Tag Archives: aging

Tuberculosis detection and the challenges of integrated care in rural China: A cross-sectional…

by Sean Sylvia, Hao Xue, Chengchao Zhou, Yaojiang Shi, Hongmei Yi, Huan Zhou, Scott Rozelle, Madhukar Pai, Jishnu Das Background Despite recent reductions in prevalence, China still faces a substantial tuberculosis (TB) burden, with future progress dependent on the ability of rural providers to appropriately detect and refer TB patients for further care. This study (a) provides a baseline assessment of the ability of rural providers to correctly manage presumptive TB cases; (b) measures the gap between provider knowledge and practice and; (c) evaluates how ongoing reforms of China’s health system—characterized by a movement toward “integrated care” and promotion of initial contact with grassroots providers—will affect the care of TB patients. Methods/Findings Unannounced standardized patients (SPs) presenting with classic pulmonary TB symptoms were deployed in 3 provinces of China in July 2015. The SPs successfully completed 274 interactions across all 3 tiers of China’s rural health system, interacting with providers in 46 village clinics, 207 township health centers, and 21 county hospitals. Interactions between providers and standardized patients were assessed against international and national standards of TB care

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The impact of Medicare Part D on cognitive functioning at older ages

Publication date: November 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 193 Author(s): Tae-Young Pak, GwanSeon Kim Research has shown that the establishment of Medicare prescription drug benefit in 2006 leads to improvement in medication adherence and mortality outcomes.

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Using maching learning to combat environmental degredation on a global scale

Leveraging machine learning algorithms to sift through terabytes of high-resolution satellite data, a new report by AidData and the Global Environment Facility has identified the factors that contribute to land degradation on a global scale.

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Aging and Health [DataGraphic]

As the US population ages, researchers have been testing various policies and models of care aimed at improving the quality of care for elderly patients, including those living at home and in nursing centers.

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Diabetes prevention among American Indians: the role of self-efficacy, risk perception,…

According to the Risk Perception Attitude (RPA) framework, classifying people according to their perceptions of disease risk and their self-efficacy beliefs allows us to predict their likelihood for engaging i…

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The impact of a mosquito net voucher subsidy programme on incremental ownership: The case of…

Abstract The subsidisation of mosquito nets has been widely used to increase ownership in countries where malaria represents a public health problem.

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<i>“Koko et les lunettes magiques”</i>: An educational entertainment tool to…

by Clémence Essé, Véronique A. Koffi, Abel Kouamé, Kouassi Dongo, Richard B. Yapi, Honorine M.

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Host outdoor exposure variability affects the transmission and spread of Zika virus: Insights…

by Marco Ajelli, Imelda K. Moise, Tricia Caroline S. G.

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Children: the most persistent and passionate advocates

Children: the most persistent and passionate advocates hrandall Tue, 09/12/2017 – 13:32 Sep 12, 2017 Hope Randall Digital Communications Officer for DefeatDD I have yet to meet a child who did not want to be a grown up.   My four-year-old niece, Lily, loves sharing her expertise with her baby sister, Rosalie, on how to navigate the ways of the world. Fortunately for her mom, Lily is fastidious about cleanliness: “I don’t like germs. We don’t need to give germs to each other.” She thinks it’s fun to help Rosalie wash her hands, loves to help her mommy do the dishes, and is loud and proud about her recent potty training success.   As much as she wants to be a grown up, though, she is still only four years old

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The impact of the advanced practice nursing role on quality of care, clinical outcomes, patient…

The prevalence of chronic illness and multimorbidity rises with population aging, thereby increasing the acuity of care.

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Using Magpi for Global Health Research

Although Magpi is now used for many purposes in many sectors, it was born from a need to do global health research and evaluation in the field (did you know the original name of Magpi was “EpiSurveyor” = “epidemiological survey tool”).  So even today, one of the things that we’re most enthusiastic about is when we learn about practitioners and clinicians and researchers using Magpi mobile data collection to advance health science all around the world. Of course, Magpi’s model — allowing users to simply sign up for free at www.magpi.com and start using the software, without any meetings or approval — means that in most cases we don’t know when someone is using the software.  But once in awhile Google helps us find great examples of Magpi use for health purposes, and below are four of our favorites: Assessment of Surgical Needs in Nepal Using Mobile Devices: Mobile Data Collection in a Developing Country Eugenia E.

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The perception of fairness in infant care and mothers’ postpartum depression

Publication date: Available online 26 August 2017 Source:Social Science &amp; Medicine Author(s): Alfred DeMaris, Annette Mahoney This study investigates a potential causal effect of mothers’ perceptions of the fairness of infant care on their postpartum depression.

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‘My child did not like using sun protection’: practices and perceptions of child sun…

Photodamage is partially mitigated by darker skin pigmentation, but immune suppression, photoaging and cataracts occur among individuals with all skin types.

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Mycetoma laboratory diagnosis: Review article

by Amel Altayeb Ahmed, Wendy van de Sande, Ahmed Hassan Fahal Mycetoma is a unique neglected tropical disease caused by a substantial number of microorganisms of fungal or bacterial origins. Identification of the causative organism and the disease extension are the first steps in the management of the affected patients and predicting disease treatment outcome and prognosis.

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