Tag Archives: kenya

SMS Election Monitoring in Kenya

SMS Election Monitoring for a Peaceful Election in Kenya One week ago, on August 8, 2017, elections were held in the East African country of Kenya.  In the lead up to the vote, and in the immediate aftermath, there were grave concerns that election violence might stain the result – as it did in 2007 when post-election violence took the lives of around 1300 people, and caused untold economic damage to the country from reduced tourism. Simon Wanjiru ELOG PVT manager This year, as in 2007, the election result was disputed by the opposition, but unlike in that previous election, this year Kenya’s Elections Observations Group, (ELOG) consisting of civil society and faith-based organizations, is equipping about 1/3 of its 5700 observers with the ability to report election results by SMS. This SMS election monitoring approach, an example of “Parallel Vote Tabulation” (PVT) allows the calculation of an election result based on the sample selected.

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Doing good? Or do-gooder?

We all like to think our work makes a difference, even if we’re not really sure if it does. I’m well known for ‘doing good in the world’ yet even I question what that really means, or who precisely where might be better off in some way because of my chosen career path. For many people, feeling like they’re doing good is likely enough. For me, it’s not.

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The stories show why foreign aid is worth the penny

For 40 years, PATH has worked with the US government, the private sector, and individuals in low-income countries to develop simple and cost-effective health solutions. Support from the US government has been crucial to PATH’s work to disrupt the cycle of poor health. However, the Department of State and the US Agency for International Development […] ; ; ; ;Related StoriesA week in China with PATHInnovation: the key to an economic revolution in AfricaNew tools and a “zambitious” goal to end malaria ;

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Improving HIV care for teens in Kenya with virtual friendships

Editor’s note: A wide-reaching project in Western Kenya is having a profound effect on the lives of children and adults by tackling a complicated web of health issues. The PATH-led APHIAplus Western, short for AIDS, Population, and Health Integrated Assistance Zone 1, is funded by the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the United […] ; ; ; ;Related StoriesCould the latest Ebola outbreak help avert future epidemics?One man, 441 people, and a community for healthier heartsNew tools and a “zambitious” goal to end malaria ;

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One man, 441 people, and a community for healthier hearts

Meet Mr. Ta Van Phu, a retired health worker and former leader in the military. With pen and pencil in his left pocket, glasses squarely centered on his face, and a shoulder bag containing his blood pressure monitor and educational materials about heart disease, Mr. Phu is a welcome sight as he walks from house […] ; ; ; ;Related StoriesNew tools and a “zambitious” goal to end malariaThe surprising consequences of tuberculosisEnsuring vaccines reach the people who need them most ;

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How prepared for disasters is Kenya?

Kenya is a nation prone to conflicts, slow-onset natural disasters such as droughts and famine, and rapid-onset disasters such as floods, land or mudslides, and disease outbreaks. Its topography makes areas of the country particularly susceptible to natural disasters, with arid and semi-arid lands covering about 89% of the total land mass – home to about 36% of the population. Subnationally there are areas that are regularly affected by droughts, resulting in food insecurity, high levels of malnutrition-related illnesses and deaths, and disruption of livelihoods. Other areas with poor surface water drainage are prone to flooding, resulting in loss of life and property, and outbreaks of waterborne human and animal diseases such as cholera and Rift Valley fever. It is vital that Kenya is prepared to face these challenges to minimise the impact of disasters on people and livelihoods.

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Scaling Up Effective Programs – Kenya and Liberia Edition

Over the last decade, both Kenya and Liberia have sought to scale up successful pilot programs that help children to learn to read. Even as more and more impact evaluations are of programs at scale, pilots still constitute a significant portion of what we test. That’s with good reason: Governments wisely seek to pilot and test programs before expending valuable resources in implementing a program across the country.

