Infant & Child Health

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The burden of the gift of aid

The splendor of Lake Atitlán is unreal. No water should be so blue, no sky so clear, no hills so lush. The lake is a Read More

To Use or Not to Use: the Clinical Dilemma of Antimicrobials

    Understandably frustrated after 4 weeks of mild coughing, a nicely dressed businesswoman had come for an evaluation. I looked for infection in her Read More

A Healthy Start to Life: Cultural Barriers and the Global Trend Toward Early and Exclusive Breastfeeding

There has been accumulating evidence that early initiation of breastfeeding, within the first hour of birth, and exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of Read More

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E. coli contamination of child complementary foods and association with domestic hygiene in…

Objective To determine the frequency and concentration of E.


Waterpipe tobacco smoking prevalence and illegal underage use in waterpipe-serving premises: a…

Waterpipe tobacco smoking has received little epidemiological and policy attention in the UK despite reports of increasing prevalence alongside an anecdotally non-compliant industry.


A Healthy Start to Life: Cultural Barriers and the Global Trend Toward Early and Exclusive Breastfeeding

There has been accumulating evidence that early initiation of breastfeeding, within the first hour of birth, and exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of Read More


Protecting newborns from infection in healthcare settings

Rachel Smith, Medical Epidemiologist Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion’s International Infection Control Program Each year, a staggering 3.6 million babies globally will die within the first four weeks of life. Tweet This As a mother, the safety of my baby is of utmost importance to me. Yet each year, a staggering 3.6 million babies globally will die within the first four weeks of life. Tragically, many of these deaths are preventable.


Breaking the Cycle of Poverty: An Argument For Immediate Postpartum Long-Acting Reversible Contraception

Every year, the Guttmacher Institute provides data on pregnancy incidence by intention status and outcome worldwide. In 2012, out of the 213 million pregnancies that Read More


Obstetrics and Equity in Kenya

As a second year OBGYN resident based in San Francisco, I spent my second year elective at the Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) in Nairobi, Kenya. Read More


A Quiet Crisis: Reproductive Health Among Displaced Syrians

Every day, almost 500 women die during pregnancy or childbirth in humanitarian settings. Additionally, nearly sixty percent of preventable maternal deaths take place in regions Read More


WHO and partners call for better working conditions for midwives

WHO and partners are calling for an end to the discrimination, harassment and lack of respect that hinder midwives’ ability to provide quality care to women and newborns.


Breastfeeding can reduce maternal, child mortality in the U.S., study finds

Breastfeeding, long considered solely in terms of children’s health, has a much larger impact on women’s health than previously thought, according to a new study. Researchers found that suboptimal breastfeeding has a substantial impact on both maternal and pediatric health outcomes and costs. Supporting women to help them meet optimal breastfeeding targets – defined as


Testing moms to stop syphilis in newborns

Last week, on the heels of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s newest surveillance report on sexually transmitted infections, a little-known infection affecting newborns made news. Congenital syphilis, a condition where pregnant women pass syphilis to their babies during pregnancy or childbirth, is on the rise in the United States. During 2015, 487 cases […] ; ; ; ;Related StoriesThe multidimensional fight against polioThe essential fight for positive changeThe race to immunize a country—and a little girl named Precious ;


Effectiveness of 4% chlorhexidine umbilical cord care on neonatal mortality in…

Despite substantial reductions previously reported in south Asia, chlorhexidine cord applications did not significantly reduce neonatal mortality rates in Zambia. Chlorhexidine cord applications do not seem to provide clear benefits for newborn babies in settings with predominantly facility-based deliveries and lower (<30 deaths per 1000 livebirths) neonatal mortality rates.


The MRI evidence in favor of cash transfers

On July 15th, 2016, Dr. Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank and co-founder of the non-governmental organization Partners in Health, presented striking evidence Read More


Progress in south Asia after the launch of the Global Every Newborn Action Plan

Since the launch of the Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP) at the World Health Assembly in 2014,1 and, in 2015, the launch of the UN Secretary General’s second Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health, there has been a renewed focus on improving newborn health globally.2


[Comment] Antimicrobial resistance—a threat to neonate survival

Improvements in child survival have contributed much of the gains in life expectancy at birth during the last two decades. At a global level, neonatal mortality has decreased from 36 to 19 deaths per 1000 livebirths between 1990 and 2012.1 However, the reduction in neonatal mortality between 1990 and 2015 (47%) has lagged behind that of postneonatal under-5 years mortality (58%) globally.2 The Every Newborn Action Plan aims for countries to have ten or fewer neonatal deaths per 1000 livebirths by 2035 (or 12 or fewer neonatal deaths by 2030).


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