Tag Archives: competition

Corporate Investors Increased Common Ownership In Hospitals And The Postacute Care And Hospice…

The sharing of investors across firms is a new antitrust focus because of its potential negative effects on competition.

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Coping With Concentration [Market Concentration]

Provider market power is a powerful driver of high health care costs in the United States.

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Parallel trade of pharmaceuticals: The Danish market for statins

Summary This paper investigates and quantifies the impact of parallel trade in markets for pharmaceuticals.

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Producing a worthy illness: Personal crowdfunding amidst financial crisis

Publication date: August 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 187 Author(s): Lauren S.

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Using an online quiz-based reinforcement system to teach healthcare quality and patient safety…

AbstractQuality issueImplementing quality improvement (QI) education during clinical training is challenging due to time constraints and inadequate faculty development in these areas.Initial assessmentQuiz-based reinforcement systems show promise in fostering active engagement, collaboration, healthy competition and real-time formative feedback, although further research on their effectiveness is required.Choice of solutionAn online quiz-based reinforcement system to increase resident and faculty knowledge in QI, patient safety and care transitions.ImplementationExperts in QI and educational assessment at the 5 University of California medical campuses developed a course comprised of 3 quizzes on Introduction to QI, Patient Safety and Care Transitions.

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Returns to scientific publications for pharmaceutical products in the United States

Summary Drug-specific clinical and health economic and outcomes research (HEOR) publications have amassed, but their effect on drug sales is largely unknown.

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Factors associated with the pricing of childhood vaccines in the U.S. public sector

Summary Vaccine purchase cost has grown substantially over the last few decades.

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In celebration of an approach less travelled

I’m in San Francisco this week on a surprise trip to collect an award for a product I designed and built over a decade ago. The fact the early work of FrontlineSMS is still being recognised twelve years on speaks volumes to the approach, and the impact it had – not only in the hands of users themselves, but also in the minds of others looking to apply technology for social good. It struck a chord with an emerging narrative that said we should build appropriate tools that genuinely empowered the people closest to the problem, and that our job was, if anything, to build those tools, hand them over and then get the hell out of the way. If you look at the tweets from the many ICT4D and social innovation conferences today, this remains an approach popular within our sector. But while tweeting and speaking are one thing, doing is another

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A method for understanding generic procurement of HIV medicines by developing countries with…

Publication date: July 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 185 Author(s): Reed F.

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Coopetition in health care: A multi-level analysis of its individual and organizational…

Publication date: August 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 186 Author(s): Daan Westra, Federica Angeli, Martin Carree, Dirk Ruwaard Cooperative inter-organizational relations are salient to healthcare delivery.

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#D4CA Challenge: UN Global Pulse calls for research proposals to analyze business data to…

Note: This was cross-posted to my own blog. Rose Schneider, chair of the IH Section’s Climate Change & Health Working Group, shared this information about the Data for Climate Action challenge. It’s an initiative by the UN’s Global Pulse to recruit researchers and data scientists to “leverage private big data to identify revolutionary new approaches to climate mitigation and adaptation” – that is, use corporate datasets, which have been de-identified and made available by participating companies, for projects or analyses that “generate innovative climate solutions.” According to the press release: Data for Climate Action will target three areas relevant to the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goal on climate action (SDG 13): climate mitigation, climate adaptation, and the linkages between climate change and the broader 2030 Agenda. The challenge aims to generate original research papers and tools that demonstrate how data-driven innovation can inform on-the-ground solutions and transform efforts to fight climate change. It builds upon the model of data science competitions pioneered by organizations like Kaggle, and company-specific initiatives to share big data for the public good, such as the “Data for Development” challenges hosted by Orange

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Future of Conflict Minerals murky under Trump administration

You’ve likely heard the term “blood diamonds.”  Also known as “conflict diamonds,” these precious stones have helped fund civil wars and contributed to some 3.7 million deaths in Angola, Sierra Leone, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) according to an Amnesty International report. The term “conflict minerals” doesn’t have quite the same ring, nor a titular film starring Leonardo DiCaprio, but they are at the center of a recently leaked memo from the White House.  The memo seeks to dismantle the Conflict Minerals Rule in the 2010 Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Protection Act.  Under Dodd-Frank, companies had to disclose whether or not their products contain minerals mined in the Democratic Republic of Congo or a neighboring country.  The reason to withdraw this clause that valued human life over electronics

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The role of city income inequality, sex ratio and youth mortality rates in the effect of…

Publication date: May 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 181 Author(s): Dandara de Oliveira Ramos, Martin Daly, Maria Lucia Seidl-de-Moura, Paulo Nadanovsky This study integrates insights from evolutionary psychology and social epidemiology to present a novel approach to contextual effects on health-risk behaviors (unprotected sex, drunkenness episodes, drugs and tobacco experimentation) among adolescents.

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Innovations to Accelerate Universal Internet Adoption

Mobile and internet services have the power to transform lives, offering life-enhancing financial, health, and many other services, as well as the simple ability to express oneself to one’s family and community. Yet millions of people in emerging markets lack access to these services, and even those who have access often do not adopt services, because of constraints arising from limited affordability, perceived value, and ability to use the services. The resulting access and adoption gaps threaten to exacerbate existing economic and social inequities facing low-income, rural communities in emerging markets, particularly among women and girls. The Market Alone Will Not Deliver The market alone will not close the access gap. Over time, industry investment in mobile and fixed networks in the developing world may increase and extend existing network coverage, but will likely not expand to connect marginalized populations in unconnected and under-connected geographies because of the high capital and operational costs and low profit potential.

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