Tag Archives: research

Understanding periviable birth: A microeconomic alternative to the dysregulation narrative

Publication date: Available online 12 December 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Ralph Catalano, Tim Bruckner, Lyndsay Ammon-Avalos, Holly Stewart, Deborah Karasek, Shachar Kariv, Alison Gemmill, Katherine Saxton, Joan Casey Periviable infants (i.e., those born in the 20th through 26th weeks of gestation) suffer much morbidity and approximately half die in the first year of life.

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Fifty years of sociological leadership at Social Science and Medicine

Publication date: Available online 6 December 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Stefan Timmermans, Caroline Tietbohl In this review article, we examine some of the conceptual contributions of sociology of health and illness over the past fifty years.

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Poor continuity of care for TB diagnosis and treatment in Zambian Prisons: a situation analysis

Objectives Prisons act as infectious disease reservoirs.

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Demand-related factors influencing caregivers’ awareness of malaria tests and health…

Despite the World Health Organization’s recommendation of malaria test-treat strategy, which is the treatment of parasitological confirmed malaria cases with anti-malarials, presumptive diagnosis of malaria re…

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Advancing methods for health priority setting practice through the contribution of systems…

Publication date: Available online 9 December 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Kadia Petricca, Asfaw Bekele, Whitney Berta, Jennifer Gibson, Clare Pain Setting priorities for health services is a complex and value laden process.

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The Politics of Medicaid: Most Americans Are Connected to the Program, Support Its Expansion,…

Policy Points: More than half of Americans are connected to the Medicaid program—either through their own coverage or that of a family member or close friend—and are significantly more likely to view Medicaid as important and to support increases in spending, even among conservatives.

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Factors associated with gender equality among church-going young men in Kinshasa, Democratic…

While women and girls are made vulnerable by inequitable and violent versions of masculinities, there is increasing evidence that gender equality will not be achieved without partnering with men.

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Prof Lateef A Salako, 1935-2017, Malaria Champion

Professor Lateef Akinola Salako was an accomplished leader in malaria and health research in Nigeria whose contributions to the University of Ibadan and the Nigeria Institute for Medical Research (among others) advanced the health of the nation, the region and the world. His scientific research and his over 140 scientific publications spanned five decades. His research not only added to knowledge but also served as a mentoring tool to junior colleagues. Some of his vast areas of interest in malaria ranged from malaria epidemiology, to testing the efficacy of malaria drugs to tackling the problem of malaria in pregnancy. He led a team from three research sites in Nigeria that documented care seeking for children with malaria the acceptability of pre-packaged malaria and pneumonia drugs for children that could be used for community case management.

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High social trust associated with increased depressive symptoms in a longitudinal South African…

Publication date: Available online 6 December 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Kafui Adjaye-Gbewonyo, Ichiro Kawachi, S.V.

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Interactional justice at work is related to sickness absence: a study using repeated measures…

Research has shown that perceived unfairness contributes to higher rates of sickness absence.

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Tracking the career development of scientists in low- and middle-income countries trained…

by Béatrice Halpaap, Mahnaz Vahedi, Edith Certain, Tini Alvarado, Caroline Saint Martin, Corinne Merle, Michael Mihut, Pascal Launois The Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) co-sponsored by UNICEF, UNDP, World Bank and WHO has been supporting research capacity strengthening in low- and middle-income countries for over 40 years. In order to assess and continuously optimize its capacity strengthening approaches, an evaluation of the influence of TDR training grants on research career development was undertaken. The assessment was part of a larger evaluation conducted by the European Science Foundation

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Hunter-gatherer health and development policy: How the promotion of sedentism worsens the…

Publication date: January 2018 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 197 Author(s): Abigail E.

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Effects of women’s groups practising participatory learning and action on preventive and…

by Nadine Seward, Melissa Neuman, Tim Colbourn, David Osrin, Sonia Lewycka, Kishwar Azad, Anthony Costello, Sushmita Das, Edward Fottrell, Abdul Kuddus, Dharma Manandhar, Nirmala Nair, Bejoy Nambiar, Neena Shah More, Tambosi Phiri, Prasanta Tripathy, Audrey Prost Background The World Health Organization recommends participatory learning and action (PLA) in women’s groups to improve maternal and newborn health, particularly in rural settings with low access to health services. There have been calls to understand the pathways through which this community intervention may affect neonatal mortality. We examined the effect of women’s groups on key antenatal, delivery, and postnatal behaviours in order to understand pathways to mortality reduction. Methods and findings We conducted a meta-analysis using data from 7 cluster-randomised controlled trials that took place between 2001 and 2012 in rural India (2 trials), urban India (1 trial), rural Bangladesh (2 trials), rural Nepal (1 trial), and rural Malawi (1 trial), with the number of participants ranging between 6,125 and 29,901 live births. Behavioural outcomes included appropriate antenatal care, facility delivery, use of a safe delivery kit, hand washing by the birth attendant prior to delivery, use of a sterilised instrument to cut the umbilical cord, immediate wrapping of the newborn after delivery, delayed bathing of the newborn, early initiation of breastfeeding, and exclusive breastfeeding

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How does film support aid and development work?

On November 16 Technology Salon NYC met to discuss issues related to the role of film and video in development and humanitarian work. Our lead discussants were Ambika Samarthya from Praekelt.org; Lina Srivastava of CIEL, and Rebekah Stutzman, from Digital Green’s DC office. How does film support aid and development work? Lina proposed that there are three main reasons for using video, film, and/or immersive media (such as virtual reality or augmented reality) in humanitarian and development work: Raising awareness about an issue or a brand and serving as an entry point or a way to frame further actions. Community-led discussion/participatory media, where people take agency and ownership and express themselves through media

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