Tag Archives: vaccines

Diarrhea, the time thief

Diarrhea, the time thief hrandall Mon, 02/12/2018 – 10:56 Feb 12, 2018 Thomas Wierzba Senior Scientist, PATH’s Center for Vaccine Development and Access (CVIA) A child in Sudan receives ORS during a hospital stay for severe diarrhea. PATH/Doune Porter.   Global deaths from diarrhea are falling, rapidly. This is encouraging news—it means that fewer parents are living with the tragedy of a child lost to diarrhea.

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Strategies to improve treatment coverage in community-based public health programs: A…

by Katrina V. Deardorff, Arianna Rubin Means, Kristjana H. Ásbjörnsdóttir, Judd Walson Background Community-based public health campaigns, such as those used in mass deworming, vitamin A supplementation and child immunization programs, provide key healthcare interventions to targeted populations at scale

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Rotavirus Vaccine will Improve Child Survival by More than Just Preventing Diarrhea: Evidence…

Abstract.

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Zika virus like particles elicit protective antibodies in mice

by Mauricio A. Salvo, Brock Kingstad-Bakke, Cristhian Salas-Quinchucua, Erwin Camacho, Jorge E. Osorio Mosquito-borne Zika virus (ZIKV) typically causes a mild and self-limiting illness known as Zika fever

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icddr,b launches a preemptive strike against cholera with vaccines

icddr,b launches a preemptive strike against cholera with vaccines hrandall Thu, 02/01/2018 – 10:44 Feb 01, 2018 Farasha Bashir Communications Specialist, icddr,b The emergency The Rohingyas are a predominantly Muslim ethnic group who, for centuries, resided in the Buddhist-dominant Rakhine State of Myanmar. However, they are not considered by Myanmar as one of their 135 official ethnic groups and have been denied citizenship since 1982, effectively rendering them stateless.   In August 2017, thousands of Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMN) fled from Myanmar due to a violent military crackdown. More than 625,000 FDMNs arrived in Cox’s Bazar, the border district of Bangladesh, in what the UN has called the most urgent refugee emergency in the world.     Limited space in registered camps created a vast challenge for Bangladesh where FDMNs have set up ‘home’ in informal shanties made from polythene and bamboo sticks.

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Quantitative and histological assessment of maternal-fetal transmission of <i>Trypanosoma…

by Jatziri Torres-Vargas, Matilde Jiménez-Coello, Eugenia Guzmán-Marín, Karla Y. Acosta-Viana, Zaida E. Yadon, Eduardo Gutiérrez-Blanco, José Leonardo Guillermo-Cordero, Nisha J

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Ringing in 2018 with an exciting rotavirus vaccine milestone

Ringing in 2018 with an exciting rotavirus vaccine milestone hrandall Tue, 01/23/2018 – 16:53 Jan 24, 2018 Allison Clifford Communications Officer for the Vaccine Development program at PATH Rotavirus vaccines are starting off the new year with a bang! Bharat Biotech just announced that ROTAVAC® has achieved prequalification by the World Health Organization (WHO), making it available for procurement by United Nations agencies and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, for use in low-resource countries. This marks the first new rotavirus vaccine to achieve WHO prequalification since 2009, bringing a new affordable option to the table for low-resource countries.   Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrheal disease in children worldwide, and vaccines are the best way to prevent this terrible illness. Although more than 90 countries have already introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs, 67 percent of all children—more than 90 million infants—still lack access to rotavirus vaccines

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Going straight to the source for vaccine research

Going straight to the source for vaccine research hrandall Wed, 01/03/2018 – 12:50 Jan 03, 2018 Study team Helsinki University Hospital You might be more used to seeing the shorthand abbreviation for ETEC, one of the leading bacterial causes of diarrhea. The 13-syllable mouthful is a lot to digest: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. I can tell you that it is a mouthful in Finnish, too.   There is currently no vaccine against ETEC, and we’re working to change that. While a vaccine to protect against ETEC would be welcome news to globetrotters who want protection against traveler’s diarrhea, our objective in researching this vaccine is to prevent death and disability in children that ETEC causes, primarily in poor settings.

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DefeatDD’s top ten in 2017

DefeatDD’s top ten in 2017 hrandall Tue, 12/26/2017 – 15:29 Dec 26, 2017 defeatDD Our Toilet Talks campaign was not a blog per se, but it was a major 2017 moment. Check out our new case study summarizing the highlights.   Perhaps you can sense the collective exhale as global health sector news slows for the holiday season. As usual, it’s our favorite time to dig into the analytics and check out your favorite DefeatDD blog posts of the year, always a fun and illuminating activity. This year in particular, it was like looking through a scrapbook of our many 2017 product launches

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A tale of holiday woe

A tale of holiday woe hrandall Wed, 12/20/2017 – 23:29 Dec 20, 2017 Laura Edison Kallen Scientific Communications Associate, PATH You know what makes for a really memorable holiday?   Viral diarrhea.   This year, a few days before my family was due to arrive at my parents’ house for Thanksgiving, my mom came down with a very mild case of stomach flu. She recovered within a day, and she thought it may have just been something she ate.   My family is well aware of the dangers of diarrheal disease—my dad is a gastroenterologist, my mom and older sister are pharmacists, my younger sister is a nurse, and I had been hospitalized with rotavirus as a toddler and now work on diarrheal vaccines at PATH—so naturally we were all concerned about the potential of this illness spreading to others.

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Experiences in Vaccine Procurement for Middle Income Countries: the Swaziland Experience

Njabuliso Lukhele of the Ministry of Health Swaziland shared Swaziland’s experiences in Vaccine Procurement at the recent Regional Immunization Technical Advisory Group (RITAG) Meeting, Johannesburg, South Africa, 05-08 December 2017. A summary of his presentation appears below. As a Lower Middle Income Country (MIC), Swaziland is not and has never been eligible to receive financial support for its immunization programs through the GAVI Alliance. Therefore, 83% of the health care budget is financed through domestic sources, and only 17% comes from from WHO and UNICEF.

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Challenges in achieving Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination: South Sudan Experience

Dr. Anthony Laku who is currently the Immunization Program Officer in the South Sudan Ministry of Health presented the status of efforts to eliminate maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) in South Sudan at the fourth meeting of the WHO Regional Immunization Technical Advisory Group held 5-7 December 2017 in Johannesburg, South Africa. A summary of key challenges is shared below. General Challenges to health delivery in South Sudan include a Maternal Mortality Ratio of 2054 per 100,000 live births.

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malERA: An updated research agenda for diagnostics, drugs, vaccines, and vector control in…

by The malERA Refresh Consultative Panel on Tools for Malaria Elimination Since the turn of the century, a remarkable expansion has been achieved in the range and effectiveness of products and strategies available to prevent, treat, and control malaria, including advances in diagnostics, drugs, vaccines, and vector control. These advances have once again put malaria elimination on the agenda. However, it is clear that even with the means available today, malaria control and elimination pose a formidable challenge in many settings. Thus, currently available resources must be used more effectively, and new products and approaches likely to achieve these goals must be developed. This paper considers tools (both those available and others that may be required) to achieve and maintain malaria elimination

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“One of the greatest medical success stories:” Physicians and nurses’ small stories about…

Publication date: January 2018 Source:Social Science &amp; Medicine, Volume 196 Author(s): Terra Manca In recent years, the Canadian province of Alberta experienced outbreaks of measles, mumps, pertussis, and influenza.

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