Tag Archives: surveillance

Sustaining visceral leishmaniasis elimination in Bangladesh – Could a policy brief help?

by Alyssa Fitzpatrick, Noor Saad M. S. Al-Kobaisi, Jessica Beitman Maya, Yu Ren Chung, Satyender Duhan, Erdene Elbegdorj, Sushant Jain, Edward Kuhn, Alexandra Nastase, Be-Nazir Ahmed, Piero Olliaro Bangladesh has made significant progress towards elimination of visceral leishmaniasis, and is on track to achieve its target of less than one case per 10,000 inhabitants in each subdistrict in 2017.

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Barriers to Care Among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Adults

Policy Points: Transgender and gender nonconforming (GNC) adults may experience barriers to care for a variety of reasons, including discrimination and lack of awareness by providers in health care settings.

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Challenges in achieving Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination: South Sudan Experience

Dr. Anthony Laku who is currently the Immunization Program Officer in the South Sudan Ministry of Health presented the status of efforts to eliminate maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) in South Sudan at the fourth meeting of the WHO Regional Immunization Technical Advisory Group held 5-7 December 2017 in Johannesburg, South Africa. A summary of key challenges is shared below. General Challenges to health delivery in South Sudan include a Maternal Mortality Ratio of 2054 per 100,000 live births.

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The world’s worst cholera outbreak highlights need for long-term solutions

The world’s worst cholera outbreak highlights need for long-term solutions hrandall Fri, 12/01/2017 – 10:08 Dec 01, 2017 Farasha Bashir Communications Specialist, icddr,b In 2015, civil war broke out in Yemen between the government and the rebel movement, triggering a humanitarian crisis that has resulted in more than 70 per cent of the population needing immediate aid and assistance. Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the Arab peninsula, and constant bombings have devastated infrastructure, including roads and hospitals.   One of the most devastating consequences of this war and instability has been the worst cholera outbreak ever recorded. Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease that thrives in disadvantaged and unstable environments; it can kill within hours if left untreated. Malnutrition and poor sanitation have made the country vulnerable to cholera, and more than 800,000 civilians have already been affected.

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malERA: An updated research agenda for combination interventions and modelling in malaria…

by The malERA Refresh Consultative Panel on Combination Interventions and Modelling This paper summarises key advances and priorities since the 2011 presentation of the Malaria Eradication Research Agenda (malERA), with a focus on the combinations of intervention tools and strategies for elimination and their evaluation using modelling approaches. With an increasing number of countries embarking on malaria elimination programmes, national and local decisions to select combinations of tools and deployment strategies directed at malaria elimination must address rapidly changing transmission patterns across diverse geographic areas. However, not all of these approaches can be systematically evaluated in the field. Thus, there is potential for modelling to investigate appropriate ‘packages’ of combined interventions that include various forms of vector control, case management, surveillance, and population-based approaches for different settings, particularly at lower transmission levels. Modelling can help prioritise which intervention packages should be tested in field studies, suggest which intervention package should be used at a particular level or stratum of transmission intensity, estimate the risk of resurgence when scaling down specific interventions after local transmission is interrupted, and evaluate the risk and impact of parasite drug resistance and vector insecticide resistance

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Progress towards a leprosy-free country: the experience of Oman

by Salah T Al Awaidy Introduction The World Health Organization (WHO) released the Global Leprosy Strategy 2016–2020 towards a leprosy-free world. The author described the progress made towards the elimination of leprosy and suggested recommendations for the acceleration towards a Leprosy-free country according to WHO laid out criterion.

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Impact of the Ebola outbreak on <i>Trypanosoma brucei gambiense</i> infection…

by Mariame Camara, Eric Ouattara, Alexandre Duvignaud, René Migliani, Oumou Camara, Mamadou Leno, Philippe Solano, Bruno Bucheton, Mamadou Camara, Denis Malvy Background The 2014–2015 Ebola outbreak massively hit Guinea. The coastal districts of Boffa, Dubreka and Forecariah, three major foci of Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT), were particularly affected.

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Going viral in PNG – Exploring routes and circumstances of entry of a rabies-infected dog…

Publication date: January 2018 Source:Social Science &amp; Medicine, Volume 196 Author(s): Victoria J.

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SMS-based Ebola Community Surveillance in Sierra Leone

In July 2015, in the aftermath of the Ebola outbreak, local and international Red Cross partners used Magpi to implement a “community event-based surveillance system (CEBS) using SMS”.  The community surveillance began in three districts of the country: Port Loko, Koinadugu and Bonthe. SLRCS volunteers, both community- based volunteers and volunteer supervisors were recruited from their communities and trained in the purpose of CEBS, signs and symptoms of the chosen events and diseases, how to report the cases by SMS to SLRCS headquarter, and trained in the stages of the surveillance from the detection of the cases to the reporting, the verification and the response. The volunteers were expected to be active in their community; inform the community about signs and symptoms and encourage the community members to report to the volunteer if they-or anyone they knew experienced any of these. The volunteers reported the suspected cases including which sign or symptom that was observed and which measures had been taken at community level, and supported the national health authorities in the response.

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Rotavirus vaccines: a lifesaving opportunity for Afghanistan

Rotavirus vaccines: a lifesaving opportunity for Afghanistan hrandall Tue, 10/31/2017 – 11:17 Oct 31, 2017 Dr. Palwasha Anwari Photo: Palwasha Anwari   Diarrheal disease has haunted Afghanistan for far too long. In 2015, a Demographic and Health Survey from Afghanistan found that, in the two weeks before the survey, nearly three in ten children under five had suffered from diarrhea. It is estimated that more than 45 percent of all diarrhea-related hospitalizations in Afghanistan are due to rotavirus—the leading, deadliest form of severe diarrheal disease—and Afghanistan is one of just ten countries that account for almost two-thirds of all rotavirus deaths worldwide.   This needs to end.

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Ecological niche modeling and distribution of <i>Ornithodoros hermsi</i> associated…

by Kylie M. Sage, Tammi L. Johnson, Michael B

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The Need to Prevent the Spread of Malaria Drug Resistance to Africa

Chike Nwangwu is a Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist who is currently working on his Doctor of Public Health (DrPH) degree at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Here he presents an overview of the threat of parasite resistance to first-line antimalarial drugs and the need to prevent the spread of this problem in Africa which beard the greatest burden of the global malaria problem. Malaria, remains one of the most pervasive and most malicious parasitic infections worldwide.  Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites when they enter the human body. There are currently five known plasmodium species that cause malaria in humans- P

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Expansion of Vaccination Services and Strengthening Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Surveillance…


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Haiti’s Commitment to Malaria Elimination: Progress in the Face of Challenges, 2010–2016


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