Tag Archives: gender

Effectiveness of a brief behavioural intervention on psychological distress among women with a…

by Richard A. Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S. Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Caroline Mulili, Lincoln Ndogoni, Phiona Koyiet, Marit Sijbrandij, Jeannette Ulate, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Mark van Ommeren Background Gender-based violence (GBV) represents a major cause of psychological morbidity worldwide, and particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although there are effective treatments for common mental disorders associated with GBV, they typically require lengthy treatment programs that may limit scaling up in LMICs. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a new 5-session behavioural treatment called Problem Management Plus (PM+) that lay community workers can be taught to deliver.

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Perceptions, practices and health seeking behaviour constrain JE/AES interventions in high…

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) and Japanese Encephalitis (JE) stay as poorly understood phenomena in India.

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Predictive factors for a one-year improvement in nontuberculous…

by Gilbert Cadelis, Rodolphe Ducrot, Arnaud Bourdin, Nalin Rastogi Background Nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) has become an emerging infectious disease and is responsible for more deaths than tuberculosis in industrialized countries. NTM-PD mortality remains high in some series reportedly ranging from 25% to 40% at five years and often due to unfavorable evolution of NTM-PD despite established treatment. The purpose of our study was to search for early factors that could predict the favorable or unfavorable evolution of NTM-PD at the first year of treatment.

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Associations of relative deprivation and income rank with depressive symptoms among older…

Publication date: Available online 3 August 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Krisztina Gero, Katsunori Kondo, Naoki Kondo, Kokoro Shirai, Ichiro Kawachi Introduction Income is hypothesized to affect health not just through material pathways (i.e., the ability to purchase health-enhancing goods) but also through psychosocial pathways (e.g., social comparisons with others).

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection in Close Childhood Contacts of Adults with Pulmonary…

Abstract.

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Did the Great Recession affect mortality rates in the metropolitan United States? Effects on…

Publication date: September 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 189 Author(s): Erin C.

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Causal effects of transitions to adult roles on early adult smoking and drinking: Evidence from…

Publication date: August 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 187 Author(s): Michael J.

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Participation of women and children in hunting activities in Sierra Leone and implications for…

by Jesse Bonwitt, Martin Kandeh, Michael Dawson, Rashid Ansumana, Foday Sahr, Ann H. Kelly, Hannah Brown The emergence of infectious diseases of zoonotic origin highlights the need to understand social practices at the animal-human interface. This study provides a qualitative account of interactions between humans and wild animals in predominantly Mende villages of southern Sierra Leone.

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Healing and/or breaking? The mental health implications of repeated economic insecurity

Publication date: September 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 188 Author(s): Barry Watson, Lars Osberg Current literature confirms the negative consequences of contemporaneous economic insecurity for mental health, but ignores possible implications of repeated insecurity.

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Potential risk factors associated with human alveolar echinococcosis: Systematic review and…

by Franz J. Conraths, Carolina Probst, Alessia Possenti, Belgees Boufana, Rosella Saulle, Giuseppe La Torre, Luca Busani, Adriano Casulli Background Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a severe zoonotic disease caused by the metacestode stage of Echinococcus multilocularis.

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Same medicine, different reasons: Comparing women’s bodily experiences of producing eggs for…

Publication date: September 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 188 Author(s): Rene Almeling, Iris L.

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A qualitative study of barriers and facilitators in treating drug use among Israeli mothers: An…

Publication date: August 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 187 Author(s): Keren Gueta Rationale Despite the benefits and availability of drug treatment in Western countries, research has shown low utilisation rates, especially by mothers.

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How will we know if the SDGs are having any impact?

As long time readers of the blog will know, I’ve been a Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) sceptic since long before they were even agreed. However, I’ve been hearing a fair amount about them recently – people telling me that governments North and South, companies and city administrations are using them to frame public commitments and planning and reporting against them. So maybe it’s time to …

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Health Equity [DataGraphic]

Health disparities—differences in health status, treatment, or outcomes—exist between racial and ethnic minorities; people with low socioeconomic status; lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people; women; people with disabilities; and others, compared with majority populations.

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