Tag Archives: WASH

Diarrhea, the time thief

Diarrhea, the time thief hrandall Mon, 02/12/2018 – 10:56 Feb 12, 2018 Thomas Wierzba Senior Scientist, PATH’s Center for Vaccine Development and Access (CVIA) A child in Sudan receives ORS during a hospital stay for severe diarrhea. PATH/Doune Porter.   Global deaths from diarrhea are falling, rapidly. This is encouraging news—it means that fewer parents are living with the tragedy of a child lost to diarrhea.

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If childhood stunting is a three-legged stool, poor gut health is one leg

If childhood stunting is a three-legged stool, poor gut health is one leg hrandall Wed, 02/07/2018 – 16:42 Feb 07, 2018 defeatDD Dr. Mark Manary, one of the world’s foremost experts in childhood malnutrition, screens children in Chikweo, Malawi. Photo: Carol Lin.   With 155 million stunted children in the world, progress against the complex condition is not coming fast enough to meet the 40 percent reduction target set by the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. We spoke to Dr.

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Origin of a High-Latitude Population of Aedes aegypti in Washington, DC


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icddr,b launches a preemptive strike against cholera with vaccines

icddr,b launches a preemptive strike against cholera with vaccines hrandall Thu, 02/01/2018 – 10:44 Feb 01, 2018 Farasha Bashir Communications Specialist, icddr,b The emergency The Rohingyas are a predominantly Muslim ethnic group who, for centuries, resided in the Buddhist-dominant Rakhine State of Myanmar. However, they are not considered by Myanmar as one of their 135 official ethnic groups and have been denied citizenship since 1982, effectively rendering them stateless.   In August 2017, thousands of Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMN) fled from Myanmar due to a violent military crackdown. More than 625,000 FDMNs arrived in Cox’s Bazar, the border district of Bangladesh, in what the UN has called the most urgent refugee emergency in the world.     Limited space in registered camps created a vast challenge for Bangladesh where FDMNs have set up ‘home’ in informal shanties made from polythene and bamboo sticks.

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Sanitation and water supply coverage thresholds associated with active trachoma: Modeling…

by Joshua V. Garn, Sophie Boisson, Rebecca Willis, Ana Bakhtiari, Tawfik al-Khatib, Khaled Amer, Wilfrid Batcho, Paul Courtright, Michael Dejene, Andre Goepogui, Khumbo Kalua, Biruck Kebede, Colin K. Macleod, Kouakou IIunga Marie Madeleine, Mariamo Saide Abdala Mbofana, Caleb Mpyet, Jean Ndjemba, Nicholas Olobio, Alexandre L.

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Dual-strain genital herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection in the US, Peru, and 8…

by Christine Johnston, Amalia Magaret, Pavitra Roychoudhury, Alexander L. Greninger, Daniel Reeves, Joshua Schiffer, Keith R. Jerome, Cassandra Sather, Kurt Diem, Jairam R. Lingappa, Connie Celum, David M.

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A tale of holiday woe

A tale of holiday woe hrandall Wed, 12/20/2017 – 23:29 Dec 20, 2017 Laura Edison Kallen Scientific Communications Associate, PATH You know what makes for a really memorable holiday?   Viral diarrhea.   This year, a few days before my family was due to arrive at my parents’ house for Thanksgiving, my mom came down with a very mild case of stomach flu. She recovered within a day, and she thought it may have just been something she ate.   My family is well aware of the dangers of diarrheal disease—my dad is a gastroenterologist, my mom and older sister are pharmacists, my younger sister is a nurse, and I had been hospitalized with rotavirus as a toddler and now work on diarrheal vaccines at PATH—so naturally we were all concerned about the potential of this illness spreading to others.

