Tag Archives: publications

Sanitation marketing: A systematic review and theoretical critique using the capability…

Publication date: Available online 21 October 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): D.J.

Posted in Journal Watch | Also tagged | Comments closed

Analysing published global Ebola Virus Disease research using social network analysis

by Christiane Hagel, Felix Weidemann, Stephan Gauch, Suzanne Edwards, Peter Tinnemann Introduction The 2014/2015 West African Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak attracted global attention. Numerous opinions claimed that the global response was impaired, in part because, the EVD research was neglected, although quantitative or qualitative studies did not exist. Our objective was to analyse how the EVD research landscape evolved by exploring the existing research network and its communities before and during the outbreak in West Africa

Posted in Infectious Disease, Journal Watch, Neglected Tropical Diseases | Also tagged , | Comments closed

The Promise of Data for Transforming Global Health

I recently came back from a field visit and as my organization’s designated data person (among the many other hats I wear), I think constantly about the role of data in our work and more broadly, its role in global health. We’ve always had a problem with data in our field, more specifically the dire lack thereof. Recent efforts to spotlight the lack of high quality data in global health has led to somewhat of a data renaissance. And you know it’s a big deal when Bill Gates throws his weight behind it. It seems like every global health innovation talk I go to nowadays portrays data (in all its forms, from big data, predictive analytics, and machine learning) as the ultimate game changer in global health

Posted in General Global Health, Technology | Also tagged , , , , , , , | Comments closed

Nutrition and WASH: a recipe for success

Nutrition and WASH: a recipe for success hrandall Wed, 08/30/2017 – 13:53 Aug 30, 2017 Mwandwe Chileshe Global Program Associate at 1,000 Days and a Global Health Corps fellow Originally posted on the 1000 Days website.   In the leadup to World Water Week, WaterAid, SHARE (Sanitation and Hygiene Applied Research for Equity) and Action Against Hunger launched a new report, “The recipe for success,” in which they discuss  a key ingredient for fighting global malnutrition – WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene). The report highlights that 50% of undernutrition in children under five is associated with repeated diarrhea and infections resulting from poor WASH conditions. Additionally, poor sanitation is listed as the second leading cause of stunting worldwide.

Posted in Diahrreal Disease | Also tagged , , , , , , | Comments closed

Asymptomatic and Sub-Microscopic Malaria: a Challenge to Elimination Efforts

WHO says that, “In settings where malaria is actively being eliminated or has been eliminated, a “case” is the occurrence of any confirmed malaria infection with or without symptoms.” Several recent studies describe the importance of paying attention to asymptomatic infections. In the Bagamoyo District of Tanzania Sumari and colleagues collected blood samples and examined them for Plasmodium falciparum prevalence using rapid diagnostic test (RDT), light microscopy (LM) and reverse transcription quantitative PCR. While overall prevalence was higher in symptomatic children using all three methods, asymptomatic children had a higher prevalence of gametocytes using light microscopy and PCR.  They concluded that, “The higher gametocytemia observed in asymptomatic children indicates the reservoir infections and points to the need for detection and treatment of both asymptomatic and symptomatic malaria.” The health effects of asymptomatic plasmodial infections (API) on children were documented in Rwanda. These included “Plasmodium infection was associated with anaemia, fever, underweight, clinically assessed malnutrition and histories of fever, tiredness, weakness, poor appetite, abdominal pain, and vomiting” and were generally more common with submicroscopic infection

Posted in Malaria | Also tagged , , | Comments closed

Assessing the impact of healthcare research: A systematic review of methodological frameworks

by Samantha Cruz Rivera, Derek G. Kyte, Olalekan Lee Aiyegbusi, Thomas J. Keeley, Melanie J. Calvert Background Increasingly, researchers need to demonstrate the impact of their research to their sponsors, funders, and fellow academics. However, the most appropriate way of measuring the impact of healthcare research is subject to debate

Posted in Journal Watch | Also tagged | Comments closed

Health for All at the International Institute for Primary Health Care, Ethiopia

The time is ripe for a revitalization of the primary health care (PHC) movement. “Health for All through Primary Health Care” (HFA) was first envisioned at the 1978 International Conference on Primary Health Care (World Health Organization and UNICEF), and was enshrined in the Declaration of Alma-Ata. The HFA goal of bringing essential, affordable, scientifically sound, socially acceptable  health care provided by health workers who are trained to work as a health team and who are responsive to the health needs of the community, guided by strong community engagement by the year 2000 but has not been fully met. Fortunately the vision of Alma-Ata has taken root, sprouted and flourished in a number of locations.

