Tag Archives: violence & conflict

Direct provision versus facility collection of HIV self-tests among female sex workers in…

by Katrina Ortblad, Daniel Kibuuka Musoke, Thomson Ngabirano, Aidah Nakitende, Jonathan Magoola, Prossy Kayiira, Geoffrey Taasi, Leah G. Barresi, Jessica E. Haberer, Margaret A. McConnell, Catherine E. Oldenburg, Till Bärnighausen Background HIV self-testing allows HIV testing at any place and time and without health workers

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Control under times of uncertainty: the relationship between hospital competition and…

Recently, cases of medical disputes and even acts of violence toward physicians by patients in China have been escalating.

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Female garment workers’ experiences of violence in their homes and workplaces in Bangladesh:…

Publication date: January 2018 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 196 Author(s): Ruchira Naved, Tabassum Rahman, Samantha Willan, Rachel Jewkes, Andrew Gibbs The ways in which women’s engagement in paid work shapes their experiences of violence in the home and workplace is widely debated, particularly in Bangladesh, but rarely considered together.

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HIV self-testing among female sex workers in Zambia: A cluster randomized controlled trial

by Michael M. Chanda, Katrina F. Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Catherine Kanchele, Nyambe Kamungoma, Andrew Fullem, Caitlin Dunn, Leah G. Barresi, Guy Harling, Till Bärnighausen, Catherine E.

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The association between female genital fistula symptoms and gender-based violence: A…

Objective The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), which include standardized questions on female genital fistula symptoms, provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the epidemiology of fistula.

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Risky movies, risky behaviors, and ethnic identity among Black adolescents

Publication date: Available online 13 November 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Amy Bleakley, Morgan E.

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The symbolic violence of ‘outbreak’: A mixed methods, quasi-experimental impact evaluation…

Publication date: Available online 11 November 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Eugene T.

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HIV prevalence and behavioral and psychosocial factors among transgender women and cisgender…

by Tonia Poteat, Benjamin Ackerman, Daouda Diouf, Nuha Ceesay, Tampose Mothopeng, Ky-Zerbo Odette, Seni Kouanda, Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Anato Simplice, Abo Kouame, Zandile Mnisi, Gift Trapence, L. Leigh Ann van der Merwe, Vicente Jumbe, Stefan Baral Introduction Sub-Saharan Africa bears more than two-thirds of the worldwide burden of HIV; however, data among transgender women from the region are sparse. Transgender women across the world face significant vulnerability to HIV. This analysis aimed to assess HIV prevalence as well as psychosocial and behavioral drivers of HIV infection among transgender women compared with cisgender (non-transgender) men who have sex with men (cis-MSM) in 8 sub-Saharan African countries. Methods and findings Respondent-driven sampling targeted cis-MSM for enrollment

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Should community health workers offer support healthcare services to survivors of sexual…

Sexual violence is widespread, yet relatively few survivors receive healthcare or complete treatment.

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Social disorganization and homicide mortality rate trajectories in Brazil between 1991 and 2010

Publication date: October 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 190 Author(s): Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres, Amy Nivette Since the 1990s, researchers have noted declining trends in crime and violence, particularly homicide, in Western countries.

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Improving data on ageing to leave no one behind

At the end of August, I participated in a meeting in Winchester, UK, with colleagues from national statistical offices, UN agencies, NGOs and academia, to discuss the need for better disaggregation by age and ageing-related statistics. The UK’s Office of National Statistics hosted the technical group to lay the groundwork for the creation of the Titchfield City Group on Ageing and Age-disaggregated Data, which will provide expert recommendations to the UN Statistical Commission. Other city groups have significantly improved the collection of data, such as the Washington Group’s work on disability statistics. In order to leave no one behind – a core aim of Agenda 2030’s Sustainable Development Goals – we need to understand all the dimensions through which people are excluded.

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Sustained effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Healthy Activity Programme, a brief…

by Benedict Weobong, Helen A. Weiss, David McDaid, Daisy R. Singla, Steven D. Hollon, Abhijit Nadkarni, A-La Park, Bhargav Bhat, Basavraj Katti, Arpita Anand, Sona Dimidjian, Ricardo Araya, Michael King, Lakshmi Vijayakumar, G. Terence Wilson, Richard Velleman, Betty R

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List randomization for soliciting experience of intimate partner violence: Application to the…

Abstract Social scientists have increasingly invested in understanding how to improve data quality and measurement of sensitive topics in household surveys.

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Women’s and men’s reports of past-year prevalence of intimate partner violence and rape and…

by Rachel Jewkes, Emma Fulu, Ruchira Tabassam Naved, Esnat Chirwa, Kristin Dunkle, Regine Haardörfer, Claudia Garcia-Moreno, on behalf of the UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence Study Team Background Understanding the past-year prevalence of male-perpetrated intimate partner violence (IPV) and risk factors is essential for building evidence-based prevention and monitoring progress to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5.2, but so far, population-based research on this remains very limited. The objective of this study is to compare the population prevalence rates of past-year male-perpetrated IPV and nonpartner rape from women’s and men’s reports across 4 countries in Asia and the Pacific. A further objective is to describe the risk factors associated with women’s experience of past-year physical or sexual IPV from women’s reports and factors driving women’s past-year experience of partner violence. Methods and findings This paper presents findings from the United Nations Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific.

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