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Sensory storytelling: what are artists’ responsibilities when creating immersive digital…

Karen Palmer is a digital filmmaker and storyteller from London who’s doing a dual residence at ThoughtWorks in Manhattan and TED New York to further develop a project called RIOT, described as an ‘emotionally responsive, live-action film with 3D sound.’ The film uses artificial intelligence, machine learning, various biometric readings, and facial recognition to take a person through a personalized journey during dangerous riot. Karen Palmer, the future of immersive filmmaking, Future of Storytelling (FoST)  Karen describes RIOT as ‘bespoke film that reflects your reality.’ As you watch the film, the film is also watching you and adapting to your experience of viewing it. Using a series of biometric readings (the team is experimenting with eye tracking, facial recognition, gait analysis, infrared to capture body temperature, and an emerging technology that tracks heart rate by monitoring the capillaries under a person’s eyes) the film shifts and changes. The biometrics and AI create a “choose your own adventure” type of immersive film experience, except that the choice is made by your body’s reactions to different scenarios. A unique aspect of Karen’s work is that the viewer doesn’t need to wear any type of gear for the experience

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Comprehensive Cholera Prevention and Control: Lessons Learnt from the United Republic of…

Dafrossa Lyimo of the Ministry of Health, Tanzania presented Tanzania’s experience in preventing and controlling cholera at the 4th African Regional Immunization Technical Advisory Group (RITAG) meeting in Johannesburg, 5-8 December 2017. Those experiences are summarized below. Cholera outbreak in Tanzania started with the index case detected in Dar es Salaam Region on 6 August 2015. The World Health Organization was notified by Ministry of Health on 15 August 2015. By 31 December 2015 the outbreak spread to 22 out of 26 regions in Tanzania Mainland.

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The eternal opportunity

The new Secretary of State for International Development has been quick off the mark with positive messages about aid.  And yesterday, she added her name to the role-call of pronouncements about the power of the current generation to eradicate poverty: Thanks to technology, we have opportunities that previous generations did not. We have the power to eradicate poverty. Penny Mordaunt, Secretary of State for International Development, 30 November 2017 This is, of course, not the first time we have told ourselves this. Here are some previous examples: This is the best story in the world today — these projections show us that we are the first generation in human history that can end extreme poverty … This new forecast of poverty falling into the single digits should give us new momentum and help us focus even more clearly on the most effective strategies to end extreme poverty

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The "F" in SAFE: Reliability of assessing clean faces for trachoma control in the…

by Sheila K. West, Derick Ansah, Beatriz Munoz, Nicodemus Funga, Harran Mkocha Background Although facial cleanliness is part of the SAFE strategy for trachoma there is controversy over the reliability of measuring a clean face. A child’s face with no ocular and nasal discharge is clean and the endpoint of interest, regardless of the number of times it must be washed to achieve that endpoint

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An interview with Raya

An interview with Raya hrandall Thu, 11/16/2017 – 12:49 Nov 16, 2017 Hope Randall Digital Communications Officer for DefeatDD Our team has made so many good friends this year at Sesame Workshop India, both of the human and Muppet variety. We celebrated World Water Day with Chamki and Googly, and now we’re gearing up for World Toilet Day with Raya, who is just as passionate as we are about keeping germs at bay.   We sat down to thank her for contributing a Toilet Talk for our campaign to raise awareness about diarrhea prevention and treatment ahead of World Toilet Day and to share with advocates our new state of the field report. And of course, we continued to talk toilets!   Hope: Good to meet you, Raya

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Comparing the behavioral impact of a nudge-based handwashing intervention to high-intensity…

Objective To determine the impact of environmental nudges on handwashing behaviors among primary school children as compared to a high-intensity hygiene education intervention.

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Contribution of the Standards-Based Management and Recognition (SBM-R) approach to fighting…

Quality improvement tools play an important role in ensuring better malaria services.  Moumouni Bonkoungou, Ousmane Badolo, and Thierry Ouedraogo describe how Standards Based Management and Recognition Approach to Quality Improvement Jhpiego’s quality approach, Standards-Based Management and Recognition, was applied to enhancing the provision of malaria services in Burkina Faso at the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Their work was supported through the President’s Malaria Initiative and the USAID Improving Malaria Care Project. In 2015, Burkina Faso recorded 8,286,463 malaria cases, including 450,024 severe cases with 5379 deaths. The main reasons for these death are:  Inadequate application of national malaria diagnosis and treatment guidelines, delays in seeking health care and poor quality of case management.

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