Tag Archives: infectious disease

Poor continuity of care for TB diagnosis and treatment in Zambian Prisons: a situation analysis

Objectives Prisons act as infectious disease reservoirs.

Posted in Journal Watch | Also tagged | Comments closed

Low cost, low tech SNP genotyping tools for resource-limited areas: Plague in Madagascar as a…

by Cedar L. Mitchell, Voahangy Andrianaivoarimanana, Rebecca E.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Neglected Tropical Diseases | Also tagged | Comments closed

Clinical Epidemiology of Septic Arthritis Caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei and Other…

Abstract.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

The world’s worst cholera outbreak highlights need for long-term solutions

The world’s worst cholera outbreak highlights need for long-term solutions hrandall Fri, 12/01/2017 – 10:08 Dec 01, 2017 Farasha Bashir Communications Specialist, icddr,b In 2015, civil war broke out in Yemen between the government and the rebel movement, triggering a humanitarian crisis that has resulted in more than 70 per cent of the population needing immediate aid and assistance. Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the Arab peninsula, and constant bombings have devastated infrastructure, including roads and hospitals.   One of the most devastating consequences of this war and instability has been the worst cholera outbreak ever recorded. Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease that thrives in disadvantaged and unstable environments; it can kill within hours if left untreated. Malnutrition and poor sanitation have made the country vulnerable to cholera, and more than 800,000 civilians have already been affected.

Posted in Diahrreal Disease | Also tagged , , , | Comments closed

Situational analysis of antibiotic use and resistance in Ghana: policy and regulation

Antibiotics have played an essential role in decreasing morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Mathematical models for predicting human mobility in the context of infectious disease spread:…

Mathematical models of human mobility have demonstrated a great potential for infectious disease epidemiology in contexts of data scarcity.

Posted in Journal Watch, Research | Tagged | Comments closed

Prevalence and risk factors associated with <i>Leishmania</i> infection in Trang…

by Jipada Manomat, Saovanee Leelayoova, Lertwut Bualert, Peerapan Tan-ariya, Suradej Siripattanapipong, Mathirut Mungthin, Tawee Naaglor, Phunlerd Piyaraj Background Autochthonous cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused by Leishmania martiniquensis and Leishmania siamensis have been considered emerging infectious diseases in Thailand. The disease burden is significantly underestimated, especially the prevalence of Leishmania infection among HIV-positive patients. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with Leishmania infection among patients with HIV/AIDS living in Trang province, southern Thailand, between 2015 and 2016

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Neglected Tropical Diseases | Also tagged | Comments closed

Validity of a minimally invasive autopsy for cause of death determination in maternal deaths in…

by Paola Castillo, Juan Carlos Hurtado, Miguel J. Martínez, Dercio Jordao, Lucilia Lovane, Mamudo R. Ismail, Carla Carrilho, Cesaltina Lorenzoni, Fabiola Fernandes, Sibone Mocumbi, Zara Onila Jaze, Flora Mabota, Anelsio Cossa, Inacio Mandomando, Pau Cisteró, Alfredo Mayor, Mireia Navarro, Isaac Casas, Jordi Vila, Maria Maixenchs, Khátia Munguambe, Ariadna Sanz, Llorenç Quintó, Eusebio Macete, Pedro Alonso, Quique Bassat, Jaume Ordi, Clara Menéndez Background Despite global health efforts to reduce maternal mortality, rates continue to be unacceptably high in large parts of the world. Feasible, acceptable, and accurate postmortem sampling methods could provide the necessary evidence to improve the understanding of the real causes of maternal mortality, guiding the design of interventions to reduce this burden. Methods and findings The validity of a minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) method in determining the cause of death was assessed in an observational study in 57 maternal deaths by comparing the results of the MIA with those of the gold standard (complete diagnostic autopsy [CDA], which includes any available clinical information)

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

A spatial agent-based model of Anopheles vagus for malaria epidemiology: examining the impact…

Malaria, being a mosquito-borne infectious disease, is still one of the most devastating global health issues.

Posted in Journal Watch, Malaria, Research | Also tagged | Comments closed

Beware of pharmaceutical companies bearing cheap drugs

Pharmaceutical companies are for-profit enterprises that make their money by selling medicinal drugs. This might seem stupefyingly obvious, but it can get (briefly) obscured when these companies distribute shiny pamphlets suggesting that the promotion of human well-being is their ultimate mission or when they act in seemingly philanthropic ways. Scratch the surface, or just wait until the smoke clears, and the profit motive comes back into view. This is partly why bioethics workers find pharmaceutical companies fascinating and appalling: sometimes they offer a glimpse of what it would be like if powerful multinationals really threw their weight behind public health goals, but only a glimpse, because they inevitably veer off to make money and please their stockholders, sometimes in ways at odds with the ethics of research and health care. They are a kind of ethical rogue element.

Posted in Policy & Systems | Also tagged , , , , | Comments closed

Ethical challenges for international collaborative research partnerships in the context of the…

The establishment of international collaborative research partnerships in times of infectious disease outbreaks of international importance has been considered an ethical imperative.

Posted in Journal Watch, Research | Tagged | Comments closed

After the floods: Diarrheal disease threats lurk behind natural disasters

After the floods: Diarrheal disease threats lurk behind natural disasters hrandall Fri, 09/22/2017 – 13:49 Sep 22, 2017 defeatDD Hurricanes in the United States and the Caribbean. Floods in South Asia and Yemen. Mudslides in Sierra Leone. The natural disasters of the past month have held many captive: literal captives of flooded houses, cars, roads, and airports. Others have been simply captivated by news of the devastation

Posted in Diahrreal Disease | Also tagged , , , | Comments closed

A scoring model for predicting prognosis of patients with severe fever with thrombocytopenia…

by Bei Jia, Xiaomin Yan, Yuxin Chen, Guiyang Wang, Yong Liu, Biyun Xu, Peixin Song, Yang Li, Yali Xiong, Weihua Wu, Yingying Hao, Juan Xia, Zhaoping Zhang, Rui Huang, Chao Wu Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging epidemic infectious disease caused by the SFTS bunyavirus (SFTSV) with an estimated high case-fatality rate of 12.7% to 32.6%. Currently, the disease has been reported in mainland China, Japan, Korea, and the United States.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Neglected Tropical Diseases | Tagged | Comments closed

Nutrition and WASH: a recipe for success

Nutrition and WASH: a recipe for success hrandall Wed, 08/30/2017 – 13:53 Aug 30, 2017 Mwandwe Chileshe Global Program Associate at 1,000 Days and a Global Health Corps fellow Originally posted on the 1000 Days website.   In the leadup to World Water Week, WaterAid, SHARE (Sanitation and Hygiene Applied Research for Equity) and Action Against Hunger launched a new report, “The recipe for success,” in which they discuss  a key ingredient for fighting global malnutrition – WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene). The report highlights that 50% of undernutrition in children under five is associated with repeated diarrhea and infections resulting from poor WASH conditions. Additionally, poor sanitation is listed as the second leading cause of stunting worldwide.

Posted in Diahrreal Disease | Also tagged , , , , , , | Comments closed