Posted in Malaria | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Comments closed

Call for Global Open Consultations on the United Nations Cybersecurity Norms Proposal

ICT4Peace is honoured to have been invited to co-launch with Leiden University’s Program for Cyber Norms, the global open consultation on how to implement the United Nations’ Group of Governmental Experts’ Recommendations on Responsible State Behaviour in Cyberspace. Please find our Call for commentary and implementation guidelines on norms proposed in UN GGE 2015 report here.

Posted in General Global Health, mHealth | Also tagged , , | Comments closed

Population Health: Malaria, Monkeys and Mosquitoes

On World Population Day (July 11) one often thinks of family planning. A wider view was proposed by resolution 45/216 of December 1990, of the United Nations General Assembly which encouraged observance of “World Population Day to enhance awareness of population issues, including their relations to the environment and development.” A relationship still exists between family planning and malaria via preventing pregnancies in malaria endemic areas where the disease leads to anemia, death, low birth weight and stillbirth. Other population issues such as migration/mobility, border movement, and conflict/displacement influence exposure of populations to malaria, NTDs and their risks. Environmental concerns such as land/forest degradation, occupational exposure, population expansion (even into areas where populations of monkeys, bats or other sources of zoonotic disease transmission live), and climate warming in areas without prior malaria transmission expose more populations to mosquitoes and malaria.

Posted in Malaria | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Comments closed

Returns to scientific publications for pharmaceutical products in the United States

Summary Drug-specific clinical and health economic and outcomes research (HEOR) publications have amassed, but their effect on drug sales is largely unknown.

Posted in Journal Watch | Also tagged | Comments closed

Enhancing Civilian-Military Cooperation to Accelerate Malaria Elimination in Southeast Asia

Our colleague Sara Canavati attended the recent meeting on civilian and military collaboration to eli8minate malaria in Southeast Asia. Herein she shares some of the highlights of the meeting. Sara is affiliated with both the Centre for Biomedical Research, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia and the Department of Clinical Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok. – – – – – – – – – – The Heads of State from ASEAN member nations stated their commitment to an “Asia Pacific free of Malaria by 2030” at the 9th East Asia Summit.

Posted in Malaria | Also tagged , , , , , , , | Comments closed

Burundi: when will citizens see real protection from malaria?

Preliminary findings from Burundi’s 2015-16 DHS have been made available. The country has a long way to go to meet targets for basic control of malaria. LLIN availability by household is an overall disappointing 32%. Ironically there is greater coverage of households in in urban areas (50%) than rural (30%). There is also great variation among the provinces with 52% coverage in Bujumbura metropolitan but only 19% in Canzuko.

Posted in Malaria | Also tagged , , , , , , , , | Comments closed

Lessons learned for reducing the negative impact of adverse events on patients, health…

ABSTRACTPurposeTo summarize the knowledge about the aftermath of adverse events (AEs) and develop a recommendation set to reduce their negative impact in patients, health professionals and organizations in contexts where there is no previous experiences and apology laws are not present.Data sourcesReview studies published between 2000 and 2015, institutional websites and experts’ opinions on patient safety.Study selectionStudies published and websites on open disclosure, and the second and third victims’ phenomenon.

Posted in Journal Watch | Tagged | Comments closed

Failing to deliver on financing for development commitments

Most humanitarian crises are protracted or recurrent and the majority of humanitarian assistance is provided year-on-year over the medium to long term: 91 percent of humanitarian assistance from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Development Assistance Committee donors went to long- and medium-term recipients in 2014 (the year for which data is most recently available). As a result, there is a strong rationale for longer term humanitarian planning and financing, and greater coordination between humanitarian and development actors working in the same protracted crisis contexts to more effectively address the needs of vulnerable people and ‘leave no one behind’. In line with this, a number of recent global processes — including the Third International Financing conference on Financing for Development (2015), World Humanitarian Summit (2016) and U.N. High Level Panel on Humanitarian Financing — have resulted in promising commitments to strengthen the coherence of humanitarian and development responses and financing.

Posted in Aid, Aid & Development, General Global Health | Also tagged , , , , , , , | Comments closed