E. Myers, Edward D. Johnstone In this Perspective on the study by Hannah Knight and colleagues, Jenny Myers and Edward Johnstone consider the implications of negative findings in a variable setting in which adverse events are rare.


The critical role of obstetric anaesthesia in low-income and middle-income countries

In the current issue of The Lancet Global Health, Soha Sobhy and colleagues1 have compiled the first systematic review and meta-analysis of anaesthesia-related maternal mortality in low-income and middle-income countries. They find that anaesthesia contributes 2·8% of all maternal deaths in these settings. Although this percentage is small, the overall frequency of anaesthesia-related maternal death is 300-fold higher for neuraxial anaesthesia and 900-fold higher for general anaesthesia than that reported for the USA (1·2 per 1000 women undergoing an obstetric procedure vs 3·8 per million, and 5·9 per 1000 vs 6·5 per million, respectively).


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