Tag Archives: gender

Gender matters in cardiac rehabilitation and diabetes: Using Bourdieu’s concepts

Publication date: Available online 6 January 2018 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Jan E.

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Life course socioeconomic position, alcohol drinking patterns in midlife, and cardiovascular…

by Eirik Degerud, Inger Ariansen, Eivind Ystrom, Sidsel Graff-Iversen, Gudrun Høiseth, Jørg Mørland, George Davey Smith, Øyvind Næss Background Socioeconomically disadvantaged groups tend to experience more harm from the same level of exposure to alcohol as advantaged groups. Alcohol has multiple biological effects on the cardiovascular system, both potentially harmful and protective. We investigated whether the diverging relationships between alcohol drinking patterns and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality differed by life course socioeconomic position (SEP). Methods and findings From 3 cohorts (the Counties Studies, the Cohort of Norway, and the Age 40 Program, 1987–2003) containing data from population-based cardiovascular health surveys in Norway, we included participants with self-reported information on alcohol consumption frequency (n = 207,394) and binge drinking episodes (≥5 units per occasion, n = 32,616). We also used data from national registries obtained by linkage.

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Latent Semantic Analysis: A new measure of patient-physician communication

Publication date: February 2018 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 198 Author(s): Scott R.

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The next Sub Saharan African epidemic? A case study of the determinants of cervical cancer…

Publication date: Available online 14 December 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Joseph Kangmennaang, Elizabeth O.

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Beyond the trigger: The mental health consequences of in-home firearm access among children of…

Publication date: Available online 11 December 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Jinho Kim Rationale The high prevalence of household firearms in the U.S.

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Barriers to Care Among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Adults

Policy Points: Transgender and gender nonconforming (GNC) adults may experience barriers to care for a variety of reasons, including discrimination and lack of awareness by providers in health care settings.

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Marital status integration and suicide: A meta-analysis and meta-regression

Publication date: Available online 2 December 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Woo Kyung-Sook, Shin SangSoo, Shin Sangjjin, Shin Young-Jeon Marital status is an index of the phenomenon of social integration within social structures and has long been identified as an important predictor suicide.

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Disability, Social Functioning and School Inclusion Among Older Children And Adolescents Living…

Objective Increasing numbers of children with HIV are surviving to adolescence and encountering multiple clinical and social consequences of longstanding HIV infection.

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Slender women and overweight men: gender differences in the educational gradient in body weight…

Little is known about the gender-specific mechanisms through which education is associated with weight status in societies that have experienced a rapid rise in their obesity rates.

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Changing experience of adverse medical events in the National Health Service: Comparison of two…

Publication date: Available online 11 November 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Alastair M.

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Using the Antenatal Care Quality Improvement Tool and targeted training to strengthen ANC…

Malaria prevention in pregnancy (MIP) is a major component of antenatal services in endemic countries. Jasmine Chadewa, Dunstan Bishanga, Elaine Roman, Godlisten Martin, Kristen Vibbert, Lauren Borsa, Agrey Mbilinyi, Jeremie Zoungrana, and Hussein Kidanto describe how they applied a quality improvement tool to strengthen ANC and MIP services at the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Their findings follow: Malaria in Pregnancy (MiP) is a major, preventable cause of maternal morbidity and poor birth outcomes. In collaborations with partners, Tanzania’s National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) and the Reproductive and Child Health Unit has been working to promote the World Health Organization’s three-pronged approach to address the burden of MiP. A malaria training for 180 supervisors and 360 ANC providers from 221 health facilities was conducted in the Kagera and Mara regions

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Potential Contribution of Community-Based Health Workers to Improving Prevention of Malaria in…

Justin Tiendrebeogo, Ousmane Badolo, Mathurin Dodo, Danielle Burke, and Bill Brieger of Jhpiego have designed and are implementing a study to determine the effect of delivering Intermittent Preventive Treatment for Malaria in Pregnancy through community health workers in Burkina Faso with the support of the US President’s Malaria Initiative and the USAID Maternal and Child Survival Project. They have shared the design and start-up activities for the study at the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. A summary follows: CHW Flipchart Page The Ministry of Health of Burkina Faso with the support of its partners initiated a study on the feasibility of increasing provision of Intermittent Preventive Malaria Treatment in pregnant women (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) by involving existing community-based health workers (CBHWs). As Burkina Faso adopted the WHO recommendations for more doses of IPTp during pregnancy, it was proposed that the challenge of achieving coverage of third, fourth and additional doses could be met using CBHWs. The approved protocol calls for CBHWs to refer pregnant women to antenatal care (ANC) to receive their first IPTp dose.

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Session picks: American Evaluation Association (AEA) Conference

(Joint post from Linda Raftree, MERL Tech and Megan Colnar, Open Society Foundations) The American Evaluation Association Conference happens once a year, and offers literally hundreds of sessions. It can take a while to sort though all of them. Because there are so many sessions, it’s easy to feel a bit lost in the crowds of people and content. So, Megan Colnar (Open Society Foundations) and I thought we’d share some of the sessions that caught our eye.

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Transgender women in Malaysia, in the context of HIV and Islam: a qualitative study of…

Globally, one of the key groups considered to be at high risk of acquiring HIV are transgender women, often a marginalised group.

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