Tag Archives: general global health

Long-term risks and benefits associated with cesarean delivery for mother, baby, and subsequent…

by Oonagh E. Keag, Jane E. Norman, Sarah J. Stock Background Cesarean birth rates continue to rise worldwide with recent (2016) reported rates of 24.5% in Western Europe, 32% in North America, and 41% in South America. The objective of this systematic review is to describe the long-term risks and benefits of cesarean delivery for mother, baby, and subsequent pregnancies.

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Comprehensive Cholera Prevention and Control: Lessons Learnt from the United Republic of…

Dafrossa Lyimo of the Ministry of Health, Tanzania presented Tanzania’s experience in preventing and controlling cholera at the 4th African Regional Immunization Technical Advisory Group (RITAG) meeting in Johannesburg, 5-8 December 2017. Those experiences are summarized below. Cholera outbreak in Tanzania started with the index case detected in Dar es Salaam Region on 6 August 2015. The World Health Organization was notified by Ministry of Health on 15 August 2015. By 31 December 2015 the outbreak spread to 22 out of 26 regions in Tanzania Mainland.

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Identification of Risk Factors of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis by using Classification Tree…


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Estimating the burden of scrub typhus: A systematic review

by Ana Bonell, Yoel Lubell, Paul N. Newton, John A. Crump, Daniel H

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Geographic and demographic correlates of autism-related anti-vaccine beliefs on Twitter,…

Publication date: October 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 191 Author(s): Theodore S.

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"We need people to collaborate together against this disease": A qualitative…

by Amy L. Frank, Emily R. Beales, Gilles de Wildt, Graciela Meza Sanchez, Laura L

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Trends in traumatic brain injury mortality in China, 2006–2013: A population-based…

by Peixia Cheng, Peng Yin, Peishan Ning, Lijun Wang, Xunjie Cheng, Yunning Liu, David C. Schwebel, Jiangmei Liu, Jinlei Qi, Guoqing Hu, Maigeng Zhou Background Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant global public health problem, but has received minimal attention from researchers and policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Epidemiological evidence of TBI morbidity and mortality is absent at the national level for most LMICs, including China. Using data from China’s Disease Surveillance Points (DSPs) system, we conducted a population-based longitudinal analysis to examine TBI mortality, and mortality differences by sex, age group, location (urban/rural), and external cause of injury, from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2013 in China. Method and findings Mortality data came from the national DSPs system of China, which has coded deaths using the International Classification of Diseases–10th Revision (ICD-10) since 2004.

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In celebration of an approach less travelled

I’m in San Francisco this week on a surprise trip to collect an award for a product I designed and built over a decade ago. The fact the early work of FrontlineSMS is still being recognised twelve years on speaks volumes to the approach, and the impact it had – not only in the hands of users themselves, but also in the minds of others looking to apply technology for social good. It struck a chord with an emerging narrative that said we should build appropriate tools that genuinely empowered the people closest to the problem, and that our job was, if anything, to build those tools, hand them over and then get the hell out of the way. If you look at the tweets from the many ICT4D and social innovation conferences today, this remains an approach popular within our sector. But while tweeting and speaking are one thing, doing is another

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ICT4Peace on Tech against Terrorism at 2017 Lomonosov Moscow State University Conference in…

Adam Hadley and Daniel Stauffacher from ICT4Peace participated on 24 April 2017 in the 2017 International Forum and Scientific Conference of the International Information Security Research Consortium in Garmisch — Partenkirchen, Germany, hosted by Lomonosov Moscow State University Institute of Information Security Issues. ICT4Peace is a member the Consortium.

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First-trimester artemisinin derivatives and quinine treatments and the risk of adverse…

by Stephanie Dellicour, Esperança Sevene, Rose McGready, Halidou Tinto, Dominic Mosha, Christine Manyando, Stephen Rulisa, Meghna Desai, Peter Ouma, Martina Oneko, Anifa Vala, Maria Rupérez, Eusébio Macete, Clara Menéndez, Seydou Nakanabo-Diallo, Adama Kazienga, Innocent Valéa, Gregory Calip, Orvalho Augusto, Blaise Genton, Eric M. Njunju, Kerryn A. Moore, Umberto d’Alessandro, Francois Nosten, Feiko ter Kuile, Andy Stergachis Background Animal embryotoxicity data, and the scarcity of safety data in human pregnancies, have prevented artemisinin derivatives from being recommended for malaria treatment in the first trimester except in lifesaving circumstances. We conducted a meta-analysis of prospective observational studies comparing the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, and major congenital anomaly (primary outcomes) among first-trimester pregnancies treated with artemisinin derivatives versus quinine or no antimalarial treatment. Methods and findings Electronic databases including Medline, Embase, and Malaria in Pregnancy Library were searched, and investigators contacted.

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The (non)link between refugees and crime takes on new urgency

The world is currently being forced to confront an unprecedented crisis of forced migration, and the tension in the current public discourse surrounding it is undeniable. For many, the refugee crisis is closely related to terrorism for many reasons, some more legitimate than others. Unfortunately, that association – and the fear that accompanies it – has been opportunistically leveraged by President Donald Trump and others hoping to ride a wave of nativist xenophobia to elected office. This toxic political rhetoric has included twisting data on crime statistics, painting a false perception between refugees and crime – hurting the stance on immigration alongside people’s hopes for a better life.

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Turning point.

I remember that morning well. A week or so earlier I’d been informed via a random phone call that a group of Nigerians would be monitoring their forthcoming Presidential elections using FrontlineSMS. There had been frantic activity ever since, culminating in press releases and text messages with Bill Thompson, emails with Jon Fildes, and a Skype call with Gareth Mitchell – all journalists connected with the BBC. With the election only a couple of days away, the story had to break now else we’d miss the chance and it would no longer be news.

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Exploring the perceptions of pregnancy loss between two populations of South Indian women: a…

Miscarriage is the most common pregnancy complication worldwide, affecting approximately 30–50% of pregnancies, including preclinical cases.1 A miscarriage is a pregnancy loss that occurs before the fetus reaches the gestational age of 23 weeks,2 and chromosomal abnormalities are the primary cause.1 Environmental exposure to toxins and behavioral patterns, such as alcohol use are also contributing factors to pregnancy loss.2 With the exception of a few studies, however, little research has been conducted on women’s perceptions of the causes and the defined period of pregnancy loss.

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Knowledge, practices and perceptions of geo-helminthes infection among parents of pre-school…

by Janet Masaku, Faith Mwende, Gladys Odhiambo, Rosemary Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Jimmy H. Kihara, Isaac G. Thuita, Doris Wairimu Njomo Background Soil-transmitted helminthes (STHs) are common human parasitic diseases in most of the developing world particularly in Kenya

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