Tag Archives: surveillance

Cervical screening with primary HPV testing or cytology in a population of women in which those…

by Karen Canfell, Michael Caruana, Val Gebski, Jessica Darlington-Brown, Stella Heley, Julia Brotherton, Dorota Gertig, Chloe J. Jennett, Annabelle Farnsworth, Jeffrey Tan, C. David Wrede, Philip E. Castle, Marion Saville Background Using primary human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for cervical screening increases detection of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplastic lesions and invasive cancer (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2+ [CIN2+]) compared to cytology, but no evaluation has been conducted in a population previously offered HPV vaccination. We aimed to assess colposcopy referral and CIN2+ detection rates for HPV-screened versus cytology-screened women in Australia’s HPV-vaccinated population (by 2014, resident women ≤33 years had been age-eligible for HPV vaccination, with 3-dose uptake across age cohorts being about 50%–77%).

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Eco-epidemiological analysis of rickettsial seropositivity in rural areas of Colombia: A…

by Juan C. Quintero V., Luis E.

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Scrambled eggs: A highly sensitive molecular diagnostic workflow for…

by Nichola Eliza Davies Calvani, Peter Andrew Windsor, Russell David Bush, Jan Šlapeta Background Fasciolosis, due to Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica, is a re-emerging zoonotic parasitic disease of worldwide importance. Human and animal infections are commonly diagnosed by the traditional sedimentation and faecal egg-counting technique. However, this technique is time-consuming and prone to sensitivity errors when a large number of samples must be processed or if the operator lacks sufficient experience.

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A multi-center field study of two point-of-care tests for circulating <i>Wuchereria…

by Cédric B. Chesnais, Naomi-Pitchouna Awaca-Uvon, Fatoma K.

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SisLeish: A multi-country standardized information system to monitor the status of…

by Ana N. S.

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Using Magpi for Global Health Research

Although Magpi is now used for many purposes in many sectors, it was born from a need to do global health research and evaluation in the field (did you know the original name of Magpi was “EpiSurveyor” = “epidemiological survey tool”).  So even today, one of the things that we’re most enthusiastic about is when we learn about practitioners and clinicians and researchers using Magpi mobile data collection to advance health science all around the world. Of course, Magpi’s model — allowing users to simply sign up for free at www.magpi.com and start using the software, without any meetings or approval — means that in most cases we don’t know when someone is using the software.  But once in awhile Google helps us find great examples of Magpi use for health purposes, and below are four of our favorites: Assessment of Surgical Needs in Nepal Using Mobile Devices: Mobile Data Collection in a Developing Country Eugenia E.

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Estimating Costs of Care Attributable to Cancer: Does the Choice of Comparison Group Matter?

Objective To compare alternative strategies for specifying cancer-free control cohorts for estimating cancer-attributable costs of care.

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The Forest through the Trees: Themes in Social Production of Health

Recently Professor Ayodele S Jegede of the Faculty of Social Sciences, delivered the 419th Inaugural Lecture at the University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria, during the 2016/2017 academic session.  Below Prof. Jegede shares an abstract of his lecture. Prof Ayodele S Jegede Knowledge of individual actor’s behaviour is a reflection of the society as tree to the forest. As forest produces large quantities of oxygen and takes in carbon dioxide, society produces the needed resources for human beings to survive through culture.

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Phlebotomine sand fly–borne pathogens in the Mediterranean Basin: Human leishmaniasis and…

by Martina Moriconi, Gianluca Rugna, Mattia Calzolari, Romeo Bellini, Alessandro Albieri, Paola Angelini, Roberto Cagarelli, Maria P. Landini, Remi N.

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Epidemiology of Diphtheria in India, 1996–2016: Implications for Prevention and Control

Abstract.

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IAS 2017: X-DR TB emerges in 1990s in South Africa fueled by HIV

Categories: IAS 2017PARIS – Extensively drug resistant tuberculosis emerged and was widely transmitted in South Africa long before it was spotted by public health surveillance efforts, and at least a decade earlier than the first reported outbreak in 2005, a  presentation Monday showed. The start of the spread was , concurrent with the steep rise in both HIV and […](Read more…)

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The Affordable Care Act Reduced Socioeconomic Disparities In Health Care Access [Web First]

The United States has the largest socioeconomic disparities in health care access of any wealthy country.

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Epidemiology of enteroaggregative <i>Escherichia coli</i> infections and associated…

by Elizabeth T. Rogawski, Richard L. Guerrant, Alexandre Havt, Ila F

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The natural history of acute Ebola virus disease among patients managed in five Ebola treatment…

by Kelly Skrable, Reshma Roshania, Michaela Mallow, Vanessa Wolfman, Matthew Siakor, Adam C. Levine Introduction Previous studies of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) have focused on clinical symptoms and Ebola virus (EBOV) cycle threshold (CT) values recorded at patient triage. Our study explores EVD symptoms and EBOV CT values from onset of illness to recovery or death in a diverse population of patients.

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