Tag Archives: mortality

Health for All at the International Institute for Primary Health Care, Ethiopia

The time is ripe for a revitalization of the primary health care (PHC) movement. “Health for All through Primary Health Care” (HFA) was first envisioned at the 1978 International Conference on Primary Health Care (World Health Organization and UNICEF), and was enshrined in the Declaration of Alma-Ata. The HFA goal of bringing essential, affordable, scientifically sound, socially acceptable  health care provided by health workers who are trained to work as a health team and who are responsive to the health needs of the community, guided by strong community engagement by the year 2000 but has not been fully met. Fortunately the vision of Alma-Ata has taken root, sprouted and flourished in a number of locations.

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Nearly Half Of All Deaths Worldwide Have Recorded Cause, Up From About One-Third In 2005

Reuters: More than half of world’s deaths still have no recorded cause: WHO “More than half of all deaths have no recorded cause, making effective health monitoring and policymaking far more difficult, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Wednesday. However, improved collection of statistics meant that 27 million of the world’s 56 million estimated…More

Posted in Aid, Aid & Development, General Global Health, Kaiser's Global Health Update, Policy & Systems, Surveillance | Also tagged , | Comments closed

Barriers to Care and 1-Year Mortality Among Newly Diagnosed HIV-Infected People in Durban,…

Background: Prompt entry into HIV care is often hindered by personal and structural barriers.

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Mortality trends and differentials in South Africa from 1997 to 2012: second…

This study shows the reversal of HIV/AIDS, non-communicable disease, and injury mortality trends in South Africa during the study period. Mortality differentials show the importance of social determinants, raise concerns about the quality of health services, and provide relevant information to policy makers for addressing inequalities. Differences between GBD estimates for South Africa and this study emphasise the need for more careful calibration of global models with local data.

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Noncommunicable Disease | Tagged | Comments closed

Mortality in Transition: Study Protocol of the PrivMort Project, a multilevel convenience…

Previous research using routine data identified rapid mass privatisation as an important driver of mortality crisis following the collapse of Communism in Central and Eastern Europe.

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Effect modification in the temperature extremes by mortality subgroups among the tropical…

Background: Temperature–mortality relationships have been extensively probed with varying temperature range but with relatively similar patterns and in some instances are being modified by specific mortality groups such as causes of mortality, sex, and age.Objective: This study aimed to determine the risk attributions in the extreme temperatures and also identified the risks associated with the various mortality subgroups.Design: We used the 2006–2010 daily average meteorological and daily mortality variables from the Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration and Philippine Statistics Authority–National Statistics Office, respectively.

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Child mortality in Malawi – Authors’ reply

We thank Rob Yates for his letter and agree that Malawi’s consistent absence of user fees in public facilities will have probably facilitated access to care and financial protection, which might have benefited health outcomes. Indeed, a recent analysis by Manthalu and colleagues1 found positive effects of user fee removal on access to antenatal and delivery services in private facilities in Malawi. An analysis by Leone and colleagues2 also found a positive effect of user fee removal on institutional deliveries in Burkina Faso and Ghana.

Posted in Infant & Child Health, Journal Watch, Women & Children | Also tagged | Comments closed

Neonatal mortality and topical application of chlorhexidine on umbilical cord stump: a…

To examine the efficacy of topical chlorhexidine as an intervention on neonatal umbilical cord stumps and its association with neonatal mortality and omphalitis.

Posted in General Global Health, Infant & Child Health, Journal Watch, Monitoring & Evaluation, Research, Women & Children | Also tagged | Comments closed

Correction: Underweight, Markers of Cachexia, and Mortality in Acute Myocardial Infarction: A…

by The PLOS Medicine Staff This article was republished on May 19th, 2016 to correct poor figure quality in the PDF version, which was introduced during the typesetting process.

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Daily co-trimoxazole prophylaxis to prevent mortality in children with complicated…

Daily co-trimoxazole prophylaxis did not reduce mortality in children with complicated SAM without HIV. Other strategies need to be tested in clinical trials to reduce deaths in this population.

Posted in Journal Watch, Women & Children | Also tagged | Comments closed

Malaria, War and Death

In wars in malaria endemic areas, malaria can cause more damage than what occurs on the battlefield. The United States just observed its annual Memorial Day where those who died serving the country are remembered. Wing Beats, the journal of the Florida  Mosquito Associations reported on the status of malaria vectors in the state of Georgia and stressed the damage malaria did during the US Civil War: “From 1861 to1866 malaria was the second most commonly diagnosed ailment – diarrhea/dysentery was first – among Union troops, with over 1.3 million cases. Although sold iers native to the South were much more likely to have experienced malaria growing up, they also suffered deaths and incapacitation that affected the timing and outcome of battles.” During the Korean conflict, “paragonimiasis, malaria, and amoebiasis were the most fatal parasitic diseases during the early 1950s in the Korean Peninsula,” and consequently were responsible for deaths of prisoners of war.

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Tracking perioperative mortality and maternal mortality: challenges and opportunities

Access to surgery remains inequitable worldwide, with 5 billion people lacking safe and affordable surgical and anaesthesia care when needed.1 The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery was convened in 2013 to assess the state of surgery around the world, provide recommendations for improving access, and propose indicators for assessing national surgical systems. A key safety indicator is the perioperative mortality rate (POMR). This is defined by the Commission as the number of all-cause deaths before discharge in patients who have undergone a procedure in an operating theatre, divided by the total number of procedures, and presented as a percentage.

Posted in Featured Content, Journal Watch, Maternal & Reproductive Health, Noncommunicable Disease, Surgical disease, Women & Children | Also tagged , , , | Comments closed

Income inequality and differential mortality: An ominous combination

It is safe to argue that the issue of income and wealth inequality is nowadays at the center of political debate across the world. Leading intellectuals such as Thomas Piketty in his seminal work, “Capital in the Twenty-First Century,” and Joseph Stiglitz in “The Price of Inequality” have rigorously analyzed the evolution of this social phenomenon and argued that increased inequality and lack of opportunity are creating divided societies that are endangering the future of nations. Those working in public health have for years documented and discussed how low and decreasing incomes, decline in standards of living, and lack of or limited access health care and other essential services contribute to inequalities in health, manifested in a widening gap in life expectancy between the rich and the poor.

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The mortality in Gaza in July—September 2014: a retrospective chart-review study

The majority of Gazans who were killed or injured in the 2014 Israel—Gaza war were civilians, and one-fourth of the population were internally displaced.

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