Tag Archives: aging

Life course socioeconomic position, alcohol drinking patterns in midlife, and cardiovascular…

by Eirik Degerud, Inger Ariansen, Eivind Ystrom, Sidsel Graff-Iversen, Gudrun Høiseth, Jørg Mørland, George Davey Smith, Øyvind Næss Background Socioeconomically disadvantaged groups tend to experience more harm from the same level of exposure to alcohol as advantaged groups. Alcohol has multiple biological effects on the cardiovascular system, both potentially harmful and protective. We investigated whether the diverging relationships between alcohol drinking patterns and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality differed by life course socioeconomic position (SEP). Methods and findings From 3 cohorts (the Counties Studies, the Cohort of Norway, and the Age 40 Program, 1987–2003) containing data from population-based cardiovascular health surveys in Norway, we included participants with self-reported information on alcohol consumption frequency (n = 207,394) and binge drinking episodes (≥5 units per occasion, n = 32,616). We also used data from national registries obtained by linkage.

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Learning by doing in practice: a roundtable discussion about stakeholder engagement in…

Researchers and policy-makers alike increasingly recognise the importance of engaging diverse perspectives in implementation research.

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An experiment in giving: Part II

“If enough people are willing to give a modest amount without worrying too much about the guarantees most charities think they need and want, how much more good can be done? How many more people might give? What might this mean for the future of personal, charitable giving?” From ‘An experiment in giving‘. September 2017 Three months ago, a group of 35 of us committed to giving £10/$15 a month to ten Nigerian families in need for a period of twelve months.

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Sensory storytelling: what are artists’ responsibilities when creating immersive digital…

Karen Palmer is a digital filmmaker and storyteller from London who’s doing a dual residence at ThoughtWorks in Manhattan and TED New York to further develop a project called RIOT, described as an ‘emotionally responsive, live-action film with 3D sound.’ The film uses artificial intelligence, machine learning, various biometric readings, and facial recognition to take a person through a personalized journey during dangerous riot. Karen Palmer, the future of immersive filmmaking, Future of Storytelling (FoST)  Karen describes RIOT as ‘bespoke film that reflects your reality.’ As you watch the film, the film is also watching you and adapting to your experience of viewing it. Using a series of biometric readings (the team is experimenting with eye tracking, facial recognition, gait analysis, infrared to capture body temperature, and an emerging technology that tracks heart rate by monitoring the capillaries under a person’s eyes) the film shifts and changes. The biometrics and AI create a “choose your own adventure” type of immersive film experience, except that the choice is made by your body’s reactions to different scenarios. A unique aspect of Karen’s work is that the viewer doesn’t need to wear any type of gear for the experience

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Comprehensive Cholera Prevention and Control: Lessons Learnt from the United Republic of…

Dafrossa Lyimo of the Ministry of Health, Tanzania presented Tanzania’s experience in preventing and controlling cholera at the 4th African Regional Immunization Technical Advisory Group (RITAG) meeting in Johannesburg, 5-8 December 2017. Those experiences are summarized below. Cholera outbreak in Tanzania started with the index case detected in Dar es Salaam Region on 6 August 2015. The World Health Organization was notified by Ministry of Health on 15 August 2015. By 31 December 2015 the outbreak spread to 22 out of 26 regions in Tanzania Mainland.

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Commercial versus technical cues to position a new product: Do hedonic and functional/healthy…

Publication date: Available online 16 December 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Natalia Vila-López, Ines Kuster-Boluda Packaging attributes can be classified into two main blocks: visual/commercial attributes and informational/technical ones.

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Re: Letter to the Editor of Public Health in response to ‘Public sentiment and discourse…

We appreciate the thoughtful response to our article ‘Public sentiment and discourse about Zika virus on Instagram’1 and agree with the author that misleading and incomplete information is an issue facing all social media platforms.

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malERA: An updated research agenda for insecticide and drug resistance in malaria elimination…

by The malERA Refresh Consultative Panel on Insecticide and Drug Resistance Resistance to first-line treatments for Plasmodium falciparum malaria and the insecticides used for Anopheles vector control are threatening malaria elimination efforts. Suboptimal responses to drugs and insecticides are both spreading geographically and emerging independently and are being seen at increasing intensities. Whilst resistance is unavoidable, its effects can be mitigated through resistance management practices, such as exposing the parasite or vector to more than one selective agent. Resistance contributed to the failure of the 20th century Global Malaria Eradication Programme, and yet the global response to this issue continues to be slow and poorly coordinated—too often, too little, too late. The Malaria Eradication Research Agenda (malERA) Refresh process convened a panel on resistance of both insecticides and antimalarial drugs.

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Drivers of house invasion by sylvatic Chagas disease vectors in the Amazon-Cerrado transition:…

by Raíssa N. Brito, David E. Gorla, Liléia Diotaiuti, Anália C

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Advanced Imaging Reduces Cost Compared to Standard of Care in Emergency Department of Triage of…

Objective To evaluate medical costs of novel therapies in complex medical settings using registry data.

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Health care at birth and infant mortality: Evidence from nighttime deliveries in Nigeria

Publication date: Available online 12 November 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Edward N.

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Improving intermittent preventive treatment for pregnant women (IPTp) coverage in 5 districts…

Kodjo Morgah and Naibei Mbaïbardoum of Jhpiego with support from the ExxonMobil Foundation ave been working to increase interventions that protect pregnant women from malaria. The results below were shared at the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Malaria is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Cameroon and Chad, where an estimated 500,000 and 1.5 million cases occur every year, respectively. In Cameroon, 55% of hospitalizations and 241 deaths among pregnant women reported in 2010 were due to malaria. In Chad, malaria accounted for 30% of hospital admissions and 41% of deaths among pregnant women in 2013.

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Health provider orientation to national malaria case management guidelines in regional…

Good clinical practice in managing malaria requires awareness and understanding of national case management guidelines. Moumouni Bonkoungou, Ousmane Badolo, and Thierry Ouedraogo of Jhpiego in Collaboration with the National Malaria Control Program and sponsorship from the “Improving Malaria Care” project of USAID/PMI explain how health workers in Burkina Faso were oriented to the national guidelines at the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. They have found that short orientations are less expensive and reach more health workers that traditional training sessions. Malaria remains the leading cause of consultations, hospitalization and death in health facilities in Burkina Faso. In 2015, 23,634 cases of severe malaria were recorded in hospitals with 1,634 deaths, a mortality rate of 7% at this level compared to 1% nationally

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Session picks: American Evaluation Association (AEA) Conference

(Joint post from Linda Raftree, MERL Tech and Megan Colnar, Open Society Foundations) The American Evaluation Association Conference happens once a year, and offers literally hundreds of sessions. It can take a while to sort though all of them. Because there are so many sessions, it’s easy to feel a bit lost in the crowds of people and content. So, Megan Colnar (Open Society Foundations) and I thought we’d share some of the sessions that caught our eye.

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