Tag Archives: obesity

Happy Valentine’s Day: Fecundability and Sugar Sweetened Soda

Thinking about ordering a soda to go with your fancy dinner and dozen roses tonight? Think again… With sugar consumption rising throughout the developed (and developing) world, it seems that each new day brings with it a new study that illuminates a previously unknown link between sugar-heavy diets and chronic diseases like obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Now, just in time for Valentine’s Day, researchers from Boston University’s Pregnancy Study Online (PRESTO) have published a paper in Epidemiology showing that the intake of one or more sugar-sweetened beverages per day—by either partner—is associated with a decreased chance of getting pregnant. “We found positive associations between intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower fertility, which were consistent after controlling for many other factors, including obesity, caffeine intake, alcohol, smoking, and overall diet quality,” says lead author Elizabeth Hatch, professor of epidemiology.

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Chronic kidney disease and the global NCD agenda

2017 is an important year for the international nephrology community. March 9 was World Kidney Day, the theme this year being ‘Kidney disease and obesity: healthy lifestyles for healthy kidneys’, highlighting the crucial link between the kidneys and metabolic and cardiovascular health. In April, the Global Kidney Health Atlas, one of the largest health-related country capacity reviews in history, was launched at the World Congress of Nephrology in Mexico City. The Atlas, a first for the nephrology community, is a multinational cross-sectional survey designed to assess need and capacity for kidney care worldwide and provide the foundation for a global surveillance network for chronic kidney disease (CKD) care.

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New WHO policy briefs: common drivers and solutions to undernutrition and obesity

0000-0002-1767-4576This week the World Health Organization in Geneva released two new policy briefs focused on the double burden of malnutrition and double-duty actions for nutrition. The global double burden of malnutrition (WHO, 2017) Defined as the coexistence of undernutrition along with overweight, obesity or diet-related NCDs, within individuals, households and populations, and across the life-course, the double burden of malnutrition now grips many nations worldwide and presents a challenging new nutrition paradigm for policy makers and public health. This first brief outlines the three scales (individual, household and population) and many determinants of the double burden. The purpose of this policy brief is to increase attention to, and action for cost-effective interventions and policies to address the double burden of malnutrition within the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition – and, through this, to contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals of ending all forms of malnutrition (SDG2) and ensuring healthy lives and well-being for all at all ages (SDG3). The three scales at which the double burden of malnutrition can manifest (WHO, 2017) The second complementary, standalone brief introduces and explains the concept of double-duty actions

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Water security: the key ingredient for soda tax success

Recommended by the World Health Organization, sugar-sweetened beverage taxes have become an attractive policy to reduce the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). However, in contexts where water safety and security are equally important issues, there is an imperative need to simultaneously promote water sanitation and access policies to ensure the benefits of a soda tax don’t dry up.  Soda consumption is often high in countries where access to free drinking water is limited. For over half the global population, water insecurity is a daily reality, and so too is the double burden of malnutrition.

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Generating political priority for regulatory interventions targeting obesity prevention: an…

Publication date: March 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 177 Author(s): Phillip Baker, Timothy Gill, Sharon Friel, Gemma Carey, Adrian Kay Effective obesity prevention requires a synergistic mix of population-level interventions including a strong role for government and the regulation of the marketing, labelling, content and pricing of energy-dense foods and beverages.

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Impact of weight maintenance and loss on diabetes risk and burden: a population-based study in…

Weight loss in individuals at high risk of diabetes is an effective prevention method and a major component of the currently prevailing diabetes prevention strategies.

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Three wins this week, for tackling obesity

When it comes to obesity in Australia, the statistics are alarming – and generally getting worse. The national prevalence of obesity has increased significantly over the past few decades. Roughly three in ten Australian adults are now obese, with a further 36% classified as overweight. Together, that’s almost two in three of us. Seven in every 100 children are obese (and around one in four, overweight or obese) – an increase from almost zero in 1980

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A cross-sectional study of physical activity and sedentary behaviours in a Caribbean…

Current understanding of population physical activity (PA) levels and sedentary behaviour in developing countries is limited, and based primarily on self-report.

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Visceral politics: obesity and children’s embodied experiences of food and hunger


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Community-based pilot intervention to tackle childhood obesity: a whole-system approach

Go-Golborne is a pilot intervention to prevent childhood obesity in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea between 2014 and 2018.

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Physical activity and gaps in global health education: why the #PEPA16 MOOC is an important…

Ann Gates is a health care leader, clinical pharmacist, and exercise educationalist. She started her career as a clinical pharmacist in the NHS but quickly became interested in leadership and service planning. Ann is CEO and founder of Exercise Works but has also worked as NHS Director of Strategic Planning and as Head of Health Strategy, for Trent Strategic Health Authority, UK. She is passionate about global health, action on inequalities, and exercise medicine. Here she shares the benefits of physical activity and her latest venture as a co-founder of a new online training resource.

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Obesity and Multiple Sclerosis: A Mendelian Randomization Study

by Lauren E. Mokry, Stephanie Ross, Nicholas J. Timpson, Stephen Sawcer, George Davey Smith, J. Brent Richards Background Observational studies have reported an association between obesity, as measured by elevated body mass index (BMI), in early adulthood and risk of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, bias potentially introduced by confounding and reverse causation may have influenced these findings.

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Weighing Evidence from Mendelian Randomization—Early-Life Obesity as a Causal Factor in…

by Alberto Ascherio, Kassandra L. Munger In this Perspective, Alberto Ascherio and Kassandra Munger discuss the implications of Richards and colleagues’ study exploring the role of early-life obesity in risk of multiple sclerosis.

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Socioeconomic determinants of childhood obesity among primary school children in Guangzhou,…

Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood obesity prevalence differ according to a country’s stage of nutrition transition.

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