Tag Archives: aid

No evidence for association between APOL1 kidney disease risk alleles and Human African…

by Magambo Phillip Kimuda, Harry Noyes, Julius Mulindwa, John Enyaru, Vincent Pius Alibu, Issa Sidibe, Dieuodonne Mumba Ngoyi, Christiane Hertz-Fowler, Annette MacLeod, Özlem Tastan Bishop, Enock Matovu, TrypanoGEN Research Group as members of The H3Africa Consortium Background Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) manifests as an acute form caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (Tbr) and a chronic form caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (Tbg). Previous studies have suggested a host genetic role in infection outcomes, particularly for APOL1.

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Lassa fever–induced sensorineural hearing loss: A neglected public health and social burden

by Elizabeth J. Mateer, Cheng Huang, Nathan Y. Shehu, Slobodan Paessler Although an association between Lassa fever (LF) and sudden-onset sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) was confirmed clinically in 1990, the prevalence of LF-induced SNHL in endemic countries is still underestimated.

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Ghana’s community-based primary health care: Why women and children are ‘disadvantaged’ by…

Publication date: March 2018 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 201 Author(s): Roger A.

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Germans learn how to save lives: a nationwide CPR education initiative

Sudden cardiac death is one of the most frequent causes of death in Germany and the third leading cause of death in the industrialized world.

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The Oxfam scandal exposes an industry wide problem – what next?

If you work in the aid and development sector, you’ll have done some soul searching and had a few difficult conversations with friends, donors, and colleagues* about ‘the Oxfam scandal’ this past week. Much has been written about the topic already. Here’s a (growing) compilation of 60+ posts (of varying degrees of quality). Many in the sector are now scrambling to distance themselves from Oxfam. They want to send a message, rid themselves of stain-by-association, and avoid the fallout.

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Generalized and particularized trust for health between urban and rural residents in Japan: A…

Publication date: Available online 16 February 2018 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Yukihiro Sato, Jun Aida, Toru Tsuboya, Kokoro Shirai, Shihoko Koyama, Yusuke Matsuyama, Katsunori Kondo, Ken Osaka Previous studies on trust and health have not fully considered the nature of trust in relation to types of trust and socio-cultural background.

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Medicare Payment Penalties and Safety Net Hospital Profitability: Minimal Impact on These…

Objective To examine relationships between penalties assessed by Medicare’s Hospital Readmission Reduction Program and Value-Based Purchasing Program and hospital financial condition.

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Rogue agent or team player? Beijing’s motivations for aid provision

The rest is here: Rogue agent or team player? Beijing’s motivations for aid provision

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Population impact of lung cancer screening in the United States: Projections from a…

by Steven D. Criss, Deirdre F. Sheehan, Lauren Palazzo, Chung Yin Kong Background Previous simulation studies estimating the impacts of lung cancer screening have ignored the changes in smoking prevalence over time in the United States. Our primary rationale was to perform, to our knowledge, the first simulation study that estimates the health outcomes of lung cancer screening with explicit modeling of smoking trends for the whole US population. Methods/Findings Utilizing a well-validated microsimulation model, we estimated the benefits and harms of an annual low-dose computed tomography screening scenario with a realistic screening adherence rate versus a no-screening scenario for the US population from 2016–2030

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“These African stories”: Life, labor, and dying in northern Zambia

Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Joshua Garoon This paper analyzes the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on the social worlds of people living with HIV and ART (PLHA) in rural northern Zambia.

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icddr,b launches a preemptive strike against cholera with vaccines

icddr,b launches a preemptive strike against cholera with vaccines hrandall Thu, 02/01/2018 – 10:44 Feb 01, 2018 Farasha Bashir Communications Specialist, icddr,b The emergency The Rohingyas are a predominantly Muslim ethnic group who, for centuries, resided in the Buddhist-dominant Rakhine State of Myanmar. However, they are not considered by Myanmar as one of their 135 official ethnic groups and have been denied citizenship since 1982, effectively rendering them stateless.   In August 2017, thousands of Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMN) fled from Myanmar due to a violent military crackdown. More than 625,000 FDMNs arrived in Cox’s Bazar, the border district of Bangladesh, in what the UN has called the most urgent refugee emergency in the world.     Limited space in registered camps created a vast challenge for Bangladesh where FDMNs have set up ‘home’ in informal shanties made from polythene and bamboo sticks.

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Medicare Accountable Care Organizations of Diverse Structures Achieve Comparable Quality and…

Objective To examine whether an empirically derived taxonomy of Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) is associated with quality and spending performance among patients of ACOs in the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP).

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Evaluating the impact of DREAMS on HIV incidence among young women who sell sex: protocol for a…

“Determined, Resilient, AIDS-free, Mentored and Safe” (DREAMS) is a package of biomedical, social and economic interventions offered to adolescent girls and young women aged 10–24 years with the aim of reducin…

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HIV/AIDS workplace policy addressing epidemic drivers through workplace programs

HIV workplace policies have become an important tool in addressing the HIV Pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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