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Now Scientific Fact: Mobile Money Can Lift Women Out of Poverty

  For nearly four years, we have been sharing information about the various ways that gender and mobile intertwine in our Gender and Mobile newsletter. In our latest issue, we offered our perspectives on two recent reports from MIT and Georgetown and the GSMA which examined mobile money as a tool for women’s economic empowerment. Mobile Money Can Lift Women Out of Poverty In the Science journal article “The long-run poverty and gender impacts of mobile money“, Suri and Jack (2016) have caused waves with the finding that access and use of M-PESA has lifted an astounding 2% of households out of poverty. The gender link here is that households led by women experienced the most profound effects of this phenomenon – propelled by their new-found ability to exhibit more financial resilience and to save money by using the service.

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Analysis of Kenya’s budget 2017/18: What’s in it for the poorest people?

In this report we examine aspects of Kenya’s 2017/18 budget that relate to the redistribution of national resources or to budgetary allocation to sectors with programmes that target poor and vulnerable groups.  Key findings The Government of Kenya plans to spend of Ksh 2.29 trillion (27.6% of GDP) in the the coming financial year Development expenditure will amount to 27.9% of the total budget – less than the minimum 30% threshold provided by the Public Finance Management Act 2012 The government aims to raise Ksh 1.71 trillion (20.6% of GDP) through collection of ordinary revenue and appropriation-in-aid There will be mounting pressure on the domestic market in the 2017/18 financial year, as the government plans to finance 60.7% of the fiscal deficit and fund 58.7% of development expenditure using domestic sources The government plans to increase net domestic borrowing by 12.4% High debt repayment plans between 2017/18 and 2018/19 are likely to have an adverse impact on poverty programmes – reducing funds for services and infrastructure. Almost all of the programmes favouring poor and vulnerable groups that are assessed in the report have been allocated more resources than they were in previous financial years. However, there is a financing gap between actual allocations and target resource requirements (as indicated in the various sector medium-term expenditure frameworks). Deficits are found in allocations to health insurance for the elderly and disabled persons programme; school health, nutrition and meals; and the National Social Safety Net programme.

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A summary of Kenya’s budget 2017/18 from a pro-poor perspective

Overview Kenya’s budget 2017/18 is an opportunity to address the country’s high levels of poverty and inequality. Over 45% of the country’s population live below the national poverty line,[1] and the poorest fifth of the population share only 4.8% of the country’s income.[2] Kenya also experiences inequalities at the sub-national level. In Turkana County, for example, an individual is 15 times less likely to have access to a secondary education, compared to an individual in Nairobi County. Even within counties, inequality persists. In a ward in Kilifi County, 84.5% of the population live below the poverty line, yet within another ward the figure is 39%.[3] It’s vital that resource allocations are interrogated in order to ensure they address poverty and inequalities.

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Kenya creates online system to monitor rural sanitation

Kenya’s vision of ending open defecation has received a boost from an online tool that tracks rural sanitation.

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Citizen-generated data and sustainable development: evidence from case studies in Kenya and…

In 2014, the UN Secretary General’s High Level Panel called for a data revolution to aid efforts as we work towards the aims of Agenda 2030, stimulating debate and action around innovative ways of generating and sharing data. Since then, technological advances have supported increased access to data and information through initiatives such as open-data platforms and SMS-based citizen reporting systems. The main ambition for these advances is to produce data that decision-makers find timely and usable. Proponents of citizen-generated data assert its potential to achieve these aims in the context of the sustainable development agenda. Nevertheless, there is a need for more evidence on the potential of citizen-generated data to influence policy and service delivery, and to contribute to the achievement of the sustainable development goals.

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Can you help some firms without hurting others? Yes, in a new Kenyan business training…

There are a multitude of government programs that directly try to help particular firms to grow. Business training is one of the most common forms of such support. A key concern when thinking about the impacts of such programs is whether any gains to participating firms come at the expense of their market competitors. E.g. perhaps you train some businesses to market their products slightly better, causing customers to abandon their competitors and simply reallocate which businesses sell the product

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Assessing the impoverishing effects, and factors associated with the incidence of catastrophic…

Monitoring the incidence and intensity of catastrophic health expenditure, as well as the impoverishing effects of out of pocket costs to access healthcare, is a key part of benchmarking Kenya’s progress towar…

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